Dark Matter is needed to explain many cosmological observations and therefore has been proposed for many decades, but it awaits direct detection. One of the most popular classes of dark matter candidates is Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs), which have masses in the order of 100 GeV and couple to ordinary matter at weak scale. In WIMP direct detection experiments, we look for WIMPs being scattered by nuclei, a process which produces low energy (smaller than 100 keV) recoiling nuclei that can be observed. We are building LZ, a detector looking for WIMPs using liquid xenon in a dual-phase time projection chamber (TPC), at 4850 feet underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in Lead, South Dakota, USA. LZ aims to achieve the world's highest sensitivity to find WIMPs via WIMP-nucleon interactions. After a brief discussion of dark matter and the LZ experiment, this dissertation presents the details of my study to solve the electron emission problem. The LZ TPC will consist of electrode grids and other metallic surfaces that can emit electrons when operated under voltage. Because the charge measurement in the LZ detector is sensitive to single electrons, electrons from the grids can be both a significant nuisance for data collection and a source of background at low-energies, limiting the sensitivity of the experiment for low-mass WIMPs. This has motivated us to develop a test detector to study how to reduce this background. The test detector consists of a pair of grids biased to high voltage and operated in xenon gas. The electric field between the grid causes the electrons to produce electroluminescence scintillation light that is measured by PMTs. This new technique is sensitive to single electrons emitted by the grids, allowing a measurement of emission currents as low as atto-amperes. We used this detector to study the properties of different grids and to determine what treatments can be done to reduce their electron emission. We found that passivation with citric acid reduces electron emission from stainless steel surfaces. This work was supervised by Professor Thomas Shutt and was completed in collaboration with members of the LZ collaboration and the SLAC LZ group.