German lectern Bible fragment
- Uniform Title
- Bible Latin. Manuscript leaves. circa 1400-1450.
- Latin. In Latin.
- Physical description
- 2 complete bifolia (4 leaves), on vellum ; 511 x 380 mm. (text 650 x 250 mm.)
Also available at
At the library
All items must be viewed on site
Request items at least 2 days before you visit to allow retrieval from off-site storage. You can request at most 5 items per day.
|M1715 FLAT BOX 1||In-library use|
- Simony, Arthur, former owner.
- Earliest possible date
- Latest possible date
- Origin: There was a renewed fashion and increased commercial demand for lectern Bibles in northern Europe by the middle of the fifteenth century, and it was exactly this genre of book which Gutenberg sought to produce by mechanicla means. "For 300 years the giant biblical volumes of the twelfth century had been put aside in favour of the little hand-held manuscript Bibles invented in thirteenth-century Paris. Now the monasteries began to look back with nostalgia on their Romanesque pasts. Many of the ancient monasteries in western Germany joined movements of reform and renewal ... They all emphasized the central role of the uncontaminated Bible in the religious life." [Quoted by dealer from Christopher de Hamel, The Book, a History of the Bible, London, 2001]
- The first bifolium has non-consecutive leaves covering Hebrews 2,2 - 7,9 (first leaf) and Acts 15,35 - 18,10 (second leaf); the second bifolium with continuous text covers Acts 3,13 - 8,18.
- The scribe's use of punctus flexus punctuation (like a "7" above a dot), and the letters "P", "S", and "T" added in the margins (for Primo, Secundo, and Tertio), indicate that the Bible was written for, and used by, a Carthusian monastery. [Per email from Peter Kidd]
- Collation: Catchwords written at the lower right corner of the verso of the second leaf of the first bifolium. The two bifolia were once part of a single gathering; the bifolium with non-continuous text (and with catchwords on the verso of the second leaf) was the outer sheet, and the bifolium with continuous text from Acts of the Apostles was the centermost sheet.
- Layout: Written in double columns of 47 - 49 lines, some contemporary marginal corrections. The scale is reminiscent of the giant Romanesque Bibles produced in the 11th and 12th centuries, and the dimensions are only slightly smaller than the mid-15th century monumental 'Giant Bible of Mainz' in the Library of Congress (MS.8, 570 x 400 mm). [From dealer's description]
- Gothic script, dark brown ink, ruled with ink.
- Decorations: 3- or 4-line blue or red chapter initials, headlines and chapter numbers in red.
- Open for research; material must be requested at least 24 hours in advance of intended use.
- Purchased, 2009. Accession 2009-267.
- From the collection of Dr. Arthur Simony, with his stamp on the recto of the first leaf of the bifolium from Acts.
Acquired with support from
Browse related items
Start at call number: