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Book
1 online resource (586 p.).
  • Thioxanthone Photoinitiators with Heterocyclic Extended Chromophores-- Long-wavelength-sensitive Radical Photoinitiators-- Cationic Photoinitiators-- Monomeric and Polymeric Photoinitiators-- Photoinitiators for Blue to Red LED Exposures-- How to Design Novel Photoinitiators for Blue Light-- Photocatalysts as Photoinitiators-- Controlled Reversible Deactivation Radical Photopolymerization-- Photosynthesis of Polymeric Particles-- Photoinitiators in Ionic Liquids-- Photoinitiators in Dentistry: Challenges and Advances-- ZnO Nanoparticle-based Photoinitiators-- Water-soluble Photoinitiators: Present and Future-- NIR Light for Initiation of Photopolymerization-- D-p-A-type Sulfonium Salt Photoinitiators for Photopolymerizations Under Near-UV and Visible Light-emitting Diodes-- Photopolymers for Third-generation Solar Cells-- Photopolymers for Third-generation Solar Cells-- Emulsion Photopolymerization-- Conclusion.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782629627 20181015
Photoinitiating systems play a key role in the starting point of a polymerization reaction under exposure to a UV or a visible light. The number of publications discussing photoinitiating systems for polymerization has seen a significant growth in recent years and this book provides an update on their latest research developments. The book covers different types of photoinitiating systems including UV radical photoinitiators, long wavelength sensitive radical photoinitiators, cationic photoinitiators and water soluble photoinitiators as well as a chapter on how to design novel photoinitiators. The book then focusses on the applications of the photoinitiators from nanoparticles and materials to ionic liquids and solar cells. Edited by leading names in the field, the book is suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in academia and industry interested in polymer chemistry, organic chemistry, materials science and the applications of the materials.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781782629627 20181015
Book
1 online resource.
  • Preface Disclaimer Acronyms and Abbreviations 1. Outline of the Actual Situation of Plastics Compared to Conventional Materials 2. The Plastics Industry: Economic Overview 3. Basic Criteria for the Selection of Thermoplastics 4. Detailed Accounts of Thermoplastic Resins 5. Thermoplastic Processing 6. Thermoplastic Composites 7. Plastics Solutions for Practical Problems 8. Plastics Rush Into Digitalization Through Industry 4.0 9. Future Prospects for Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composites Glossary Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081025017 20180813
Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composites, Third Edition bridges the technology and business aspects of thermoplastics, providing a guide designed to help engineers working in real-world industrial settings. The author explores the criteria for material selection, provides a detailed guide to each family of thermoplastics, and explains the various processing options for each material type. More than 30 families of thermoplastics are described with information on their advantages and drawbacks, special grades, prices, transformation processes, applications, thermal behavior, technological properties (tenacity, friction, dimensional stability), durability (ageing, creep, fatigue), chemical and fire behavior, electrical properties, and joining possibilities. In this third edition, standards and costs have been updated for all materials, and more information on topics such as bioplastics, 3D printing and recycling have been added. In addition, an entirely new chapter on the concept of `Industry 4.0' has been added, with guidance and suggestions on the incorporation of virtualization, connectivity, and automation into the plastics engineering process to reduce materials and processing failure.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780081025017 20180813
Book
1 online resource : illustrations
Glycerol: The Renewable Platform Chemical provides a valuable overview of the glycerol market, including industrial applications and sustainable production of glycerol. Replacing previous works on the subject, this useful resource describes glycerol, also known as glycerine, and its chemical derivatives, especially the new bioglycerol-derived products. The monograph also discusses how the industrial use of glycerol as raw material for producing commodity chemicals depends on broader scope and lower cost of the catalytic process used to convert glycerol of varying purity grades into valued monomers. New chapters on glycerol polymers, the use of glycerol as antifreeze, and its sustainable production offer relevant information for researchers and professionals from academics and industry alike. The book features new processes, such as low cost and biocompatible glycerol polymers as a major alternative to the conventional polymers, with the first practical applications now emerging in the biomedical and patient care markets. The book offers both a source of inspiration for new projects and a reliable source of information on how glycerol is replacing petrochemicals in many real world applications.
Book
1 online resource.
  • 1. Polyurethanes: Structure, Properties, Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications Arunima Reghunadhan and Sabu Thomas2. Blends and Interpenetrating Polymer Networks Based on Polyurethane Polymers With Natural and Synthetic Rubbers Mehar A. Minnath and Etathil Purushothaman3. Blends and IPNs of Polyurethane Polymers with Thermosetting PolymersSunan Tiptipakorn and Sarawut Rimdusit 4. Role of Nanofillers in Polyurethane Based Blends and Interpenetration NetworksYao Tong and Mo Song 5. Polyurethane Ionic Blends as the Electrically Conductive Coatings Piotr Krol, BoË zena Krol, Marek Zenker and Jan Subocz6. Blends and IPNs of Polyurethane Polymers With Block Copolymers Thomas E. Muller7. Nonisocyanate Polyurethanes Marcin Wloch and Janusz Datta8. Conducting Polyurethane Blends: Recent Advances and Perspectives Raghvendra K. Mishra, Jiji Abraham, Nandakumar Kalarikkal, Karingamanna Jayanarayanan, Kuruvilla Joseph and Sabu Thomas9. Electrospun Polyurethane Nanofibrous Mats for Wound Dressing Applications Afeesh R. Unnithan, Arathyram R.K. Sasikala, Chan H. Park and Cheol S. Kim10. Poly(urethane-methacrylate) Copolymers Prepared by the Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Methods as a New Material for Hydrophobic Coatings Pawel Chmielarz and Piotr Krol11. Ageing Behavior of Polyurethane Based Blends and Interpenetrating Polymer NetworksAlpesh U. Vala, Ajay V. Rane, Krishnan Kanny, Vayyaprontavida K. Abitha and Sabu Thomas 12. Poly(urethane-siloxane) Copolymers as New Coating MaterialsLukasz Byczynski 13. Polyurethane Blends for Powder Clear CoatingsBarbara Pilch-Pitera14. Recycling of Polyurethanes Janusz Datta and Marcin Wloch15. Application of Blends and Polyurethane Interpenetrating Polymer Networks Sainath Ashok Jadhav, Ajay V. Rane, Krishnan Kanny, Saket S. Mulge, Vayyaprontavida K. Abitha and Sabu Thomas16. Mechanical and Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Polyurethane Blends and Interpenetrating Polymer Networks Nikesh Samarth, Vinayak Kamble, Ajay V. Rane, Vayyaprontavida K. Abitha, Omdeo Gohatre and Krishnan KannyIndex.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128040393 20171017
Polyurethane Polymers: Blends and Interpenetrating Networks deals with almost all aspects of blends and IPNs formed by polyurethane, including the thermal, mechanical, morphological, and viscoelastic properties of each blend presented in the book. In addition, major applications related to these blends and IPNs are mentioned.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780128040393 20171017
Book
1 online resource.
  • Cover; Contents; Preface; Chapter 1 Synthetic Aspects of Peptide- and Protein-Polymer Conjugates in the Post-click Era; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 General Concepts for Bioconjugation; 1.3 Chemical Synthesis of Peptide- and Protein-Polymer Conjugates; 1.3.1 Coupling with Amines; 1.3.2 Coupling with Thiols; 1.3.3 Chemical Ligation by Oxime/Hydrazone Formation; 1.3.4 Staudinger Ligation; 1.3.5 Azide-Alkyne Cycloaddition; 1.3.6 Diels-Alder (DA) Cycloaddition Reactions; 1.3.7 Chemistry with 1,2,4-Triazoline-3,5-diones (TAD); 1.4 Chemoenzymatic Approaches
  • 1.4.1 Transglutaminase (TGase) Catalyzed Ligation1.4.2 Sortase (Srt)-mediated Ligation; 1.4.3 Enzyme-induced Functional Group Modifications; 1.5 Biotransformations; 1.6 Conclusions and Future Perspectives; References; Chapter 2 Glycopolymers; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Synthesis of Glycopolymers; 2.2.1 Synthesis of Glycopolymers via Glycomonomers; 2.2.2 Synthesis of Glycopolymers via Post-polymerization Strategies; 2.2.3 Synthesis of Glyco- and Block Copolymers; 2.3 Analyzing Glycopolymers; 2.3.1 Multivalent Binding of Glycopolymers; 2.3.2 Binding Studies of Glycopolymers Targeting Lectins
  • 2.4 Biomedical and Biotechnological Applications of Glycopolymers2.5 Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 3 Synthesis of Non-natural Polymers with Controlled Primary Structures; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Sequence-controlled Polymers Prepared by Chain-growth Polymerization; 3.2.1 Anionic Polymerization; 3.2.2 Cationic Polymerization; 3.2.3 Controlled Radical Polymerization; 3.2.4 Ring-opening Polymerization; 3.2.5 Ring-opening Metathesis Polymerization; 3.3 Sequence-controlled Polymers Prepared by Step-growth Polymerization; 3.3.1 Acyclic Diene Metathesis Polymerization
  • 3.3.2 Click Step-growth Polymerization3.3.3 Other Step-growth Approaches; 3.3.4 Multicomponent Reactions; 3.4 Sequence-controlled Polymers Prepared by Multi-step-growth Polymerization; 3.4.1 Conventional Iterative Synthesis; 3.4.2 Protecting-group-free Iterative Synthesis; 3.4.3 Successive Radical Insertion; 3.4.4 Convergent and Divergent Strategies; 3.5 Use of Templates and Catalytic Molecular Machines; 3.5.1 Template-assisted Sequence-controlled Polymerization; 3.5.2 Rotaxane-based Catalytic Machines; 3.6 Outlook; References; Chapter 4 Single-chain Nanoparticles; 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Synthesis of SCNPs4.2.1 Covalent Cross-linking Reactions; 4.2.2 Dynamic Covalent Chemistry; 4.2.3 Non-covalent Chemistry; 4.2.4 Multiple Intra-chain Interactions; 4.2.5 Outlook; 4.3 Characterization of SCNPs; 4.3.1 Size Exclusion Chromatography; 4.3.2 Light Scattering; 4.3.3 Viscometry; 4.3.4 NMR Spectroscopy; 4.3.5 Characterizing the Morphology of SCNPs; 4.4 Potential Applications; 4.4.1 Catalysis; 4.4.2 Nano-medicine; 4.4.3 Chemical Sensors; 4.4.4 Self-assembly; 4.5 Summary and Outlook; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 5 Polymeric Tubular Structures
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • Bio-inspiration
Many key aspects of life are based on naturally occurring polymers, such as polysaccharides, proteins and DNA. Unsurprisingly, their molecular functionalities, macromolecular structures and material properties are providing inspiration for designing new polymeric materials with specific functions, for example, responsive, adaptive and self-healing materials.Bio-inspired Polymers covers all aspects of the subject, ranging from the synthesis of novel polymers, to structure-property relationships, materials with advanced properties and applications of bio-inspired polymers in such diverse fields as drug delivery, tissue engineering, optical materials and lightweight structural materials.Written and edited by leading experts on the topic, the book provides a comprehensive review and essential graduate level text on bio-inspired polymers for biochemists, materials scientists and chemists working in both industry and academia.
Book
1 online resource
  • 1. Plastics Materials: Introduction and Historical Development 2. The Chemical Nature of Plastics Polymerization 3. States of Aggregation in Polymers 4. Relation of Structure to Thermal and Mechanical Properties 5. Relation of Structure to Chemical Properties 6. Relation of Structure to Electrical and Optical Properties 7. Additives for Plastics 8. Fillers (Including Fiber Reinforcements) 9. Processing, Design, and Performance of Plastics Products 10. Polyethylene 11. Polypropylene and Other Polyolefins 12. Plastics Based on Styrene 13. Poly(Vinyl Chloride) 14. Fluorine-Containing Polymers 15. Miscellaneous Vinyl Thermoplastics 16. Acrylic Plastics 17. Polycarbonates 18. Aliphatic Polyamides 19. Polyacetals 20. Thermoplastic Polyesters 21. High-Temperature Engineering Thermoplastics 22. Cellulose Plastics 23. Bioplastics: New Routes, New Products 24. Thermoplastic Elastomers 25. Aldehyde Polymers: Phenolics and Aminoplastics 26. Unsaturated Polyester Resins 27. Epoxy Resins 28. Isocyanate-Based Polymers: Polyurethanes, Polyureas, Polyisocyanurates, and their Copolymers.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780323358248 20180521
Brydson's Plastics Materials, Eighth Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the commercially available plastics materials that bridge the gap between theory and practice. The book enables scientists to understand the commercial implications of their work and provides engineers with essential theory. Since the previous edition, many developments have taken place in plastics materials, such as the growth in the commercial use of sustainable bioplastics, so this book brings the user fully up-to-date with the latest materials, references, units, and figures that have all been thoroughly updated. The book remains the authoritiative resource for engineers, suppliers, researchers, materials scientists, and academics in the field of polymers, including current best practice, processing, and material selection information and health and safety guidance, along with discussions of sustainability and the commercial importance of various plastics and additives, including nanofillers and graphene as property modifiers. With a 50 year history as the principal reference in the field of plastics material, and fully updated by an expert team of polymer scientists and engineers, this book is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in this field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780323358248 20180521
Book
1 online resource
  • 1. Plastics Materials: Introduction and Historical Development 2. The Chemical Nature of Plastics Polymerization 3. States of Aggregation in Polymers 4. Relation of Structure to Thermal and Mechanical Properties 5. Relation of Structure to Chemical Properties 6. Relation of Structure to Electrical and Optical Properties 7. Additives for Plastics 8. Fillers (Including Fiber Reinforcements) 9. Processing, Design, and Performance of Plastics Products 10. Polyethylene 11. Polypropylene and Other Polyolefins 12. Plastics Based on Styrene 13. Poly(Vinyl Chloride) 14. Fluorine-Containing Polymers 15. Miscellaneous Vinyl Thermoplastics 16. Acrylic Plastics 17. Polycarbonates 18. Aliphatic Polyamides 19. Polyacetals 20. Thermoplastic Polyesters 21. High-Temperature Engineering Thermoplastics 22. Cellulose Plastics 23. Bioplastics: New Routes, New Products 24. Thermoplastic Elastomers 25. Aldehyde Polymers: Phenolics and Aminoplastics 26. Unsaturated Polyester Resins 27. Epoxy Resins 28. Isocyanate-Based Polymers: Polyurethanes, Polyureas, Polyisocyanurates, and their Copolymers.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780323358248 20180521
Brydson's Plastics Materials, Eighth Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the commercially available plastics materials that bridge the gap between theory and practice. The book enables scientists to understand the commercial implications of their work and provides engineers with essential theory. Since the previous edition, many developments have taken place in plastics materials, such as the growth in the commercial use of sustainable bioplastics, so this book brings the user fully up-to-date with the latest materials, references, units, and figures that have all been thoroughly updated. The book remains the authoritiative resource for engineers, suppliers, researchers, materials scientists, and academics in the field of polymers, including current best practice, processing, and material selection information and health and safety guidance, along with discussions of sustainability and the commercial importance of various plastics and additives, including nanofillers and graphene as property modifiers. With a 50 year history as the principal reference in the field of plastics material, and fully updated by an expert team of polymer scientists and engineers, this book is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in this field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780323358248 20180521
Book
1 online resource.
  • Cover; Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Contents; List of Contributors; Preface; Acknowledgments; 1
  • Introduction to Multifunctionality and Manufacture; 1.1
  • Introduction to Multifunctionality and Manufacture; 1.2
  • Plastic Processing Routes; 1.2.1
  • Extrusion-Based Processes; 1.2.1.1
  • Single and Twin Screw Extrusion; 1.2.1.2
  • Sheet and Film Extrusion; 1.2.1.3
  • Film Blowing; 1.2.1.4
  • Cast Extrusion; 1.2.1.5
  • Blow Molding; 1.2.1.5.1
  • Extrusion Blow Molding; 1.2.1.5.2
  • Coextrusion Blow Molding; 1.2.1.5.3
  • Injection Blow Molding; 1.2.1.5.4
  • Stretch Blow Molding
  • 1.2.2
  • Nonextrusion-Based Processes1.2.2.1
  • Thermoforming; 1.2.2.2
  • Lamination; 1.2.2.3
  • Roto-Molding; 1.2.2.4
  • Low-Volume Composite Manufacture; 1.3
  • Limitations; 1.4
  • Example Application; 1.4.1
  • Creating Touch Screen Displays Using In-Mold Labeling (IML); 1.5
  • Conclusions; References; 2
  • Materials and Deposition Processes for Multifunctionality; 2.1
  • Materials; 2.1.1
  • Introduction; 2.1.2
  • Electrical Conductivity; 2.1.2.1
  • Intrinsically Conductive Polymers; 2.1.2.2
  • Extrinsically Conductive Polymers; 2.1.2.2.1
  • Metallic Fillers; 2.1.2.2.2
  • Carbon-Based Fillers
  • 2.1.2.3
  • Example Application: Injection Molding to Form Conductive Tracks2.1.3
  • Thermally Conductive Materials; 2.1.4
  • Antimicrobial Materials; 2.1.5
  • Magnetic Materials; 2.1.5.1
  • Ferrites; 2.1.5.2
  • Others; 2.1.6
  • Shape-Memory Polymers; 2.1.7
  • Not Just Polymers! A Brief Introduction to Ceramics; 2.2
  • Film-Forming Processes; 2.2.1
  • Introduction; 2.2.2
  • Vacuum Deposition; 2.2.3
  • Screen Printing; 2.2.4
  • Doctor Blading; 2.2.5
  • Slot-Die Coating; 2.2.6
  • Gravure Coating; 2.2.7
  • Spray Coating; 2.2.8
  • Inkjet Printing; 2.2.8.1
  • Continuous (CIJ); 2.2.8.2
  • Drop-on-Demand; 2.3
  • Sensors
  • 2.4
  • ConclusionsReferences; 3
  • Composites: Manufacture and Application; 3.1
  • Introduction; 3.2
  • Materials; 3.2.1
  • Matrix; 3.2.2
  • Reinforcement; 3.2.2.1
  • Glass Fibers; 3.2.2.2
  • Carbon Fibers; 3.2.2.3
  • Aramid Fibers; 3.2.2.4
  • Basalt Fibers; 3.2.2.5
  • Boron Fibers; 3.2.2.6
  • Natural Fibers; 3.2.2.7
  • Self-Reinforced Polymers; 3.2.3
  • Composite Materials; 3.3
  • Processing; 3.3.1
  • Hand Lay-Up; 3.3.2
  • Spray Lay-Up; 3.3.3
  • Vacuum Bagging; 3.3.4
  • Resin Infusion; 3.3.5
  • Resin Transfer Molding (RTM); 3.3.6
  • Compression Molding; 3.3.7
  • Stamp Forming; 3.3.8
  • Automated Cutting And AFP
  • 3.3.9
  • Autoclave3.3.10
  • Out of Autoclave (OoA); 3.3.11
  • Injection Molding; 3.3.12
  • Extrusion; 3.3.13
  • Pultrusion; 3.3.14
  • Filament Winding; 3.4
  • Composite Properties and Markets; 3.4.1
  • Bulk Properties; 3.4.2
  • Composite Market; 3.4.2.1
  • Global and European Composites Market; 3.4.2.2
  • UK Composite Market; 3.4.2.3
  • Applications; 3.5
  • Research Trends in PMCs; 3.5.1
  • Raw Material and Processing; 3.5.2
  • Hybrid Composites; 3.5.3
  • Green and Biocomposites; 3.5.4
  • Joining; 3.5.5
  • Recycling; 3.5.6
  • Multifunctionality; 3.5.6.1
  • Sensing
  • 3.5.6.2
  • Encapsulated Resin/Accelerator
  • no External Stimulus Required
Design and Manufacture of Plastic Components for Multifunctionality: Structural Composites, Injection Molding, and 3D Printing presents the latest information on how plastics manufacturers are increasingly being driven towards carbon emission reduction, lightweighting, and cost savings through process integration. These technologies have the potential to revolutionize future products with built-in functionality such as sensors, smart packaging, and damage detection technology for everything from milk bottles and salad packaging to automotive bumpers and plane fuselages. This book introduces the three core manufacturing methods for multifunctional materials, composites, injection molding, and 3D printing, all processes facing challenges for the implementation of new technology. Users will find a book that brings together both process and material advances in this area, giving process engineers, designers, and manufacturers the information they need to choose the appropriate material and process for the product they are developing. * Provides an introduction to the latest technologies in the area of multifunctionality, enabling engineers to implement new breakthroughs in their own businesses* Gives an understanding of the processes that need to be considered in both design and manufacture of future devices, while using materials from a broader palette than used in existing manufacturing processes* Includes best practice guidance and flow charts to aid in material and process selection* Covers revolutionary future products with built-in functionality such as sensors, smart packaging, and damage detection technology for everything from milk bottles and salad packaging to automotive bumpers and plane fuselages.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780323340618 20161003
Book
1 online resource.
  • Cover; Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Contents; List of Contributors; Preface; Acknowledgments; 1
  • Introduction to Multifunctionality and Manufacture; 1.1
  • Introduction to Multifunctionality and Manufacture; 1.2
  • Plastic Processing Routes; 1.2.1
  • Extrusion-Based Processes; 1.2.1.1
  • Single and Twin Screw Extrusion; 1.2.1.2
  • Sheet and Film Extrusion; 1.2.1.3
  • Film Blowing; 1.2.1.4
  • Cast Extrusion; 1.2.1.5
  • Blow Molding; 1.2.1.5.1
  • Extrusion Blow Molding; 1.2.1.5.2
  • Coextrusion Blow Molding; 1.2.1.5.3
  • Injection Blow Molding; 1.2.1.5.4
  • Stretch Blow Molding
  • 1.2.2
  • Nonextrusion-Based Processes1.2.2.1
  • Thermoforming; 1.2.2.2
  • Lamination; 1.2.2.3
  • Roto-Molding; 1.2.2.4
  • Low-Volume Composite Manufacture; 1.3
  • Limitations; 1.4
  • Example Application; 1.4.1
  • Creating Touch Screen Displays Using In-Mold Labeling (IML); 1.5
  • Conclusions; References; 2
  • Materials and Deposition Processes for Multifunctionality; 2.1
  • Materials; 2.1.1
  • Introduction; 2.1.2
  • Electrical Conductivity; 2.1.2.1
  • Intrinsically Conductive Polymers; 2.1.2.2
  • Extrinsically Conductive Polymers; 2.1.2.2.1
  • Metallic Fillers; 2.1.2.2.2
  • Carbon-Based Fillers
  • 2.1.2.3
  • Example Application: Injection Molding to Form Conductive Tracks2.1.3
  • Thermally Conductive Materials; 2.1.4
  • Antimicrobial Materials; 2.1.5
  • Magnetic Materials; 2.1.5.1
  • Ferrites; 2.1.5.2
  • Others; 2.1.6
  • Shape-Memory Polymers; 2.1.7
  • Not Just Polymers! A Brief Introduction to Ceramics; 2.2
  • Film-Forming Processes; 2.2.1
  • Introduction; 2.2.2
  • Vacuum Deposition; 2.2.3
  • Screen Printing; 2.2.4
  • Doctor Blading; 2.2.5
  • Slot-Die Coating; 2.2.6
  • Gravure Coating; 2.2.7
  • Spray Coating; 2.2.8
  • Inkjet Printing; 2.2.8.1
  • Continuous (CIJ); 2.2.8.2
  • Drop-on-Demand; 2.3
  • Sensors
  • 2.4
  • ConclusionsReferences; 3
  • Composites: Manufacture and Application; 3.1
  • Introduction; 3.2
  • Materials; 3.2.1
  • Matrix; 3.2.2
  • Reinforcement; 3.2.2.1
  • Glass Fibers; 3.2.2.2
  • Carbon Fibers; 3.2.2.3
  • Aramid Fibers; 3.2.2.4
  • Basalt Fibers; 3.2.2.5
  • Boron Fibers; 3.2.2.6
  • Natural Fibers; 3.2.2.7
  • Self-Reinforced Polymers; 3.2.3
  • Composite Materials; 3.3
  • Processing; 3.3.1
  • Hand Lay-Up; 3.3.2
  • Spray Lay-Up; 3.3.3
  • Vacuum Bagging; 3.3.4
  • Resin Infusion; 3.3.5
  • Resin Transfer Molding (RTM); 3.3.6
  • Compression Molding; 3.3.7
  • Stamp Forming; 3.3.8
  • Automated Cutting And AFP
  • 3.3.9
  • Autoclave3.3.10
  • Out of Autoclave (OoA); 3.3.11
  • Injection Molding; 3.3.12
  • Extrusion; 3.3.13
  • Pultrusion; 3.3.14
  • Filament Winding; 3.4
  • Composite Properties and Markets; 3.4.1
  • Bulk Properties; 3.4.2
  • Composite Market; 3.4.2.1
  • Global and European Composites Market; 3.4.2.2
  • UK Composite Market; 3.4.2.3
  • Applications; 3.5
  • Research Trends in PMCs; 3.5.1
  • Raw Material and Processing; 3.5.2
  • Hybrid Composites; 3.5.3
  • Green and Biocomposites; 3.5.4
  • Joining; 3.5.5
  • Recycling; 3.5.6
  • Multifunctionality; 3.5.6.1
  • Sensing
  • 3.5.6.2
  • Encapsulated Resin/Accelerator
  • no External Stimulus Required
Design and Manufacture of Plastic Components for Multifunctionality: Structural Composites, Injection Molding, and 3D Printing presents the latest information on how plastics manufacturers are increasingly being driven towards carbon emission reduction, lightweighting, and cost savings through process integration. These technologies have the potential to revolutionize future products with built-in functionality such as sensors, smart packaging, and damage detection technology for everything from milk bottles and salad packaging to automotive bumpers and plane fuselages. This book introduces the three core manufacturing methods for multifunctional materials, composites, injection molding, and 3D printing, all processes facing challenges for the implementation of new technology. Users will find a book that brings together both process and material advances in this area, giving process engineers, designers, and manufacturers the information they need to choose the appropriate material and process for the product they are developing. * Provides an introduction to the latest technologies in the area of multifunctionality, enabling engineers to implement new breakthroughs in their own businesses* Gives an understanding of the processes that need to be considered in both design and manufacture of future devices, while using materials from a broader palette than used in existing manufacturing processes* Includes best practice guidance and flow charts to aid in material and process selection* Covers revolutionary future products with built-in functionality such as sensors, smart packaging, and damage detection technology for everything from milk bottles and salad packaging to automotive bumpers and plane fuselages.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780323340618 20160619
Book
1 online resource.
  • Introduction.- Polyolefins - the history and economic impact.- Olefin Polymerization.- Processing Techniques for Polyolefins.- Polyolefin Blends.- Polyolefin Composites and Nano-Composites.- Polyolefin in the Packaging and Food Industry.- Polyolefin Adhesion Modifications.- Polyolefins in Textiles and Non-wovens.- Biomedical Applications of Polyolefins.- Polyolefins in Automotive Industry.- Polyolefins: From Thermal and Oxidative Degradation to Ignition and Burning.- Recycling of Polyolefin Materials.- Oxo-biodegradable Plastics: What They Are and To What They Serve - Present Status and Future Perspectives.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319259802 20160619
This book describes industrial applications of polyolefins from the researchers' perspective. Polyolefins constitute today arguably the most important class of polymers and polymeric materials for widespread industrial applications. This book summarizes the present state of the art. Starting from fundamental aspects, such as the polymerization techniques to synthesize polyolefins, the book introduces the topic. Basic knowledge about polyolefin composites and blends is explained, before applications aspects in different industry sectors are discussed. The spectrum comprises a wide range of applications and industry sectors, such as the packaging and food industry, the textile industry, automotive and buildings, and even biomedical applications. Topics, which are addressed in the various chapters, comprise synthesis and processing of the materials; their classification; mechanical, physical and technical requirements and properties; their characterization; and many more. In the end of the book, even the disposal, degradation and recycling of polyolefins are addressed, and light is shed on their commercial significance and economic value. In this way, the book follows the entire 'lifetime' of polyolefin compounds and materials: from their synthesis and processing, over applications, to the recycling and reuse of disposed or degraded polyolefin substrates.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319259802 20160619
Book
1 online resource.
  • Introduction.- Graphene for DNA Biosensing.- Graphene for Amino Acid, Peptide, Protein and Enzyme Detection.- Graphene for Glucose, Dopamine, Ascorbic Acid and Uric Acid Detection.- Graphene for Detetion of Adenosine Triphosphate, Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide, Other Molecules, Gas and Ions.- Graphene in Drug Delivery, Cellular Imaging, Bacteria Inhibition, Versatile Targets Bioassays.- Conclusions and Perspectives.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783662456941 20160618
This book highlights the latest advances in the use of graphene and bio-compatible-material-decorated graphene to detect various targets (e.g. DNA, RNA, amino acids, peptides, proteins, enzymes, antigens, glucose, DA, AA, UA, ATP, NADH, gas, ions, etc.). It focuses on the specific interaction of these substances with graphene (or modified graphene) and the efficient transduction of the target recognition event into detectable signals via various techniques. Particular emphasis is given to well-designed strategies for constructing graphene-based platforms and target determination. It also covers other bio-analytical applications including cellular imaging, drug delivery and bacteria inhibition, before turning to a discussion of future challenges and prospects of graphene in bio-analytical applications. This book is intended for researchers working in the fields of analytical chemistry, nanomaterials and biomedical engineering. Li Niu is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783662456941 20160618
Book
1 online resource.
Biopolymers: Applications and Trends provides an up-to-date summary of the varying market applications of biopolymers characterized by biodegradability and sustainability. It includes tables with the commercial names and properties of each biopolymer family, along with biopolymers for each marketing segment, not only presenting all the major market players, but also highlighting trends and new developments in products. The book includes a thorough breakdown of the vast range of application areas, including medical and pharmaceutical, packaging, construction, automotive, and many more, giving engineers critical materials information in an area which has traditionally been more limited than conventional polymers. In addition, the book uses recent patent information to convey the latest applications and techniques in the area, thus further illustrating the rapid pace of development and need for intellectual property for companies working on new and innovative products.
Book
1 online resource : illustrations (some color)
Demystifying Explosives: Concepts in High Energy Materials explains the basic concepts of and the science behind the entire spectrum of high energy materials (HEMs) and gives a broad perspective about all types of HEMs and their interrelationships. Demystifying Explosives covers topics ranging from explosives, deflagration, detonation, and pyrotechnics to safety and security aspects of HEMS, looking at their aspects, particularly their inter-relatedness with respect to properties and performance. The book explains concepts related to the molecular structure of HEMs, their properties, performance parameters, detonation and shock waves including explosives and propellants. The theory-based title also deals with important (safety and security) and interesting (constructive applications) aspects connected with HEMs and is of fundamental use to students in their introduction to these materials and applications.
Book
1 online resource : illustrations (some color)
Book
1 online resource : illustrations.
Volume 1 of a 3 Volume set. Harry's Cosmeticology, the most popular cosmetic technical book of all time, is updated by Meyer R. Rosen, FRSC, FAIC, together with over 150 international experts in the essential fundamentals, advanced and frontier areas of cosmetics and personal care science and technology. - Part 1 In The Beginning - - Part 1.1 Marketing Concepts to Empower Technical People - - Part 1.2 Creating the Right Fragrance for Your Personal Care Product - - Part 1.3 Fragrance Packaging Design: A Multi-Sensory Experience from Concept to Consumer - - Part 1.4 Understanding the Value of Molecular Cell Biology and Gene Analysis for the Next Generation of Cosmetic Products - - Part 2 Regulatory - - Part 2.1 Regulatory Requirements, Intellectual Property and Achieving Global Market Success for Cosmetic Products - - Part 2.2 An Overview of the Changing Regulatory Landscape in the U.S and the E.U. and how to Deal with them - - Part 2.3.1 Achieving Global Market Access: focus on Russia - - Part 2.3.2 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA): Cosmetics and Perfumery Products: Market Access and Regulations - - Part 2.3.3 Achieving Global Market Access: focus on China - - Part 2.3.4 Nanomaterials in Cosmetics: Regulatory and Safety Considerations - - Part 2.4 Intellectual Property (IP) Issues: Patents and Trade Secrets - - Part 3 The Substrates - - Part 3.2.1 Classification Scale for Skin Complexions Around the World - - Part 3.2.2 Dermatologic Disorders in Skin of Color - - Part 3.2.3 Asian Ethnic Skin: Specialty Corrective Cosmeceuticals for Asian Ethnic Skin Care - - Part 3.2.4 Compromised Skin in the Elderly - - Part 3.3.0 The Hair - - Part 3.3.1 An Overview of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Hair and their relation to Cosmetic Needs, Performance and Properties - - Part 3.3.2 An Overview of Hair Follicle Anatomy and Biology - - Part 3.3.3 Hair Aging: Fundamentals, Protection and Repair - - Part 3.3.4 Mechanisms of Changes in Hair Shape - Part 3.3.5 Eyelashes: Anatomy and Conditioners for Increasing Length and Fullness/Thickness - - Part 3.4 The Nails - - Part 3.5 The Nose - - Part 3.6.1 The Mouth and Oral Care - - Part 3.7 Lip Skin: Structure and Function - - Part 3.8 Feminine Rejuvenation -.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780820601762 20161010
Book
1 online resource.
  • Monolayer Graphene on a hBN Underlay.- Optical Absorption in Graphene-hBN Heterostructures.- Fractal Spectrum of Magnetic Minibands in Graphene-hBN Heterostructures.- Experimental Realisation of the Graphene-hBN Heterostructure.- Bilayer Graphene on hBN.- Monolayer Graphene with Almost Commensurate 3 x 3 Hexagonal Crystals.- Resonant Tunnelling in Graphene-Insulator-Graphene Heterostructures.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319077215 20160613
The last decade has witnessed the discovery of, and dramatic progress in understanding the physics of graphene and related two-dimensional materials. The development of methods for manufacturing and aligning high-quality two-dimensional crystals has facilitated the creation of a new generation of materials: the heterostructures of graphene with hexagonal crystals, in which the graphene electrons acquire new, qualitatively different properties. This thesis provides a comprehensive theoretical framework in which to understand these heterostructures, based on the tight binding model, perturbation theory, group theory and the concept of the moire superlattice (all of which are elucidated). It explains how graphene heterostructures provide new opportunities for tailoring band structure, such as creating additional Dirac points or opening band gaps and how they manifest themselves in transport measurements, optical absorption spectra and the fractal Hofstadter spectra. Also considered are the heterostructures of bilayer graphene and resonant tunneling in aligned graphene/insulator/graphene devices.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783319077215 20160613
Book
1 online resource (xi, 335 p.) : ill.
  • Preface. 1. Introduction. 2. Basics of thermoforming and thermoplastics. 3. Production of semi - finished products, Extrusion and Coextrusion. 4. Introduction Technical parts. 5. Antenna Manufacturing. 6. Fueltank. 7. Automotive body and commercial vehicles applications. 8. Production of refrigerator liners. 9. Paintreplacement in automative applications, chrome optics. 10. Engine air intake PA 6 GF 15. 11. Sanitary equipment. 12. Thermoforming and milling of large parts. 13. Changeover sheet machines. 14. Chrome parts. 15. Applications in aircraft and mass transportation. 16. High quality and fully transparent products. 17. Multi - Deco - Molding. 18. Parts made form ABS + PA. 19. Softfeel. 20. Introduction Packaging. 21. A Method of optimizing a thermoforming process. 22. Analysis of thermoforming film and thermoforming results. 23. Automated packaging. 24. Production of flower pots. 25. Steelrule die punching. 26. Creation of anglehair in steel rule die punching. 27. Production of meat trays. 28. Multilayer Films in thermoforming applications. 29. PET in Thermoforming applications. 30. Thermoformed Packaging made of PLA. 31. Peel und Reseal. 32. Foampackaging PP and PS. 33. Blisterpackaging of Syringes. 34. Production of drinking cups. 35. Ultrasonic sealing and cutting in Thermoforming. 36. Understanding the brittle behavior of PS cups. 37. Pre - printed sheet for lid thermoforming. 38. Flexible Film. 39. Simulation. 40. Recycling. 41. Explanation. Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118207086 20160610
This guide gives an overview and insight into the advanced technology of thermoforming, discussing different processes and applications. It reveals the possibilities of thermoforming from forming, filling, and sealing processes, to using thermoforming technology for cost saving purposes and maximum efficiency. Its coverage addresses the simulation of formed parts as well as applications of technical parts and packaging. The reader is guided through the path of development, design, machine and mold technology and production, as well as the latest innovations, from thermoformed bottles to fully automated assembly lines.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118207086 20160610
dx.doi.org Wiley Online Library
Book
1 online resource (1 v.)
  • INTRODUCTION TO PYROLANTS HISTORY Organometallic Beginning Explosive & Obscurant Properties Rise of Fluorocarbons Rockets Fired Against Aircraft Metal/Fluorocarbon Pyrolants PROPERTIES OF FLUOROCARBONS Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) Polycarbon Monofluoride (PMF) Vinylidene Fluoride - Hexafluoropropene Copolymer Vinylidene Fluoride - Chlorotrifluoroethylene Copolymer Copolymer of TFE and VDF Terpolymers of FE, HFP and VDF Summary of Chemical and Physical Properties of Common Fluoropolymers THERMOCHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF METALS AND THEIR FLUORIDES REACTIVITY AND THERMOCHEMISTRY OF SELECTED METAL/FLUORCARBON SYSTEMS Lithium Magnesium Titanium Zirconium Hafnium Niob Tantalum Zinc Cadmium Boron Aluminium Silicon Calcium Silicide Tin IGNITION AND COMBUSTION MECHANISM OF MTV Ignition and Pre-Ignition of Metal/Fluorocarbon Pyrolants Magnesium-Grignard Hypothesis IGNITION OF MTV COMBUSTION Magnesium/Teflon/Viton Porosity Burn Rate Description Combustion of Metal-Fluorocarbon Pyrolants with Fuels Other than Magnesium Underwater Combustion SPECTROSCOPY Introduction UV-VIS Spectra MWIR Spectra Temperature Determination INFRARED EMITTERS Decoy Flares Nonexpendable Flares Metal-Fluorocarbon Flare Combustion Flames as Sources of Radiation Infrared Compositions Operational Effects Outlook OBSCURANTS Introduction Metal-Fluorocarbon Reactions in Aerosol Generation IGNITERS INCENDIARIES, AGENT DEFEAT, REACTIVE FRAGMENTS AND DETONATION PHENOMENA Incendiaries Curable Fluorocarbon Resin-Based Compositions Document Destruction Agent Defeat Reactive Fragments Shockwave Loading of Metal-Fluorocarbons and Detonation-Like Phenomena MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS Submerged Applications Mine-Disposal Torch Stored Chemical Energy Tracers Propellants SELF-PROPAGATING HIGH-TEMPERATURE SYNTHESIS Introduction Magnesium Silicon and Silicides VAPOUR-DEPOSITED MATERIALS AGEING MANUFACTURE Introduction Treatment of Metal Powder Mixing Pressing Cutting Priming Miscellaneous Accidents and Process Safety SENSITIVITY Introduction Impact Sensitivity Friction and Shear Sensitivity Thermal Sensitivity ESD Sensitivity Insensitive Munitions Testing Hazards Posed by Loose In-Process MTV Crumb and TNT TOXIC COMBUSTION PRODUCTS MTV Flare Composition Obscurrant Formulations Fluorine Compounds OUTLOOK.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527644209 20160608
This exciting book details all aspects of a major class of pyrolants and elucidates the progress that has been made in the field, covering both the chemistry and applications of these coompounds. Written by a pre-eminent authority on the subject from the NATO Munitions Safety Information Analysis Center (MSIAC), it begins with a historical overview of the development of these materials, followed by a thorough discussion of their ignition, combustion and radiative properties. The next section explores the multiple facets of their military and civilian applications, as well as industrial synthetic techniques. The critical importance of the associated hazards, namely sensitivity, stability and aging, are discussed in detail, and the book is rounded off by an examination of the future of this vital and expanding field. The result is a complete guide to the chemistry, manufacture, applications and required safety precautions of pyrolants for both the military and chemical industries. From the preface: "...This book fills a void in the collection of pyrotechnic literature...it will make an excellent reference book that all researchers of pyrolants and energetics must have..." -Dr. Bernard E. Douda, Dr. Sara Pliskin, NAVSEA Crane, IN, USA Interview on ChemistryViews: Find out what the author, Dr. Ernst-Christian Koch, has to say about the fascination of fireworks, society's need for explosives, and the future of the field which includes energetic ionic liquids. Read on...
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527644209 20160608
dx.doi.org Wiley Online Library
Book
1 online resource (xix, 357 p.) : ill.
  • Frontmatter
  • Introduction to Equilibrium
  • Basic Thermodynamics
  • The Simplest Phase Equilibrium Examples and Some Simple Estimating Rules
  • Minimization of Gibbs Energy
  • Vapor Pressure, the Clapeyron Equation, and Single Pure Chemical Species Phase Equilibrium
  • Partial Molar Properties
  • Fugacity, Ideal Solutions, Activity, Activity Coefficient
  • Vapor₆Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) at Low Pressures
  • Correlating and Predicting Nonideal VLE
  • Vapor₆Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) at High Pressures
  • Liquid₆Liquid, Liquid₆Solid, and Gas₆Solid Equilibrium
  • Chemical Equilibrium
  • Equilibrium in Complex Chemical Reactions
  • Equilibrium with Gravity or Centrifugal Force, Osmotic Equilibrium, Equilibrium with Surface Tension
  • The Phase Rule
  • Equilibrium in Biochemical Reactions
  • Appendix A: Useful Tables and Charts
  • Appendix B: Equilibrium with other Restraints, Other Approaches to Equilibrium
  • Appendix C: The Mathematics of Fugacity, Ideal Solutions, Activity and Activity Coefficients
  • Appendix D: Equations of State for Liquids and Solids Well Below their Critical Temperatures
  • Appendix E: Gibbs Energy of Formation Values
  • Appendix F: Calculation of Fugacities from Pressure-Explicit EOSs
  • Appendix G: Thermodynamic Property Derivatives and the Bridgman Table
  • Appendix H: Answers to Selected Problems
  • Index
  • Common Units and Values for Problems and Examples --.
This book concentrates on the topic of physical and chemical equilibrium. Using the simplest mathematics along with numerous numerical examples it accurately and rigorously covers physical and chemical equilibrium in depth and detail. It continues to cover the topics found in the first edition however numerous updates have been made including: Changes in naming and notation (the first edition used the traditional names for the Gibbs Free Energy and for Partial Molal Properties, this edition uses the more popular Gibbs Energy and Partial Molar Properties, ) changes in symbols (the first edition used the Lewis-Randal fugacity rule and the popular symbol for the same quantity, this edition only uses the popular notation, ) and new problems have been added to the text. Finally the second edition includes an appendix about the Bridgman table and its use.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118135341 20160608
dx.doi.org Wiley Online Library

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