Preface xv About the Author xxix Chapter 1: Mole Balances 1 1.1 The Rate of Reaction, --rA 4 1.2 The General Mole Balance Equation 8 1.3 Batch Reactors (BRs) 10 1.4 Continuous-Flow Reactors 12 1.5 Industrial Reactors 22 Chapter 2: Conversion and Reactor Sizing 33 2.1 Definition of Conversion 34 2.2 Batch Reactor Design Equations 34 2.3 Design Equations for Flow Reactors 37 2.4 Sizing Continuous-Flow Reactors 40 2.5 Reactors in Series 49 2.6 Some Further Definitions 60 Chapter 3: Rate Laws 73 3.1 Basic Definitions 74 3.2 The Reaction Order and the Rate Law 76 3.3 The Reaction Rate Constant 86 3.4 Present Status of Our Approach to Reactor Sizing and Design 93 Chapter 4: Stoichiometry 105 4.1 Batch Systems 107 4.2 Flow Systems 113 Chapter 5: Isothermal Reactor Design: Conversion 139 5.1 Design Structure for Isothermal Reactors 140 5.2 Batch Reactors (BRs) 144 5.3 Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs) 152 5.4 Tubular Reactors 162 5.5 Pressure Drop in Reactors 169 5.6 Synthesizing the Design of a Chemical Plant 188 Chapter 6: Isothermal Reactor Design: Molar Flow Rates 207 6.1 The Molar Flow Rate Balance Algorithm 208 6.2 Mole Balances on CSTRs, PFRs, PBRs, and Batch Reactors 208 6.3 Applications of the Molar Flow Rate Algorithm to Microreactors 212 6.4 Membrane Reactors 217 6.5 Unsteady-State Operation of Stirred Reactors 225 6.6 Semibatch Reactors 226 Chapter 7: Collection and Analysis of Rate Data 245 7.1 The Algorithm for Data Analysis 246 7.2 Determining the Reaction Order for Each of Two Reactants Using the Method of Excess 248 7.3 Integral Method 249 7.4 Differential Method of Analysis 253 7.5 Nonlinear Regression 259 7.6 Reaction Rate Data from Differential Reactors 264 7.7 Experimental Planning 271 Chapter 8: Multiple Reactions 283 8.1 Definitions 283 8.2 Algorithm for Multiple Reactions 286 8.3 Parallel Reactions 289 8.4 Reactions in Series 298 8.5 Complex Reactions 308 8.6 Membrane Reactors to Improve Selectivity in Multiple Reactions 316 8.7 Sorting It All Out 321 8.8 The Fun Part 321 Chapter 9: Reaction Mechanisms, Pathways, Bioreactions, and Bioreactors 339 9.1 Active Intermediates and Nonelementary Rate Laws 340 9.2 Enzymatic Reaction Fundamentals 349 9.3 Inhibition of Enzyme Reactions 364 9.4 Bioreactors and Biosynthesis 371 Chapter 10: Catalysis and Catalytic Reactors 409 10.1 Catalysts 409 10.2 Steps in a Catalytic Reaction 415 10.3 Synthesizing a Rate Law, Mechanism, and Rate-Limiting Step 431 10.4 Heterogeneous Data Analysis for Reactor Design 446 10.5 Reaction Engineering in Microelectronic Fabrication 456 10.6 Model Discrimination 461 Chapter 11: Nonisothermal Reactor Design--The Steady State Energy Balance and Adiabatic PFR Applications 477 11.1 Rationale 478 11.2 The Energy Balance 479 11.3 The User Friendly Energy Balance Equations 486 11.4 Adiabatic Operation 492 11.5 Adiabatic Equilibrium Conversion and Reactor Staging 502 11.6 Optimum Feed Temperature 509 Chapter 12: Steady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design--Flow Reactors with Heat Exchange 521 12.1 Steady-State Tubular Reactor with Heat Exchange 522 12.2 Balance on the Heat Transfer Fluid 525 12.3 Algorithm for PFR/PBR Design with Heat Effects 527 12.4 CSTR with Heat Effects 545 12.5 Multiple Steady States (MSS) 556 12.6 Nonisothermal Multiple Chemical Reactions 563 12.7 Safety 577 Chapter 13: Unsteady-State Nonisothermal Reactor Design 601 13.1 The Unsteady-State Energy Balance 602 13.2 Energy Balance on Batch Reactors 604 13.3 Semibatch Reactors with a Heat Exchanger 615 13.4 Unsteady Operation of a CSTR 620 13.5 Nonisothermal Multiple Reactions 624 Appendix A: Numerical Techniques 649 Appendix B: Ideal Gas Constant and Conversion Factors 655 Appendix C: Thermodynamic Relationships Involving the Equilibrium Constant 659 Appendix D: Nomenclature 665 Appendix E: Software Packages 669 E.1 Polymath 669 E.2 AspenTech 670 E.3 COMSOL 671 E.4 Software Packages 671 Appendix F: Rate Law Data 673 Appendix G: Open-Ended Problems 675 G.1 Design of Reaction Engineering Experiment 675 G.2 Effective Lubricant Design 675 G.3 Peach Bottom Nuclear Reactor 675 G.4 Underground Wet Oxidation 675 G.5 Hydrodesulfurization Reactor Design 676 G.6 Continuous Bioprocessing 676 G.7 Methanol Synthesis 676 G.8 Alcohol Metabolism 676 G.9 Methanol Poisoning 676 G.10 Cajun Seafood Gumbo 676 Appendix H: How to Use the DVD-ROM 679 H.1 DVD-ROM Components 679 H.2 How the DVD-ROM/Web Can Help Learning Styles 682 H.3 Navigation 683 Index 685.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
Publisher's Summary
Learn Chemical Reaction Engineering through Reasoning, Not Memorization Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering is the complete, modern introduction to chemical reaction engineering for today's undergraduate students. Starting from the strengths of his classic Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Fourth Edition, in this volume H. Scott Fogler added new material and distilled the essentials for undergraduate students. Fogler's unique way of presenting the material helps students gain a deep, intuitive understanding of the field's essentials through reasoning, using a CRE algorithm, not memorization. He especially focuses on important new energy and safety issues, ranging from solar and biomass applications to the avoidance of runaway reactions. Thoroughly classroom tested, this text reflects feedback from hundreds of students at the University of Michigan and other leading universities. It also provides new resources to help students discover how reactors behave in diverse situations--including many realistic, interactive simulations on DVD-ROM. New Coverage Includes * Greater emphasis on safety: following the recommendations of the* Chemical Safety Board (CSB), discussion of crucial safety topics, including ammonium nitrate CSTR explosions, case studies of the nitroaniline explosion, and the T2 Laboratories batch reactor runaway* Solar energy conversions: chemical, thermal, and catalytic water spilling* Algae production for biomass* Steady-state nonisothermal reactor design: flow reactors with heat exchange* Unsteady-state nonisothermal reactor design with case studies of reactor explosions About the DVD-ROM The DVD contains six additional, graduate-level chapters covering catalyst decay, external diffusion effects on heterogeneous reactions, diffusion and reaction, distribution of residence times for reactors, models for non-ideal reactors, and radial and axial temperature variations in tubular reactions. Extensive additional DVD resources include * Summary notes, Web modules, additional examples, derivations, audio commentary, and self-tests* Interactive computer games that review and apply important chapter concepts* Innovative "Living Example Problems" with Polymath code that can be loaded directly from the DVD so students can play with the solution to get an innate feeling of how reactors operate* A 15-day trial of Polymatha is included, along with a link to the Fogler Polymath site* A complete, new AspenTech tutorial, and four complete example problems* Visual Encyclopedia of Equipment, Reactor Lab, and other intuitive tools* More than 500 PowerPoint slides of lecture notes Additional updates, applications, and information are available at www.umich.edu/~essen and www.essentialsofcre.com. (source: Nielsen Book Data)