Quantum theory of conducting matter : Newtonian equations of motion for a Bloch electron
- Shigeji Fujita and Kei Ito.
- New York : Springer, c2007.
- Physical description
- xix, 244 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
- Includes bibliographical references (p. 227-235) and index.
- I. Preliminaries Chapter 1 through 5 - Introduction, Theoretical Background-- Lattice vibrations, heat capacity-- Free electron model, heat capacity-- Electrical conduction and the Hall effect-- Magnetic susceptibility II. Bloch Electron Dynamics Chapter 6 through 10 - Introduction-- The Bloch theorem-- The Fermi liquid model-- The Fermi surface and de Haas-van Alphen oscillations-- Newtonian equations of motion III. Applications Chapter 11 through 18 - Introduction-- Cyclotron resonance-- Dynamic conductivity, infrared faraday effect-- Thermoelectric power-- The doping dependence of the susceptibility in cuprates-- Electron-phonon interation-- Superconductivity-- Quantum Hall effect.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publisher's Summary
- The measurements of the Hall coefficient RH and the Seebeck coefficient (thermoelectric power) S are known to give the sign of the carrier charge q. In sodium (Na) forming a body-centered cubic (bcc) lattice both RH and S are negative, indicating that the carrier is the 'electron'. In silver (Ag) forming a face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice the Hall coefficient RH is negative but the Seebeck coefficient S is positive. This complication arises from the Fermi surface of the metal. In conducting matter physics the 'electrons' and the 'holes' play important roles. The 'electrons' ('holes') which by definition circulate counterclockwise (clockwise) around the magnetic field (flux) vector B cannot be discussed based on the prevailing equation of motion in the electron dynamics: dk/dt=q (E + v x B), k = k-vector, E = electric field, v = velocity since the energy-momentum relation is not incorporated in this equation. In this book we shall derive Newtonian equations of motion with a symmetric mass tensor. We diagonalize this tensor by introducing the principal masses and the principal axes of the inverse-mass tensor associated with the Fermi surface. We demonstrate that the 'electrons' ('holes') are generated near the Fermi surface, depending on the curvature sign of the surface. As applications, we treat magnetic oscillations in the susceptibility and conductivity, cyclotron resonance, thermopower and infrared Hall effect. In each case we treat the phenomena, starting with the crystal structure and using the Fermi surface. Free-electron model, phonons, kinetic theory of the electron transport, the magnetic susceptibility and the Boltzmann equation method, which are normally covered in the introductory solid state physics course are included as the preliminaries. The text is composed of three parts, Part I preliminaries, Chap. 1-6, Bloch electron dynamics, Chap. 7-10, and applications, Chap. 11-15.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- 9780387741024 (hbk. : alk. paper)
- 038774102X (hbk. : alk. paper)
- 9780387741031 (e-book)
- 0387741038 (e-book)
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