- Lorraine Daston & Peter Galison.
- New York : Zone Books ; Cambridge, Mass. : Distributed by the MIT Press, 2007.
- Physical description
- 501 p.,  p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm.
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- Prologue: objectivity shock
- Epistemologies of the eye blind sight
- Images at work
- Objectivity is new
- Histories of the scientific self
- Epistemic virtues
- The argument
- Objectivity in shirtsleeves
- Before objectivity
- Taming nature's variability
- The idea in the observation
- Four-eyed sight
- Truth-to-nature after objectivity
- Mechanical objectivity
- Seeing clear
- Photography as science and art
- Automatic images and blind sight
- Drawing against photography
- Ethics of objectivity
- The scientific self
- Why objectivity?
- The scientific subject
- Kant among the scientists
- Scientific personae
- Observation and attention
- Knower and knowledge
- Structural objectivity
- Objectivity without images
- The objective science of mind
- The real, the objective, and the communicable
- The color of subjectivity
- What even a god could not say
- Dreams of a neutral language
- The cosmic community
- Trained judgment
- The uneasiness of mechanical reproduction
- Accuracy should not be sacrificed to objectivity
- The art of judgment
- Practices and the scientific self
- Representation to presentation
- Seeing is being : truth, objectivity, and judgment
- Seeing is making : nanofacture.
This work shows the emergence of objectivity in the mid-nineteenth-century sciences, as revealed through images in scientific atlases - a story of how lofty epistemic ideals fuse with workaday practices.Objectivity has a history, and it is full of surprises. In "Objectivity", Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison chart the emergence of objectivity in the mid-nineteenth-century sciences - and show how the concept differs from its alternatives, truth-to-nature and trained judgment. This is a story of lofty epistemic ideals fused with workaday practices in the making of scientific images.From the eighteenth through the early twenty-first centuries, the images that reveal the deepest commitments of the empirical sciences - from anatomy to crystallography - are those featured in scientific atlases, the compendia that teach practitioners what is worth looking at and how to look at it. Galison and Daston use atlas images to uncover a hidden history of scientific objectivity and its rivals. Whether an atlas maker idealizes an image to capture the essentials in the name of truth-to-nature or refuses to erase even the most incidental detail in the name of objectivity or highlights patterns in the name of trained judgment is a decision enforced by an ethos as well as by an epistemology.As Daston and Galison argue, atlases shape the subjects as well as the objects of science. To pursue objectivity - or truth-to-nature or trained judgment - is simultaneously to cultivate a distinctive scientific self wherein knowing and knower converge. Moreover, the very point at which they visibly converge is in the very act of seeing not as a separate individual but as a member of a particular scientific community. Embedded in the atlas image, therefore, are the traces of consequential choices about knowledge, persona, and collective sight. "Objectivity" is a book addressed to anyone interested in the elusive and crucial notion of objectivity - and in what it means to peer into the world scientifically.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- 9781890951788 (hbk.)
- 1890951781 (hbk.)
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