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xiv, 277 pages ; 23 cm.
  • Introduction
  • The 6th Street boys and their legal entanglements
  • The art of running
  • When the police knock your door in
  • Turning legal troubles into personal resources
  • The social life of criminalized young people
  • The market in protections and privileges
  • Clean people
  • Conclusion: A fugitive community
  • Epilogue: Leaving 6th Street.
Forty years in, the War on Drugs has done almost nothing to prevent drugs from being sold or used, but it has nonetheless created a little-known surveillance state in America's most disadvantaged neighborhoods. Arrest quotas and high-tech surveillance techniques criminalize entire blocks, and transform the very associations that should stabilize young lives-family, relationships, jobs - into liabilities, as the police use such relationships to track down suspects, demand information, and threaten consequences. Alice Goffman spent six years living in one such neighborhood in Philadelphia, and her close observations and often harrowing stories reveal the pernicious effects of this pervasive policing. Goffman introduces us to an unforgettable cast of young African American men who are caught up in this web of warrants and surveillance - some of them small-time drug dealers, others just ordinary guys dealing with limited choices. All find the web of presumed criminality, built as it is on the very associations and friendships that make up a life, nearly impossible to escape. We watch as the pleasures of summer - evening stoop-sitting are shattered by the arrival of a car full of cops looking to serve a warrant; we watch - and can't help but be shocked - as teenagers teach their younger siblings and cousins how to run from the police (and, crucially, to keep away from friends and family so they can stay hidden); and we see, over and over, the relentless toll that the presumption of criminality takes on families-and futures. While not denying the problems of the drug trade, and the violence that often accompanies it, through her gripping accounts of daily life in the forgotten neighborhoods of America's cities, Goffman makes it impossible for us to ignore the very real human costs of our failed response-the blighting of entire neighborhoods and the needless sacrifice of whole generations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226136714 20160616
Green Library, Law Library (Crown)
CSRE-121L-01, POLISCI-121L-01, PUBLPOL-121L-01
xiii, 248 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Mass incarceration and the problems of prisoner reentry
  • The labor market consequences of incarceration
  • Measuring the labor market consequences of incarceration
  • The mark of a criminal record
  • The mark of race
  • Two strikes and you're out : the intensification of racial and criminal stigma
  • But what if-- ? variations on the experimental design
  • Conclusion : missing the mark.
Nearly every job application asks it: have you ever been convicted of a crime? For the hundreds of thousands of young men leaving American prisons each year, their answer to that question may determine whether they can find work and begin rebuilding their lives. The product of an innovative field experiment, Marked gives us our first real glimpse into the tremendous difficulties facing ex-offenders in the job market. Devah Pager matched up pairs of young men, randomly assigned them criminal records, then sent them on hundreds of real job searches throughout the city of Milwaukee. Her applicants were attractive, articulate, and capable - yet ex-offenders received less than half the callbacks of the equally qualified applicants without criminal backgrounds. Young black men, meanwhile, paid a particularly high price: those with clean records fared no better in their job searches than white men just out of prison. Such shocking barriers to legitimate work, Pager contends, are an important reason that many ex-prisoners soon find themselves back in the realm of poverty, underground employment, and crime that led them to prison in the first place.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780226644837 20160528
Green Library
CSRE-121L-01, POLISCI-121L-01, PUBLPOL-121L-01