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Book
xiv, 395 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Interdisciplinary survey methods research. Part A: looking backwards and forwards at the CASM movement-- CASM revisited-- CASM - success, failures and potential. Part B: cognitive research into survey measurement-- making sense of questions-- the respondent's confession-- contexts effects on answers to attitude questions-- is the bandwagon headed to the methodological promised land?-- income reporting in surveys. Part C: casting a wider net-- a linguistic look at survey research-- the use of computational cognitive models to improve questions on surveys and questionnaires-- the view from anthropology - ethnography and the cognitive interview-- survey error models and cognitive theories of response behaviour-- new connectionist models of mental representation-- implications for survey research. Part D: potential contributions of the CASM movement beyond questionnaire design-- the application of cognitive science to computer assisted interviewing-- customizing survey procedures to reduce measurement error-- visualizing categorical data-- statistical graphs and maps-- towards a research agenda.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471241386 20160528
Introducing the theory and tools of Cognitive Aspects of Survey Methodology (CASM), Cognition and Survey Research integrates cognitive science and survey methodology unlike any other survey textbook. Twenty--two internationally--recognized experts in survey methods and cognitive psychology cover fundamental concepts, methodologies, and applications in this evolving field. They discuss all aspects of survey research such as data processing, data analysis, and data discrimination; and present a unique interdisciplinary view encompassing statistics, cognitive science, anthropology, sociology, and behavioral science.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471241386 20160528
Green Library
Journal/Periodical
nos. 30 cm.
Green Library
Map
1 atlas (339 pages) : color map ; 30 x 42 cm
Earth Sciences Library (Branner)
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
88 p.
This paper is a survey of the growing body of theory concerned with parallel algorithms and the complexity of parallel computation. The principal computation that we consider is the parallel random- access machine (PRAM), in which it is assumed that each processor has random access in unit time to any cell of a global memory. This model permits the logical structure of parallel computation to be studied in a context divorced from issues of interprocessor communication.
Section 2 surverys efficient parallel algorithms for bookkeeping operations such as compacting an array by squeezing out its "dead" elements, for evaluating algebraic expressions, for searching a graph and decomposing it into various kinds of components, and for sorting, merging and selection. These algorithms are typically completely different from the best sequential algorithms for the same problems, and their discovery has required the creation of a new set of paradigms for the construction of parallel algorithms.
Section 3 studies the relationships among several variants of the PRAM model which differ in their implementation of concurrent reading and/or concurrent writing, presents lower bounds on the time to solve certain elementary problems on various kinds of P RAMs, and compares the PRAM with other models such as bounded-fan-in and unbounded-fan-in circuits, alternating Turing machines and vector machines. Section 3 also introduces NC, a hierarchy of problems solvable by deterministic algorithms that operate in polylog time using a polynomial- bounded number of processors.
Section 4 discusses specific problems within NC. Among the problems shown to lie at low levels within this hierarchy are the basic arithmetic operations, transitive closure and Boolean matrix multiplication, the computation of the determinant, the rank an d inverse of a matrix, the evaluation of certain classes of straight-line programs and the contruction of a maximal independent set of vertices in a graph. Section 4 also discusses the randomized version of NC, and gives fast randomized parallel algorithm s for problems such as finding a maximum matching in a graph. Section 4 concludes by exhibiting several problems that are complete in the sequential complexity class P with respect to logspace reducibility, and hence unlikely to lie in NC.
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
SAL3 (off-campus storage)
Book
25p.
SAL3 (off-campus storage), Special Collections
Book
38p.
SAL3 (off-campus storage), Special Collections
Media & Microtext Center
Media & Microtext Center
Book
21p.
Special Collections
Journal/Periodical
v. ; 28 cm.
Green Library
Media & Microtext Center
Book
1 online resource ( xv, 202 pages.) :.
EBSCOhost Access limited to 1 user
Book
1 online resource (xviii, 368 pages)
  • Introduction: Rescuing the survey PART ONE: THE CONTEXT Surveying the Survey: Back to the Past The Making of the 'Survey Society': The 19th Century The Common Roots of the Survey and In-depth Interview The Pioneers: 1880 - 1935 Technical Improvements and the Abandonment of Mixed Methods The Idea of Standardizing the Survey Interview The Split between Quantitative and Qualitative Methods The Explosion and Institutionalization of Surveys Technical Modifications toward a Standardized Interview The Decline of the Concern for Data Collection The Globalization of the Survey Culture Model Concluding Remarks Back to the 'Golden Age': Towards a Multilevel Integrated Survey Approach What is Survey Research? From the Standard to the Multlievel and Integrated Survey Approach Concluding Remarks PART TWO: FROM QUESTIONS TO ANSWERS The Answering Process What Lies Behind the Datum? The Co-construction of Survey Data The 'Cognitive Turn' and the CASM Movement Inference Procedures Situation Awareness The Limits of the 'Cognitive Turn' and Social Information Processing (SIP) From Cognition to Interaction: The Pragmatic Turn The Logic of Conversation Concluding Remarks Asking and Questioning Attributing Meanings to Questions Evaluation: The Heuristics of Judgement An Alternative Typology: Cognitive Tasks and Response Alternatives Concluding Remarks Answers: Cognitive Processes Open-ended or Closed-ended? Facing the Dilemma Scalar Answers The Influence of the Response Alternatives The Pragmatics of Response Alternatives Response Alternatives and Linguistic Communities Researchers versus Interviewees? Towards a Reconciliation of Separate Worlds Concluding Remarks Communicative Processes Psychological States of Interaction Social Conventions Answers and Interviewees' Demographic Characteristics The Setting Concluding Remarks The Living Questionnaire: The Survey at Work The Initial Contact with Interviewees The Nonresponse Phenomenon The Sociology and Psychology of Nonresponse The Questionnaire in Action Incongruences in the Answers Concluding Remarks PART THREE: CONSTRUCTING ANSWER COMPARABILITY From Standardization of Stimuli to Standardization of Meanings: The Interactional Survey Approach The Behaviourism-based SSA: The Standardization of Stimuli The Interactional Survey Approach: Standardizing Meanings Bridging the Gap between Questionnaire (Researcher) and Interviewee: Empowering the Interviewer Standardizing the Meaning of Response Alternatives Too Concluding Remarks Training for the Interactional Survey Approach Motivating the Interviewee by Following the Norms of Conversation The Interviewer's Hermeneutic Role The Specific Hermeneutic Competence of Interviewers Evaluation of Interviewer Performance Concluding Remarks PART FOUR: DESIGNING DATA QUALITY THROUGH MIXED STRATEGIES Re-conceptualizing Data Quality What is Data Quality? Dimensions of Data Quality From Data Quality to Survey Quality Concluding Remarks Mixed Survey Strategies: Quality in the Quantity What is Mixed Methods Research? Mixed Strategies: The Proportion of Quality and Quantity in a Research Design The Integrative Role of Qualitative Procedures in the Survey: A Typology The Pilot Study: Orientation of the Data Construction Process Concluding Remarks Pretesting Strategies: Assessing Data Quality in Advance Aims of Pretesting Pretesting Strategies based on Manifest Evidence Qualitative Strategies: Inside the Black Box to Discover the Hidden Biases Concluding Remarks Deviant Case Analysis: Improving Data Quality The Limitations of Monitoring Techniques within the Data Matrix Deviant Case Analysis (DCA): The Exception that Refines the Rule The Functions of Deviant Case Analysis Exploring Deviant Cases: Some Techniques Concluding Remarks PART FIVE: ENVISIONING THE FUTURE Glocalizing the Survey Towards Multicultural Methodology The Global Survey and its Discontents: The Limits of Current Survey Methodology An Individualist Social Philosophy Western Tacit Knowledge Embedded in the Survey Model Lessons Learned from Cross-Cultural Surveys De-colonizing the Survey The Local Structural Context Combining Global and Local Brand New: Re-Styling the Survey Concluding Remarks.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781473904828 20160618
Engaging and informative, this book provides students and researchers with a pragmatic, new perspective on the process of collecting survey data. By proposing a post-positivist, interviewee-centred approach, it improves the quality and impact of survey data by emphasising the interaction between interviewer and interviewee. Extending the conventional methodology with contributions from linguistics, anthropology, cognitive studies and ethnomethodology, Gobo and Mauceri analyse the answering process in structured interviews built around questionnaires. The following key areas are explored in detail: * An historical overview of survey research * The process of preparing the survey and designing data collection * The methods of detecting bias and improving data quality * The strategies for combining quantitative and qualitative approaches * The survey within global and local contexts Incorporating the work of experts in interpersonal and intercultural relations, this book offers readers an intriguing critical perspective on survey research. Giampietro Gobo, Ph.D., is Professor of Methodology of Social Research and Evaluation Methods at the Department of Social and Political Studies - University of Milan. He has published over fifty articles in the areas of qualitative and quantitative methods. His books include Doing Ethnography (Sage 2008) and Qualitative Research Practice (Sage 2004, co-edited with C. Seale, J.F. Gubrium and D. Silverman). He is currently engaged in projects in the area of workplace studies. Sergio Mauceri, Ph.D., is Lecturer in Methodology of Social Sciences and teaches Quantitative and Qualitative Strategies of Social Research at the Department of Communication and Social Research - University of Rome 'La Sapienza'. He has published several books and articles on data quality in survey research, mixed strategies, ethnic prejudice, multicultural cohabitation, delay in the transition to adulthood, worker well-being in call centres and homophobia.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781473904828 20160618
Engaging and informative this book provides students and researchers with a practical introduction to the process of collecting and analysing survey data. By proposing a post-positivist, interviewee-centred approach, it improves and maximises the quality of survey data by emphasising the interaction between interviewer and interviewee. Bringing together traditional methodology and contributions from linguistics, anthropology, cognitive studies and ethnomethodology, Gobo and Mauceri analyse the answering process in structured interviews built around questionnaires. The following key areas are explored in detail: * An historical overview of the field * The survey within global and local contexts * Combining quantitative and qualitative methods * The process of preparing the survey and designing data collection * The methods of detecting bias and improving data quality Incorporating the work of experts in interpersonal and intercultural relations, this book gives readers an intriguing new perspective on survey research.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781849201766 20160618
Book
87 p. : ill., form ; 28 cm.
Green Library
Book
v.
  • v. 1. Use and adaptation of Office of Management and Budget approved survey questionnaire items for the collection of Corps of Engineers planning data / by Allan S. Mills ... [et al.].
Green Library
Book
4, 2, 544 p., [3] p. of plates : ill. (chiefly col.), col. maps ; 24 cm.
East Asia Library
Book
5, 814 p. : tables ; 26 cm.
SAL1&2 (on-campus shelving)

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