Essays on liberal norms, public opinion, and the law of war
- Jonathan A. Chu.
- [Stanford, California] : [Stanford University], 2018.
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- Chu, Jonathan A., author.
- Schultz, Kenneth A., degree supervisor.
- Tomz, Michael, degree supervisor.
- Krasner, Stephen D., 1942- degree committee member.
- Stanford University. Department of Political Science.
- Political leaders in democratic societies often invoke international institutions like the UN Security Council and the Geneva Conventions to justify their foreign policies. Motivated by this observation, the three papers within this dissertation explore whether and how international law, norms, and organizations affect public opinion on war and wartime conduct. The first two papers explore how NATO and the Security Council mobilize mass support for humanitarian wars by the United States. They jointly develop and test a novel social-cue theory for how these organizations sway citizens to approve military intervention, and in doing so, overturn the dominant wisdom in the field that focuses on materialist/legal rather than social rationales. The final paper turns to the conduct of warfare and investigates how norms of reciprocity and international humanitarian law influence opinions about the mistreatment of POWs. It finds that the American public is substantially conditional on the enemy's behavior, and that rather than eliminating reciprocity, people's knowledge of the law can enhance their willingness to endorse committing reciprocal acts humanitarian violations. These papers speak to the promises and limits of relying on international institutions in fostering legal and liberal norms in democratic societies.
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- Submitted to the Department of Political Science.
- Thesis Ph.D. Stanford University 2018.
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