Management of greywater in developing countries : alternative practices, treatment and potential for reuse and recycling
- Radin Maya Saphira Radin Mohamed, Adel Ali Saeed Al-Gheethi, Amir Hashim Mohd Kassim, editors.
- Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 
- Copyright notice
- Physical description
- xv, 263 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm.
- Water science and technology library ; v. 87.
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
|TD429 .M258 2019||Unknown|
- Includes bibliographical references.
- 1 Qualitative Characterization of Household Greywater in Developing Countries: A Comprehensive Review - Al-Gheeti AA, Mohamed RMSR, Efaq AN, M.K. Amir Hashim 1.1 Introduction1.2 Definition of Greywater1.3 Sources and Quantity of Greywater in Developing Countries1.4 Qualitative Characteristics of Household Greywater1.4.1 General Composition1.4.2 Physical Characteristics1.4.3 Chemical Characteristics18.104.22.168 Heavy Metals22.214.171.124 Organic Micro-Pollutants (OMPs) in Greywater1.4.4 Microbiological Characteristics126.96.36.199 Indicator Bacteria1.5 Conclusion1.6 References 2 Consequences of Improper Disposal of Greywater - Efaq AN, Al-Gheethi AA, Mohamed RM, AbdulSamad Hazza'a, M.K. Amir Hashim 2.1 Introduction2.2 Microbial Risks2.3 Chemical Risks2.3.1 Xenobiotic Organic Compounds (XOCs)2.3.2 Eutrophication2.3.3 Heavy Metals2.4 Regulations for Discharge of Greywater2.5 Conclusion2.6 References 3 Determination of Pathogenic Organisms in Greywater - Al-Gheethi AA, Efaq AN, Mohamed RMSR, M.K. Amir Hashim 3.1 Introduction3.2 Culture Based Methods3.2.1 Dilution and Spread Plate Procedures3.2.2 Membrane Filtration (MF) Methods3.2.3 Enriched Method3.2.4 Direct Isolation of Pathogenic Bacteria on Selective Media3.3 Non-Culture Methods3.3.1 Microscopic Detection3.3.2 Molecular Methods3.4 Pathogen Growth Potential (PGP) of Inactivated Pathogens in Treated Greywater3.5 Conclusion3.6 References 4 A Reuse of Greywater for Irrigation Purposes - Al-Gheethi AA, Mohamed RMSR, Efaq AN, M.K. Amir Hashim 4.1 Introduction4.2 Adverse Effects of Heavy Metals on Plant Growth4.3 Microbial Aspects of Reuse of Greywater in Agriculture4.4 Regulations for Reuse of Greywater in Agriculture4.5 Conclusion4.6 References 5 A Potential Reuse of Greywater in Developed and Developing Countries - Mohamed RMSR, Al-Gheethi AA, M.K. Amir Hashim, Martin Anda, Stewart Dallas5.1 Introduction5.2 Weather of Perth, Australia, and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia5.3 Residential Water Consumption in Perth5.4 Residential Water Consumption in Malaysia5.5 Water Scarcity5.5.1 Quantity Issues in Perth5.5.2 Quality Issues in Malaysia5.6 Greywater Treatment and Its Reuse Practice from a Global Perspective5.6.1 Greywater Treatment and Its Reuse Practice in Perth, Western Australia5.6.2 Greywater Treatment and Its Reuse Practice in Malaysia5.7 Greywater Treatment as a Means of Pollution Control5.8 Potential of Greywater Reuse in Malaysia5.9 Juggling the Differences in Adopting the Good Practice5.10 Institutional and Legal Issues5.11 Conclusion5.12 References 6 Management of Household Greywater (Storage and Treatment Technologies) - Al-Gheeti AA, Mohamed RMSR, Efaq AN, M.K. Amir Hashim 6.1 Introduction6.2 Storage of Greywater6.3 Treatment of Greywater6.3.1 Conventional Treatment Methods6.3.2 Constructed Wet Land System6.3.3 Membrane Reactor System6.3.4 Flocculation and Coagulation Process6.4 Conclusion6.5 References 7 Phycoremediation as a Green Technology for Removal of Nutrients from Greywater - Wurochekke AA, Mohamed RMSR, Al-Gheethi AA, Hauwa A, M.K. Amir Hashim 7.1 Introduction7.2 Phycoremediation Process7.2.1 Selection of Microalgae Species7.2.2 Factors Affecting Phycoremediation Process7.3 Removal Mechanism of Nutrients7.4 Advantages of Phycoremediation7.5 Microbiological Aspects of Phycoremediation7.6 Conclusino7.7 References 8 Bioremediation of Heavy Metals in Greywater - Al-Gheethi AA, Mohamed RMSR, Efaq AN, M.K. Amir Hashim 8.1 Introduction8.2 Chemical Removal of Heavy Metals8.3 Biological Removal of Heavy Metals8.3.1 Selection of the Most Potent Microorganisms for Removal of Heavy Metals8.3.2 Factors Affecting Heavy Metals Removal8.3.3 Removal Mechanism of Heavy Metals by Microorganism8.4 Conclusion8.5 References 9 Disinfection Technologies for Household Greywater - Al-Gheethi AA, Mohamed RMSR, Efaq AN, M.K. Amir Hashim 9.1 Introduction9.2 Chemical Disinfection Methods9.2.1 Chlorination9.2.2 Ozonation9.2.3 Natural Compounds9.3 Physical and Mechanical Disinfection Methods9.3.1 Irradiation Disinfection9.3.2 Thermal Disinfection9.3.3 Filtration System9.3.4 Solar Disinfection (SODIS)9.4 Conclusion9.5 References 10 Centralized and Decentralized Treatment Systems for Household Greywater in Rural Regions - Dilaeleyana AS, Athirah A, Mohamed RMSR, Al-Gheethi AA, M.K. Amir Hashim 10.1 Introduction10.2 Centralized Treatment Systems10.3 Decentralized Treatment Systems10.4 Advantages and Disadvantages of Centralized and Decentralized Systems10.5 Applicability of Decentralized Systems in Rural Regions10.6 Model Transport Simulation for Drainage Pollution10.6.1 Purpose of Model Transport10.6.2 Model Development of MATLAB/Simulink10.6.3 Advantages or Contribution of the Model Pollutant Transport10.7 Conclusion10.8 References 11 Recycling of Greywater for Production of Biomass and Bio-Products by Microalgae - Al-Gheethi AA, Mohamed RMSR, Efaq AN, M.K. Amir Hashim 11.1 Introduction11.2 Potential of Greywater as a Production Medium11.3 Harvesting of Biomass Yield11.3.1 Chemical Methods11.3.2. Physical Methods11.4 Extraction of Lipids and Proteins from Biomass Yield11.5 Conclusion11.6 References 12 Nanotechnology Application in Greywater Treatment - Efaq AN, Al-Gheethi AA, Mohamed RMSR, M.K. Amir Hashim 12.1 Introduction12.2 Utilization of Nanotechnology in Greywater Treatment12.3 Role of Microorganisms Used in Nanotechnology12.4 Selection of Nanomaterials12.5 Bio-Carrier System for Treatment of Greywater12.6 Conclusion12.7 References 13 Further Application of Greywater - Al-Gheeti AA, Mohamed RMSR, Efaq AN, M.K. Amir Hashim 13.1 Introduction13.2 Utilization of Greywater in Building and Construction13.3 Role of Microorganisms in Greywater in Generating Bio-Concrete13.4 Washing of Contaminated Soil by Greywater13.5 Desert Reclamation by Greywater13.6 Groundwater Recharge by Greywater13.7 Conclusion13.8 References.
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319902685 20180723
- Publisher's Summary
- This book reviews the consequences of improper disposal of greywater into the environment and the most appropriate treatment technologies for developing countries, focusing on the potential to reuse greywater as a production medium for biomass and bio-products. It also describes the quantities and qualitative characteristics, as well as the common practice of discharging greywater in developing countries, and highlights the associated health risks. Further, it compares the management of greywater in developed and developing countries and explores the advantages and disadvantages of various treatment technologies, discussing the reuse of greywater for irrigation purposes in arid and sub-arid countries, especially in the Middle East. The book shows the benefits of greywater and introduces low-cost technologies based on the available local facilities can be used to discharge, reuse, and recycle it.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319902685 20180723
- Publication date
- Copyright date
- Water science and technology library, 0921-092X ; volume 87
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