Tear off the masks! : identity and imposture in twentieth-century Russia
- by Sheila Fitzpatrick.
- Princeton : Princeton University Press, ©2005.
- Physical description
- 1 online resource (xii, 332 pages)
- Fitzpatrick, Sheila, author.
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- List of Illustrations ix Preface and Acknowledgments xi INTRODUCTION
- 1 CHAPTER ONE: Becoming Soviet
- 3 PART I. Class Identities
- 27 CHAPTER TWO: The Bolshevik Invention of Class
- 29 CHAPTER THREE: Class Identities in NEP Society
- 51 CHAPTER FOUR: Class and Soslovie
- 71 PART II. Lives
- 89 CHAPTER FIVE: Lives under Fire
- 91 CHAPTER SIX: The Two Faces of Anastasia
- 102 CHAPTER SEVEN: Story of a Peasant Striver
- 114 CHAPTER EIGHT: Women's Lives
- 125 PART III. Appeals
- 153 CHAPTER NINE: Supplicants and Citizens
- 155 CHAPTER TEN: Patrons and Clients
- 182 PART IV. Denunciations
- 203 CHAPTER ELEVEN: Signals from Below
- 205 CHAPTER TWELVE: Wives' Tales
- 240 PART V. Impostures
- 263 CHAPTER THIRTEEN: The World of Ostap Bender
- 265 CHAPTER FOURTEEN: The Con Man as Jew
- 282 AFTERWORD
- 301 CHAPTER FIFTEEN: Becoming Post-Soviet
- 303 Selected Further reading
- 319 Index 323.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
When revolutions happen, they change the rules of everyday life - both the codified rules concerning the social and legal classifications of citizens and the unwritten rules about how individuals present themselves to others. This occurred in Russia after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, which laid the foundations of the Soviet state, and again in 1991, when that state collapsed. "Tear Off the Masks!" is about the remaking of identities in these times of upheaval. Sheila Fitzpatrick here brings together in a single volume years of distinguished work on how individuals literally constructed their autobiographies, defended them under challenge, attempted to edit the 'file-selves' created by bureaucratic identity documentation, and denounced others for 'masking' their true social identities.Marxist class-identity labels - 'worker, ' 'peasant, ' 'intelligentsia, ' 'bourgeois' - were of crucial importance to the Soviet state in the 1920s and 1930s, but it turned out that the determination of a person's class was much more complicated than anyone expected. This, in turn, left considerable scope for individual creativity and manipulation. Outright imposters, both criminal and political, also make their appearance in this book. The final chapter describes how, after decades of struggle to construct good Soviet socialist personae, Russians had to struggle to make themselves fit for the new, post-Soviet world in the 1990s - by 'de-Sovietizing' themselves. Engaging in style and replete with colorful detail and characters drawn from a wealth of sources, "Tear Off the Masks!" offers unique insight into the elusive forms of self-presentation, masking, and unmasking that made up Soviet citizenship and continue to resonate in the post-Soviet world.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Group identity > Soviet Union.
- Social classes > Soviet Union.
- Group identity > Russia (Federation)
- Social classes > Russia (Federation)
- SOCIAL SCIENCE > Discrimination & Race Relations.
- SOCIAL SCIENCE > Minority Studies.
- HISTORY > Europe > Russia & the Former Soviet Union.
- Group identity.
- Social classes.
- Russia (Federation)
- Soviet Union.
- Publication date
- 069111353X (alk. paper)
- 9780691113531 (alk. paper)
- 0691122458 (pbk. ; alk. paper)
- 9780691122458 (pbk. ; alk. paper)