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      <title>Oral history with Mohammad Shamsul Alam Joarder, 2012 January 16</title>
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      <namePart>Joarder, Mohammad Shamsul Alam, 1937-</namePart>
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    <abstract>Lt. Col (retd) MS Alam Joarder was born in village Nagdah, Alamdanga, Nodia district in British India. His early days were spent in Jagaddal.  Jagaddal is a town in North 24 Parganas district, on the banks of the Ganges river in the state of West Bengal,  On the eastern banks of the river, the town has many jute mills which drew a large labour force from the neighboring states of Bihar and Orissa, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, quite often forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area. Mr. Joarder's father, Golam Rasul Joarder was an employee of the Alliance Jute Mills in the town.Life was happy and peaceful in the small town. Little Alam and his sister went to Kolkata almost every weekend to visit the famous sites, such as, the Victoria Memorial, the zoo..etc. Mr. Joarder recalls riding the train to the city of Kolkata in the 40's. It was a beautiful city with lots of attractions for tourists. One day in 1946, there was a big procession on the GrandTrunk Road (now Jessore Kolakata Haridaspur Road). Little Alam and his sister also wanted to join the procession with their father. But it was too crowded and his father decided not to take them to Kolkata. Later, he came home in sweat and blood. An awful riot had broken down in Sealdah. Hindus were killing Muslims and Muslims were killing Hindus without any reason. Mr. Joarders'a father said, "Thank God I came home alive. If I took two of you with me, I'd not have been able to save you from the mobs".Mr. Joarder's father felt things became tense between Hindu and Muslims after Partition and decided to move to E. Pakistan. He sent his family to his ancestral home in AlamDanga and loaded his furniture and belongings on a truck and headed for the border. However, the border patrol did not allow him to take a single piece with him. Thus, the family migrated to E. Pakistan only with their clothes on. Mr. Joarder and his family migrated to the new country and started all over again. He completed his intermediates from the Magura college and joined the Pakistan Army. He retired as a Lt. Col from the Bangladesh Army. Today he lives in his residence in Dhaka and has 4 grown children. Mr. Joarder spends most of his time preaching Islam and for humanitarian causes</abstract>
    <note displayLabel="Sponsor">Project sponsored by Joelle Raichle.</note>
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      <geographic>India</geographic>
      <topic>History</topic>
      <temporal>Partition, 1947</temporal>
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        <coordinates>Pre-partition residence: Jagdal, Odisha, India(21.02, 82.9326); Current residence: Dhaka, Bangladesh (23.8103, 90.4125)</coordinates>
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    <identifier type="local" displayLabel="Source ID">partitionArchive_0296</identifier>
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        <title>1947 Partition Archive - Mohammad Shamsul Alam Joarder</title>
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