Emancipation and exclusion [electronic resource] : the politics of slavery and colonization, 1787-1865
- Andrew F. Hammann.
- Physical description
- 1 online resource.
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|3781 2017 H||In-library use|
- For much of the United States' first one-hundred years, a significant and diverse array of politicians argued that the nation's black population should be removed. The most commonly recommended resettlement destination was west Africa, specifically the colony of Liberia, established by colonization advocates and black American emigrants in the early 1820s. Other recommended destinations were Haiti, locations in Central and South America, and unsettled territory in the western part of North America. Although we, in the present, might expect that the cohort of politicians who promoted this idea had limited influence, the roster included many of the nation's most prominent statesmen: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Henry Clay, Francis Scott Key, Daniel Webster, and Abraham Lincoln. These individuals, along with allies from nearly every state and territory, repeatedly asked Congress to support the cause of racial separation. My dissertation asks two fundamental questions. First, why was colonization so strongly and persistently advocated by federal politicians during the fifty years prior to slavery's abolition by the Thirteenth Amendment? Second, if colonization had such strong and persistent support, why did Congress pass so few colonization-related bills during this period, and why, in the end, was colonization not part of the final moment of abolition?.
- Publication date
- Submitted to the Department of History.
- Thesis (Ph.D.)--Stanford University, 2017.
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