Food in the Gilded Age : what ordinary Americans ate
- Robert Dirks.
- Lanham : Rowman & Littlefield, 
- Copyright notice
- Physical description
- xvi, 209 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
- Studies in food and gastronomy.
- Dirks, Robert, 1942- author.
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 185-199) and index.
- TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE CHAPTER ONE: NUTRITION HISTORY RELATIONSHIP TO CULINARY HISTORY MEXICAN-AMERICAN DIETS IN THE RIO GRAND VALLEY METHOD AND TECHNIQUES IN EARLY DIETARIES STRUCTURE OF A DIET CHAPTER TWO: MOUNTAINEERS AND A NUTRITION TRANSITION IN APPALACHIA CROOKED CREEK FRONTIER FOOD HABITS NORTHEAST GEORGIA BACKWOODS NUTRITION MARYVILLE IMPERFECTLY SKILLED MECHANICS SOUTHERN STUDENTS THE NUTRITION TRANSITION CHAPTER THREE: AFRICAN AMERICANS AND SOUL FOODS TUSKEGEE AND THE BLACK BELT EASTERN VIRGINIA URBAN COMMUNITIES THE INSTITUTE FOR COLORED YOUTH CONTINUITIES AND DISCONTINUITIES NUTRITIONAL SUPERIORITY OF METROPOLITAN DIETS CHAPTER FOUR: RICH AND POOR AND THE SEASONALITY OF DIET UPPER AND MIDDLE-CLASS DIETS WHAT MEMBERS OF THE WORKING CLASS ATE On Chicago's West Side Around Rundown Parts of Washington, D. C. Inside the Tenements of New York City COMPARING NUTRITIONAL VALUES ANNUAL EBBS AND FLOWS The Rural South Cotton and the post-harvest dead season The pellagra season The Urban North SEASONAL HUNGER AND ITS CONSEQUENCES CHAPTER FIVE: IMMIGRANTS' DIETS EUROPEAN IMMIGRANTS Italian Americans Russian-American Jews Orthodox Diets Liberal Diets Bohemian Americans Irish Americans British Americans German Americans EATING LIKE KINGS THE NUTRITIONAL CONSEQUENCES CHAPTER SIX: CONTRASTS COLLEGE EATING CLUBS AND DINING HALLS: REGIONAL PATTERNS EATING HABITS AND GENDER The Training Table: Red Meat Barely Cooked How to be Plump FOOD CULTURES EAST AND WEST Chinese Americans French-Canadian Americans
- LIST OF TABLES Table 1.1. Nutritional Values, Mexican-American Diets, Las Cruces, Spring, 1896-1897 Table 2.1. Typical Diet at Crooked Creek, Late Summer, 1904 Table 2.2. Average Nutritional Values, Various Diets, Georgia and Tennessee, 1895-1904 Table 2.3. Typical Maryville Diet, Late Fall through Early Spring Diet, 1901-1903 Table 3.1. Typical Winter-Spring Diet, Tuskegee, 1895-1896 Table 3.2. Typical Winter Diet, Poor African Americans, Philadelphia and Washington, DC, 1892-1906 Table 3.3. Average Nutritional Values, Various African American Diets, 1895-1906 Table 4.1. Typical Fall-Winter Diet, Middle Class Households. Northeastern and Midwestern States, 1895-1897 Table 4.2. Typical January through March Diet of Poor Working-Class Families, New York City, 1897 Table 4.3. Average Nutritional Values by Class Table 5.1. Foods Commonly Part of European-American Diets about 1900 Table 5.2. Average Nutritional Values for Diets of Nine Immigrant Groups Table 5.3. Average Nutritional Values of Bohemian Diets by Length of Residence in the United States Table 5.4. Average Cost and Dietary Variety among Sets of Immigrants Table 6.1. Average Nutritional Values, Diets Associated with Strenuous Activities, 1896-1903 Table 6.2. Typical Menu for the Day, Maine Lumberjacks, Winter, 1901-1903
- LIST OF RECIPES Recipe 1.1. New Mexican Chile Salad Recipe 2.1. Apple Cobbler Recipe 2.2. Chow-Chow Recipe 3.1. Roasted Possum Recipe 3.2. Sweet Potato Puffs Recipes 4.1. Indian Puddings Recipe 4.2. Boiled Leg of Lamb in Caper Sauce Recipe 4.3. Lyonnaise Eggs Recipe 5.1. Zuppa di Fagiuoli Recipes 5.2. Borsht and Other Beet Soups Recipe 5.3. Fried Pork Tenderloin Recipes 6.1. Prune and Raisin Pies
- LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS Photo 1.1. Preparing Tortillas in Aguas Calientes, Mexico Photo 2.1. A.J. Dorsey's Cabin. Family at Breakfast Photo 2.2. Mountain Family Photo 2.3. Picnic Photo 2.4. Noon Hour Brookside Cotton Mills Photo 3.1. African American Couple Sitting in One Room Cabin near Fireplace Photo 3.2. Sixth Street Market (typical vegetable men), Richmond, Va. Photo 3.3. Hampton Institute, Va. - a graduate (dining) at home Photo 3.4. Easy Living Photo 4.1. Tea at Hostess House Photo 4.2. This Boy and Brother were Picking Discarded Fruit Out of Barrels in Market near 14th St. N.Y. City ... Photo 4.3. Woman Carrying Baskets - Salvation Army Christmas Dinner, New York Photo 5.1. Mrs. Palontona and 13 Year Old Daughter, Michaeline, Working on "Pillow-lace" in Dirty Kitchen of Their Tenement Home ... Photo 5.2. Two Jewish Girls Carrying Pots of Food for the Sabbath Photo 5.3. Remember When ... Bakery Smells Filled the Neighborhood? Photo 5.4. Mulberry St., New York, N.Y. Photo 6.1. Oxford College Dining Room Photo 6.2. Syracuse Freshmen at Dinner, Poughkeepsie Photo 6.3. Chinese Field Hands 1898 Photo 6.5. Six Cooks Wearing Aprons Stand in a Lumber Camp Dining Room ...
- (source: Nielsen Book Data)
The Gilded Age is renowned for a variety of reasons, including its culture of conspicuous consumption among the newly rich. In the domain of food, conspicuous consumption manifested itself in appetites for expensive dishes and lavish dinner parties. These received ample publicity at the time, resulting later on in well-developed historical depictions of upper-class eating habits. This book delves into the eating habits of people of lesser means. Concerning the African American community, the working class, the impoverished, immigrants, and others our historical representations have been relatively superficial. The author changes that by turning to the late nineteenth century's infant science of nutrition for a look at eating and drinking through the lens of the earliest food consumption studies conducted in the United States. These were undertaken by scientists, mostly chemists, who left their laboratories to observe food consumption in kitchens, dining rooms, and various institutional settings. Their insistence on careful measurement resulted in a substantial body of detailed reports on the eating habits of ordinary people. This work sheds new light on what most Americans were cooking and eating during the Gilded Age.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)
- Publication date
- Rowman & Littlefield studies in food and gastronomy
- 9781442245136 (cloth ; alk. paper)
- 1442245131 (cloth ; alk. paper)
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