Compliant whole-body control of humanoid robots
- Taizo Yoshikawa.
- [Stanford, California] : [Stanford University], 2019.
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- Yoshikawa, Taizo, author.
- Khatib, Oussama, degree committee member.
- Stanford University. Department of Mechanical Engineering.
- A major obstacle that prevents humanoid robots from accomplishing real world tasks is their inability to physically interact with, and effectively manipulate, the most common objects generally found in human environments. Even tasks that seem simple for a human remain a significant challenge for most robots. Robots generally employ precision to perform a manipulation task. Humans, in contrast, employ compliance through tactile and force feedback to overcome their imprecision, allowing them to resolve uncertainties associated with the task. The lack of compliance and force control has been indeed a major limiting factor in the ability of robots to interact and manipulate in human environments. One of the major objectives of this research is to endow humanoid robots with whole-body compliant motion abilities. With compliance, a robot overcomes position uncertainties by moving in directions that reduce contact forces, which in turn directs it towards its goal. Whole-body framework was designed to allow the robot to compliantly interact with its environment at multiple contact points. The synthesis of compliant tasks is greatly simplified by being independent of postures and constraints, which are automatically integrated in the control hierarchy. This research focuses on the development of (I) sensor-based whole-body compliant motion primitives, (II) contact sensing and contact force control, (III) whole-body multi-contact for extended support, kneeling, crawling, leaning table, and locomotion strategy to improve support in unstructured terrains, (IV) dynamic collision-free motion planning and (V) dynamic collision-free walking path planning.
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- Submitted to the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
- Thesis Engineering Stanford University 2019.