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ABSTRACT Since the founding of Teach for America (TFA) in 1990, alternative routes to teaching have proliferated. The New Teacher Project (now TNTP), the consulting and advocacy wing of TFA, has been a key actor behind many Teaching Fellows programs in a number of settings across the U.S., the largest of which is the New York City Teaching Fellows (TNTP website). Using a life history approach (Goodson, 1992), this dissertation investigates the experiences of three New York City Teaching Fellows who have remained in the classroom for eight to thirteen years, well beyond the five-year mark by which point 50% of urban teachers quit. This dissertation argues that the inadequacy of the Fellows' preparation for taking on the challenges of urban teaching speaks dramatically to how the alternative-certification model is far more successful at recruiting and placing young, ill-prepared teachers in classrooms than it is at training or retaining good teachers, with the resulting turnover only leading, in the course of these teachers careers, to more emphasis on recruitment rather than training and retention. The three Fellows in this study, lacking the easy-exit strategy of TFA teachers (who come from the best schools), found the means of becoming better, more engaged teachers by eventually developing a personal point of connection and commitment with the students and the school system. This was despite, and not because of, the system's increasingly bureaucratic efforts at professional development for improved test results. These teachers' stories speak, not only to the difficulty of being an urban teacher in a era of accountability, but the need to provide a more supportive induction process and setting for teachers to find their places and their talents as professionals within the schools and American culture more generally.
Special Collections
Graduate School of Education Open Archive
A survey of 998 scholarly journals that use Open Journal Systems (OJS), an open source journal software platform, captures the characteristics of an emerging class of scholarpublisher open access journals (with some representation from more traditional scholarly society and print-based titles). The journals in the sample follow traditional norms for peerreviewing, acceptance rates, and disciplinary focus, but are distinguished by the number that offer open access to their content, the growth rates in new titles, the participation rates from developing countries, and the extremely low operating budgets. The survey also documents the limited degree to which open source software can alter a field of communication, as OJS appears to have created a third path, dedicated to maximizing access to research and scholarship, as an alternative to traditional scholarly society and commercial publishing routes.

3. Global Norming [2011] Online

Graduate School of Education Open Archive
The twentieth-century nation state has had its say on how we must educate, measure, and explain children and schooling. For better and for worse, the twentieth-century state made promises of progress, development, democracy, education, and, for every new generation, enough equality to justify a story about a level playing field for school children. Almost all nation states make these promises and keep track of just how much they have delivered. To take a seat among the great nations of the world, every country has had to make an accounting of itself: of its populations, its economies, its inequalities, and its possibilities. Every state has had to produce data and reports on its markets, its systems of health care and education, and its laws and promises of justice.


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