Topics debated include the existence of the gods, nature, the government of the world, and providence. This particular copy, which is simple in lay-out, is noteworthy for its numerous marginal annotations that suggest it was copied for use by a student or member of humanist circles.
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Watermarks close to Briquet, "Huchet, " number 7834, Rome, 1470; and Piccard, "Wasserzeichen, Horn" (1979), VIII, No. 36, Rome, Urbino, 1460.
Written in a humanistic semi-cursive script, in brown ink, up to 25 lines.
Paper ruled in lead point, (justification 150 x 85 mm.), spaces left blank for decorated initials never executed.
Some marginal annotations in a cursive script.
Bound in limp vellum over pasteboard; smooth spine with title in pencil faintly visible.
Open for research ; material must be requested at least 24 hours in advance of intended use.
Purchased, 2012. Accession 2012-028.
On the nature of gods, one of the philosophical works by Cicero, composed towards the end of his life.
Copied in Italy (based on script and watermarks). A possible place of origin could be Rome or the Latium, the paper stock seems to be Roman.