Political origins of public education systems [electronic resource]
- Agustina Selvi Paglayan.
- Physical description
- 1 online resource.
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- Why do some governments provide more education than others? And why do so many education systems fail to promote student learning and reduce poverty and inequality? This volume addresses these questions by examining what motivates politicians to provide education. Using newly collected quantitative and qualitative data spanning the long history of public primary education systems in Europe, Latin America, the United States, and the rest of the world, it assesses four possible reasons why politicians may expand education systems: in response to the human capital demands of voters; in response to the job-related interests of organized teacher unions; in response to pressure from capitalists who demand a skilled workforce; or out of their own interest in nation-building. The weight of the evidence presented points to the role of nation-building as a trigger for primary education provision. In particular, I show that the civil wars, and more generally, instances of widespread internal political disorder were a crucial factor that prompted politicians to set up and expand primary education systems as a means to inculcate beliefs and behaviors that would prevent future rebellions against authority. These findings suggest that a core reason why education systems fail to promote learning and reduce poverty and inequality is because that is not what they were primarily designed to do.
- Publication date
- Submitted to the Department of Political Science.
- Thesis (Ph.D.)--Stanford University, 2017.
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