De virtutibus herbarum; the end of chapter 21 and beginning of chapter 22 : manuscript fragment
- [Northern France : circa 1350]
- Physical description
- A partial bifolium, including one nearly complete leaf, 215 x 300 mm.
- The fragment begins in the latter part of the discussion of roses (ch. 21), then takes up lilies (ch. 22), and includes a discussion of poppies. Marginal headings in the hand of the scribe call attention to the medical application of the herbs: for headache, for toothache, for tough eyelashes, for itch, for snakebite, against bad blood in the stomach, and for soothing the stomach. [dealer description]
- Molendino, Theodorus de.
- Botany, Medical > History.
- Herbs > Therapeutic use > Early works to 1800.
- Herbals > Early works to 1800.
- Manuscripts, Medieval > France.
- Materia medica, Vegetable.
- Medicine, Medieval > Manuscripts.
- Science > History.
- Earliest possible date
- Latest possible date
- Single columns of 33 lines, black ink, cursive script, written in two hands.
- A 16th century note, from when the fragment was used as a pastedown, records the name of the owner, Dominus theodorus de molendino vidicat sibi hunc librum.
- The text was printed by Ludwig Choulant, Leipzig, 1832, but there is no modern edition.
- Open for research; material must be requested at least 24 hours in advance of intended use.
- Purchased from Bernard Quaritch (catalog 1396, number 57), 2010. Accession 2010-173.
- This herbal is attributed to Odo de Meung-sur-Loire who flourished about the end of the 11th century in the Loire area of France. It was circulated under the name Macer Floridus. This manuscript was probably written by a medical practitioner rather than a professional scribe, perhaps in the region of Rouen (according to Malcolm B. Parkes). [from dealer description]
- From the Rosenthal collection.
- Related Work
- Macer, Floridus. De virtutibus herbarum.
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