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Book
1 online resource.
  • Part 1. The Basic Equations
  • Coordinates, Mass Distribution, and Gravitational Field in Spherical Stars
  • Conservation of Momentum
  • The Virial Theorem
  • Conservation of Energy
  • Transport of Energy by Radiation and Conduction
  • Stability Against Local, Non-spherical Perturbations
  • Transport of Energy by Convection
  • The Chemical Composition
  • Mass Loss
  • Part 2. The Overall Problem
  • The Differential Equations of Stellar Evolution
  • Boundary Conditions
  • Numerical Procedure
  • Part 3. Properties of Stellar Matter
  • The Perfect Gas with Radiation
  • Ionization
  • The Degenerate Electron Gas
  • The Equation of State of Stellar Matter
  • Opacity
  • Nuclear Energy Production
  • Part 4. Simple Stellar Models
  • Polytropic Gaseous Spheres
  • Homology Relations
  • Simple Models in the U-V Plane
  • The Zero-Age Main Sequence
  • Other Main Sequences
  • The Hayashi Line
  • Stability Considerations
  • Part 5. Early Stellar Evolution
  • The Onset of Star Formation
  • The Formation of Protostars
  • Pre-Main-Sequence Contraction
  • From the Initial to the Present Sun
  • Evolution on the Main Sequence
  • Part 6. Post-Main-Sequence Evolution
  • Evolution Through Helium Burning: Intermediate-Mass Stars
  • Evolution Through Helium Burning: Massive Stars
  • Evolution Through Helium Burning: Low-Mass Stars
  • Part 7. Late Phases of Stellar Evolution
  • Evolution on the Asymptotic Giant Branch
  • Later Phases of Core Evolution
  • Final Explosions and Collapse
  • Part 8. Compact Objects
  • White Dwarfs
  • Neutron Stars
  • Black Holes
  • Part 9. Pulsating Stars
  • Adiabatic Spherical Pulsations
  • Non-adiabatic Spherical Pulsations
  • Non-radial Stellar Oscillations
  • Part 10. Stellar Rotation
  • The Mechanics of Rotating Stellar Models
  • The Thermodynamics of Rotating Stellar Models
  • The Angular-Velocity Distribution in Stars.
dx.doi.org SpringerLink
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
xxii, 861 p. : ill. (some col.), maps ; 26 cm.
  • Part I. Astronomical Background: 1. High energy astrophysics - an introduction-- 2. The stars and stellar evolution-- 3. The galaxies-- 4. Clusters of galaxies-- Part II. Physical Processes: 5. Ionisation losses-- 6. Radiation of accelerated charged particles and bremsstrahlung of electrons-- 7. The dynamics of charged particles in magnetic fields-- 8. Synchrotron radiation-- 9. Interactions of high energy photons-- 10. Nuclear interactions-- 11. Aspects of plasma physics and magnetohydrodynamics-- Part III. High Energy Astrophysics in our Galaxy: 12. Interstellar gas and magnetic fields-- 13. Dead stars-- 14. Accretion power in astrophysics-- 15. Cosmic rays-- 16. The origin of cosmic rays in our galaxy-- 17. The acceleration of high energy particles-- Part IV. Extragalactic High Energy Astrophysics: 18. Active galaxies-- 19. Black holes in the nuclei of galaxies-- 20. The vicinity of the black hole-- 21. Extragalactic radio sources-- 22. Compact extragalactic sources and superluminal motions-- 23. Cosmological aspects of high energy astrophysics-- Appendix-- References-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521756181 20160606
Providing students with an in-depth account of the astrophysics of high energy phenomena in the Universe, the third edition of this well-established textbook is ideal for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate courses in high energy astrophysics. Building on the concepts and techniques taught in standard undergraduate courses, this textbook provides the astronomical and astrophysical background for students to explore more advanced topics. Special emphasis is given to the underlying physical principles of high energy astrophysics, helping students understand the essential physics. The third edition has been completely rewritten, consolidating the previous editions into one volume. It covers the most recent discoveries in areas such as gamma-ray bursts, ultra-high energy cosmic rays and ultra-high energy gamma rays. The topics have been rearranged and streamlined to make them more applicable to a wide range of different astrophysical problems.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521756181 20160606
Cambridge Core Access limited to one user.
Engineering Library (Terman), eReserve
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
x, 360 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm.
  • Preface ix Chapter 1: Introduction and Motivation 1 1.1 The Field of High-Energy Astrophysics 1 1.2 Energies, Luminosities, and Timescales 3 1.3 Atmospheric Absorption 8 1.4 Experimental Tools of High-Energy Astrophysics 12 1.5 High-Energy Telescopes 23 Chapter 2: The High-Energy Sky 31 2.1 X-ray Maps Up to 10 keV 32 2.2 The Sky Between 10 keV and 1MeV 34 2.3 Surveys up to 30MeV 36 2.4 The Highest Energy Maps Produced in Earth Orbit 36 Chapter 3: Relativity 39 3.1 Special Relativity 39 3.2 Relativistic Transformation of Physical Laws 48 3.3 General Relativity 51 3.4 Static Spacetimes 56 Chapter 4: Particle Acceleration 67 4.1 Gravity 67 4.2 Electromagnetic Fields 70 4.3 Fermi Acceleration 76 Chapter 5: Radiative Processes 84 5.1 The Radiation Field 84 5.2 Intensity 89 5.3 Thermal Bremsstrahlung 91 5.4 Single-Particle Synchrotron Emissivity 96 5.5 Thermal Synchrotron 107 5.6 Nonthermal Synchrotron 108 5.7 Compton Scattering 111 Chapter 6: Accretion of Plasma 118 6.1 Hydrodynamics 118 6.2 Bondi-Hoyle Accretion 123 6.3 Roche Lobe Geometry in Binaries and Accretion from a Companion Star 130 6.4 Formation of a Disk 134 Chapter 7: Accretion Disk Theory 137 7.1 Viscosity and Radial Disk Structure 137 7.2 Standard Thin-Disk Theory 139 7.3 Accretion Columns 153 7.4 Two-Temperature Thin Disks 158 Chapter 8: Thick Accretion Disks 164 8.1 Thick-Disk Structure 165 8.2 Radiatively Inefficient Flows 169 Chapter 9: Pulsing Sources 182 9.1 Radio Pulsars 182 9.2 X-ray Pulsars 195 9.3 Cataclysmic Variables 199 Chapter 10: Black Holes in Binaries 210 10.1 Early Discovery of Black Holes 211 10.2 The Archetypal HMXB Cygnus X-1 217 10.3 X-ray Novae 223 10.4 QPOs in Black-Hole Binaries 226 Chapter 11: Bursting Stars 233 11.1 X-ray Burst Sources 233 11.2 Gamma-Ray Burst Sources 240 Chapter 12: Supermassive Black Holes 259 12.1 Their Discovery and Identification 259 12.2 Nearby Objects 270 12.3 Supermassive Black Holes in AGNs 285 Chapter 13: The High-Energy Background 303 13.1 Cosmic Rays 303 13.2 Galaxy Clusters 312 13.3 Diffuse Emission 316 Bibliography 327 Index 351.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691135434 20160605
High-energy astrophysics involves the study of exceedingly dynamic and energetic phenomena occurring near the most extreme celestial objects known to exist, such as black holes, neutron stars, white dwarfs, and supernova remnants. "High-Energy Astrophysics" provides graduate and advanced undergraduate students with the most complete, self-contained introduction to the subject available. This textbook covers all the essentials, weaving together the latest theory with the experimental techniques, instrumentation, and observational methods astronomers use to study high-energy radiation from space. Fulvio Melia introduces topics at the forefront of today's research, including relativistic particles, energetic radiation, and accretion disk theory. No other textbook offers such a thorough yet concise treatment of the key aspects of high-energy astrophysics - both theoretical and observational - or delves as deeply into modern detection techniques, satellite systems, and analytical and numerical modeling used by theoreticians. Amply illustrated, "High-Energy Astrophysics" is also ideal for researchers interested in the application of fundamental physical laws to understand how matter and radiation behave in regions of the universe where physical conditions are most extreme. It uniquely weaves together the theoretical and experimental aspects of this important branch of astronomy. It features stunning images of the high-energy sky. It fully describes the principal classes of high-energy sources, with an in-depth study of many archetypal objects within them. It provides an excellent, self-contained resource for the classroom, written by a preeminent researcher and teacher in the field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691135434 20160605
High-energy astrophysics involves the study of exceedingly dynamic and energetic phenomena occurring near the most extreme celestial objects known to exist, such as black holes, neutron stars, white dwarfs, and supernova remnants. High-Energy Astrophysics provides graduate and advanced undergraduate students with the most complete, self-contained introduction to the subject available. This textbook covers all the essentials, weaving together the latest theory with the experimental techniques, instrumentation, and observational methods astronomers use to study high-energy radiation from space. Fulvio Melia introduces topics at the forefront of today's research, including relativistic particles, energetic radiation, and accretion disk theory. No other textbook offers such a thorough yet concise treatment of the key aspects of high-energy astrophysics--both theoretical and observational--or delves as deeply into modern detection techniques, satellite systems, and analytical and numerical modeling used by theoreticians. Amply illustrated, High-Energy Astrophysics is also ideal for researchers interested in the application of fundamental physical laws to understand how matter and radiation behave in regions of the universe where physical conditions are most extreme. Uniquely weaves together the theoretical and experimental aspects of this important branch of astronomy Features stunning images of the high-energy sky Fully describes the principal classes of high-energy sources, with an in-depth study of many archetypal objects within them Provides an excellent, self-contained resource for the classroom, written by a preeminent researcher and teacher in the field.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691140292 20160605
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
512 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Preface xix Chapter 1. Introduction 1 Chapter 2. Relativistic Kinematics 14 Chapter 3. Introduction to Curved Spacetime 25 Chapter 4. Physical Cosmology 36 Chapter 5. Radiation Physics of Relativistic Flows 50 Chapter 6. Compton Scattering 70 Chapter 7. Synchrotron Radiation 117 Chapter 8. Binary Particle Collision Processes 160 Chapter 9. Photohadronic Processes 187 Chapter 10. d Pair Production 227 Chapter 11. Blast-Wave Physics 258 Chapter 12. Introduction to Fermi Acceleration 314 Chapter 13. First-Order Fermi Acceleration 327 Chapter 14. Second-Order Fermi Acceleration 351 Chapter 15. The Geometry of Spacetime 379 Chapter 16. Black-Hole Electrodynamics 417 Chapter 17. High-Energy Radiations from Black Holes 452 Appendix A: Essential Tensor Calculus 473 Appendix B: Mathematical Functions 488 Appendix C: Solutions of the Continuity Equation 492 Appendix D: Basics of Monte Carlo Calculations 497 Appendix E: Supplementary Information 499 Appendix F: Glossary and Acronym List 505 Bibliography 509 Index 531.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691144085 20160528
Bright gamma-ray flares observed from sources far beyond our Milky Way Galaxy are best explained if enormous amounts of energy are liberated by black holes. The highest- energy particles in nature - the ultra-high-energy cosmic rays - cannot be confined by the Milky Way's magnetic field, and must originate from sources outside our Galaxy. Understanding these energetic radiations requires an extensive theoretical framework involving the radiation physics and strong-field gravity of black holes. In "High Energy Radiation from Black Holes", Charles Dermer and Govind Menon present a systematic exposition of black-hole astrophysics and general relativity in order to understand how gamma rays, cosmic rays, and neutrinos are produced by black holes. Beginning with Einstein's special and general theories of relativity, the authors give a detailed mathematical description of fundamental astrophysical radiation processes, including Compton scattering of electrons and photons, synchrotron radiation of particles in magnetic fields, photohadronic interactions of cosmic rays with photons, gamma-ray attenuation, Fermi acceleration, and the Blandford-Znajek mechanism for energy extraction from rotating black holes. The book provides a basis for graduate students and researchers in the field to interpret the latest results from high-energy observatories, and helps resolve whether energy released by rotating black holes powers the highest-energy radiations in nature. The wide range of detail will make "High Energy Radiation from Black Holes" a standard reference for black-hole research.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780691144085 20160528
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
xv, 519 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • This book provides an exhaustive account of the origin and dynamics of cosmic rays. Divided into three parts, it first gives an up-to-date summary of the observational data, then -- in the following theory section -- deals with the kinetic description of cosmic ray plasma. The underlying diffusion-convection transport equation, which governs the coupling between cosmic rays and the background plasma, is derived and analyzed in detail. In the third part, several applications of the solutions of the transport equation are presented and how key observations in cosmic ray physics can be accounted for is demonstrated. The applications include cosmic ray modulation, acceleration near shock waves and the galactic propagation of cosmic rays. While the book is primarily of interest to scientists working at the forefront of research, the very careful derivations and explanations make it suitable also as an introduction to the field of cosmic rays for graduate students.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540664659 20160528
This book provides an exhaustive account of the origin and dynamics of cosmic rays. Divided into three parts, it first gives an up-to-date summary of the observational data, then -- in the following theory section -- deals with the kinetic description of cosmic ray plasma. The underlying diffusion-convection transport equation, which governs the coupling between cosmic rays and the background plasma, is derived and analyzed in detail. In the third part, several applications of the solutions of the transport equation are presented and how key observations in cosmic ray physics can be accounted for is demonstrated. The applications include cosmic ray modulation, acceleration near shock waves and the galactic propagation of cosmic rays. While the book is primarily of interest to scientists working at the forefront of research, the very careful derivations and explanations make it suitable also as an introduction to the field of cosmic rays for graduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540664659 20160528
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
1 online resource (xv, 519 pages).
  • 1. Introduction.- 2. Cosmic Rays as Part of the Universe.- 3. Direct Observations of Cosmic Rays.- 4. Interactions of Cosmic Ray Electrons.- 5. Interactions of Cosmic Ray Nuclei.- 6. Indirect Observations of Cosmic Rays.- 7. Immediate Consequences of Galactic Cosmic Ray Observations.- 8. Statistical Mechanics of Charged Particles.- 9. Test Wave Approach 1. Waves in Cold Magnetized Plasmas.- 10. Test Wave Approach 2. Waves in Hot Magnetized Isotropic Plasmas.- 11. Test Wave Approach 3. Generation of Plasma Waves.- 12. Test Particle Approach 1. Hierarchy of Transport Equations.- 13. Test Particle Approach 2. Calculation of Transport Parameters.- 14. Acceleration and Transport Processes of Cosmic Rays.- 15. Interplanetary Transport of Cosmic Ray Particles.- 16. Acceleration of Cosmic Ray Particles at Shock Waves.- 17. Galactic Cosmic Rays.- 18. Formation of Cosmic Ray Momentum Spectra.- 19. Summary and Outlook.- Append.- A. Radiation Transport.- B. Conductivity Tensor in a Hot Magnetized Plasma.- B.1 The General Case.- B.2 Isotropic Distribution Functions.- C. Calculation of the Integral (10.3.10).- References.- Illustration Credits.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783642085734 20160614
In the first part, the book gives an up-to-date summary of the observational data. In the second part, it deals with the kinetic description of cosmic ray plasma. The underlying diffusion-convection transport equation, which governs the coupling between cosmic rays and the background plasma, is derived and analyzed in detail. In the third part, several applications of the solutions of the transport equation are presented and how key observations in cosmic ray physics can be accounted for is demonstrated.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783642085734 20160614
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PHYSICS-360-01
Book
p. cm.
  • 1. Accretion as a source of energy-- 2. Gas dynamics-- 3. Plasma concepts-- 4. Accretion in binary systems-- 5. Accretion discs-- 6. Accretion on to a compact object-- 7. Active galactic nuclei-- 8. Accretion discs in active galactic nuclei-- 9. Accretion power in active galactic nuclei-- 10. Thick discs-- 11. Accretion flows.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521620536 20160528
Accretion Power in Astrophysics examines accretion as a source of energy in both binary star systems containing compact objects, and in active galactic nuclei. Assuming a basic knowledge of physics, the authors describe the physical processes at work in accretion discs and other accretion flows. The first three chapters explain why accretion is a source of energy, and then present the gas dynamics and plasma concepts necessary for astrophysical applications. The next three chapters then develop accretion in stellar systems, including accretion onto compact objects. Further chapters give extensive treatment of accretion in active galactic nuclei, and describe thick accretion discs. A new chapter discusses recently discovered accretion flow solutions. The third edition is greatly expanded and thoroughly updated. New material includes a detailed treatment of disc instabilities, irradiated discs, disc warping, and general accretion flows. The treatment is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduate students and researchers.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521620536 20160528
Engineering Library (Terman), eReserve
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
xviii, 719 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
  • Introduction.- General Constants and Units.- Atoms and Molecules.- Spectra.- Radiation.- Radio and Microwave Astronomy.- Infrared Astronomy.- Ultraviolet Astronomy.- X-Ray Astronomy.- Gamma-Ray and Neutrino Astronomy.- Earth.- Planets and Satellites.- Solar System Small Bodies.- Sun.- Normal Stars.- Stars with Special Characteristics.- Cataclysmic and Symbiotic Variables.- Supernovae.- Star Populations and the Solar Neighborhood.- Theoretical Stellar Evolution.- Circumstellar and Interstellar Material.- Star Clusters.- Milky Way Galaxies.- Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei.- Clusters and Groups of Galaxies.- Cosmology.- Incidental Tables.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780387987460 20160528
This new edition of Allen's classic "Astrophysical Quantities" belongs on every astronomer's bookshelf. It has been thoroughly revised and updated by a team of internationally renowned team of astronomers and astrophysicists. The topics covered include: general constants and units; atoms, molecules, and spectra; observational astronomy at all wavelengths from radio to gamma-rays, and neutrinos; Planetary astronomy: Earth, planets and satellites, and solar system; small bodies; the Sun, normal stars, and stars with special characteristics; cataclysmic and symbiotic variables, supernovae; theoretical stellar evolution; circumstellar and interstellar material; star clusters, galaxies, quasars, and active galactic nuclei; clusters and groups of galaxies; and cosmology.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780387987460 20160528
Engineering Library (Terman), eReserve
PHYSICS-160-01, PHYSICS-260-01, PHYSICS-360-01
Book
2 v. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • 1. Continuum Radiation. 2. Monochromatic (Line) Radiation. 3. Gas Processes. 4. Nuclear Astrophysics and High Energy Particles. 5. Space, Time, Matter and Cosmology. References. Author Index. Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540612674 20160528
  • Space, Time, Matter and Cosmology * References * Subject Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540646648 20160528
This volume is a reference source of fundamental formulae in physics and astrophysics. In contrast to most of the usual compendia it carefully explains the physical assumptions entering the formulae. All the important results of physical theories are covered: electrodynamics, hydrodynamics, general relativity, atomic and nuclear physics, and so on. Over 2100 formulae are included, and the original papers for the formulae are cited together with papers on modern applications in a bibliography of over 1900 entries. For this new edition, a chapter on space, time, matter and cosmology has been included and the other chapters have been carefully revised.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783540612674 20160528
Engineering Library (Terman), SAL3 (off-campus storage)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
xvi, 468 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
xvi, 294 p. :bill. ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Accretion as a source of energy-- 2. Gas dynamics-- 3. Plasma concepts-- 4. Accretion in binary systems-- 5. Accretion discs-- 6. Accretion onto a compact object-- 7. Active galactic nuclei-- 8. Accretion discs in active nuclei-- 9. Accretion power in active nuclei-- 10. Thick discs-- Appendix-- Bibliography-- List of symbols-- Object list-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521403061 20160528
Accretion is recognised as a phenomenon of fundamental importance in astrophysics. Accretion Power in Astrophysics examines accretion as a source of energy in binary star systems containing compact objects and in active galactic nuclei. The authors assume a basic knowledge of physics in order to describe the physical processes at work in accretion discs. The first three chapters explain why accretion is a source of energy, and then present the gas dynamics and plasma concepts necessary for astrophysical applications. The next three chapters then develop accretion in stellar systems, including accretion onto compact objects. Three further chapters give extensive treatment of accretion in active galactic nuclei, and the concluding chapter describes thick accretion discs. The second edition is a complete revision of the earlier account. In particular it gives much greater attention to active galaxies and quasars, where the accretion model is now accepted as the central energy source. The treatment is at a level appropriate for graduate students.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521403061 20160528
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
v. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • v. 1. Radiation
  • v. 2. Gas dynamics.
This two-volume text is for new graduates on astronomy courses who need to get to grips with the physics involved in the subject. Four problem sets, averaging three problems per set, accompany each volume. The problems expand on the material covered in the texts and represent the level of calculational skill needed to write scientific papers in contemporary astrophysics. Volume I. "Radiation" deals with the emission, absorption, and scattering of radiation by matter, radiative transfer, statistical physics, classical electrodynamics, and atomic and molecular structure. Volume II. "Gas Dynamics", is a self-contained textbook. It can be used as the text for a one semester course on the interactions of matter and radiation and electromagnetic fields of macroscopic scale in both the strongly collisionil and collisionless regimes. It covers single-fluid shocks, and fronts; mapetohydrodynamics and plasma physics, their applications to self-graviting spherical masses, accretion disks, spiral density waves, star formation, and dynamo theory. Over 200 photos, line drawings, and tables amplify the major points of the text.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780935702651 20160528
Engineering Library (Terman), SAL3 (off-campus storage)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
xi, 408 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
xvi, 468 p. ; 25 cm.
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
x, 273 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
This book is an account of the accretion of matter by massive astronomical objects. It sets out the physics of the accretion process in detail. This is related to observations of the accretion phenomenon in stellar systems and galaxies. The power derived through accretion processes is a dominant source of emission energy in X-ray stars and the cores of active galaxies. This book takes the physics undergraduate to a point at which it is possible to start independent research. It is suitable for graduate courses as well as providing an overview for the professional.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521245302 20160528
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01
Book
xv, 382 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
  • Chapter 1 Fundamentals of Radiative Transfer 1.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum-- Elementary Properties of Radiation 1.2 Radiative Flux Macroscopic Description of the Propagation of Radiation Flux from an Isotropic Source-The Inverse Square Law 1.3 The Specific Intensity and Its Moments Definition of Specific Intensity or Brightness Net Flux and Momentum Flux Radiative Energy Density Radiation Pressure in an Enclosure Containing an Isotropic Radiation Field Constancy of Specific Intensity Along Rays in Free Space Proof of the Inverse Square Law for a Uniformly Bright Sphere 1.4 Radiative Transfer Emission Absorption The Radiative Transfer Equation Optical Depth and Source Function Mean Free Path Radiation Force 1.5 Thermal Radiation Blackbody Radiation Kirchhoff's Law for Thermal Emission Thermodynamics of Blackbody Radiation The Planck Spectrum Properties of the Planck Law Characteristic Temperatures Related to Planck Spectrum 1.6 The Einstein Coefficients Definition of Coefficients Relations between Einstein Coefficients Absorption and Emission Coefficients in Terms of Einstein Coefficients 1.7 Scattering Effects-- Random Walks Pure Scattering Combined Scattering and Absorption 1.8 Radiative Diffusion The Rosseland Approximation The Eddington Approximation-- Two-Stream Approximation Problems References Chapter 2 Basic Theory of Radiation Fields 2.1 Review of Maxwell's Equations 2.2 Plane Electromagnetic Waves 2.3 The Radiation Spectrum 2.4 Polarization and Stokes Parameters 62 Monochromatic Waves Quasi-monochromatic Waves 2.5 Electromagnetic Potentials 2.6 Applicability of Transfer Theory and the Geometrical Optics Limit Problems References Chapter 3 Radiation from Moving Charges 3.1 Retarded Potentials of Single Moving Charges: The Lienard-Wiechart Potentials 3.2 The Velocity and Radiation Fields 3.3 Radiation from Nonrelativistic Systems of Particles Larmor's Formula The Dipole Approximation The General Multipole Expansion 3.4 Thomson Scattering (Electron Scattering) 3.5 Radiation Reaction 3.6 Radiation from Harmonically Bound Particles Undriven Harmonically Bound Particles Driven Harmonically Bound Particles Problems Reference Chapter 4 Relativistic Covariance and Kinematics 4.1 Review of Lorentz Transformations 4.2 Four-Vectors 4.3 Tensor Analysis 4.4 Covariance of Electromagnetic Phenomena 4.5 A Physical Understanding of Field Transformations 129 4.6 Fields of a Uniformly Moving Charge 4.7 Relativistic Mechanics and the Lorentz Four-Force 4.8 Emission from Relativistic Particles Total Emission Angular Distribution of Emitted and Received Power 4.9 Invariant Phase Volumes and Specific Intensity Problems References Chapter 5 Bremsstrahlung 5.1 Emission from Single-Speed Electrons 5.2 Thermal Bremsstrahlung Emission 5.3 Thermal Bremsstrahlung (Free-Free) Absorption 5.4 Relativistic Bremsstrahlung Problems References Chapter 6 Synchrotron Radiation 6.1 Total Emitted Power 6.2 Spectrum of Synchrotron Radiation: A Qualitative Discussion 6.3 Spectral Index for Power-Law Electron Distribution 6.4 Spectrum and Polarization of Synchrotron Radiation: A Detailed Discussion 6.5 Polarization of Synchrotron Radiation 6.6 Transition from Cyclotron to Synchrotron Emission 6.7 Distinction between Received and Emitted Power 6.8 Synchrotron Self-Absorption 6.9 The Impossibility of a Synchrotron Maser in Vacuum Problems References Chapter 7 Compton Scattering 7.1 Cross Section and Energy Transfer for the Fundamental Process Scattering from Electrons at Rest Scattering from Electrons in Motion: Energy Transfer 7.2 Inverse Compton Power for Single Scattering 7.3 Inverse Compton Spectra for Single Scattering 7.4 Energy Transfer for Repeated Scatterings in a Finite, Thermal Medium: The Compton Y Parameter 7.5 Inverse Compton Spectra and Power for Repeated Scatterings by Relativistic Electrons of Small Optical Depth 7.6 Repeated Scatterings by Nonrelativistic Electrons: The Kompaneets Equation 7.7 Spectral Regimes for Repeated Scattering by Nonrelativistic Electrons Modified Blackbody Spectra-- y"1 Wien Spectra-- y"1 Unsaturated Comptonization with Soft Photon Input Problems References Chapter 8 Plasma Effects 8.1 Dispersion in Cold, Isotropic Plasma The Plasma Frequency Group and Phase Velocity and the Index of Refraction 8.2 Propagation Along a Magnetic Field-- Faraday Rotation 8.3 Plasma Effects in High-Energy Emission Processes Cherenkov Radiation Razin Effect Problems References Chapter 9 Atomic Structure 9.1 A Review of the Schrodinger Equation 9.2 One Electron in a Central Field Wave Functions Spin 9.3 Many-Electron Systems Statistics: The Pauli Principle Hartree-Fock Approximation: Configurations The Electrostatic Interaction-- LS Coupling and Terms 9.4 Perturbations, Level Splittings, and Term Diagrams Equivalent and Nonequivalent Electrons and Their Spectroscopic Terms Parity Spin-Orbit Coupling Zeeman Effect Role of the Nucleus-- Hyperfine Structure 9.5 Thermal Distribution of Energy Levels and Ionization Thermal Equilibrium: Boltzmann Population of Levels The Saha Equation Problems References Chapter 10 Radiative Transitions 10.1 Semi-Classical Theory of Radiative Transitions The Electromagnetic Hamiltonian The Transition Probability 10.2 The Dipole Approximation 10.3 Einstein Coefficients and Oscillator Strengths 10.4 Selection Rules 10.5 Transition Rates Bound-Bound Transitions for Hydrogen Bound-Free Transitions (Continuous Absorption) for Hydrogen Radiative Recombination - Milne Relations The Role of Coupling Schemes in the Determination of f Values 10.6 Line Broadening Mechanisms Doppler Broadening Natural Broadening Collisional Broadening Combined Doppler and Lorentz Profiles Problems References Chapter 11 Molecular Structure 11.1 The Born-Oppenheimer Approximation: An Order of Magnitude Estimate of Energy Levels 11.2 Electronic Binding of Nuclei The H2+ Ion The H2 Molecule 11.3 Pure Rotation Spectra Energy Levels Selection Rules and Emission Frequencies 11.4 Rotation-Vibration Spectra Energy Levels and the Morse Potential Selection Rules and Emission Frequencies 11.5 Electronic-Rotational-Vibrational Spectra Energy Levels Selection Rules and Emission Frequencies Problems References Solutions Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471827597 20160528
Radiative Processes in Astrophysics This clear, straightforward, and fundamental introduction is designed to present-from a physicist's point of view-radiation processes and their applications to astrophysical phenomena and space science. It covers such topics as radiative transfer theory, relativistic covariance and kinematics, bremsstrahlung radiation, synchrotron radiation, Compton scattering, some plasma effects, and radiative transitions in atoms. Discussion begins with first principles, physically motivating and deriving all results rather than merely presenting finished formulae. However, a reasonably good physics background (introductory quantum mechanics, intermediate electromagnetic theory, special relativity, and some statistical mechanics) is required. Much of this prerequisite material is provided by brief reviews, making the book a self-contained reference for workers in the field as well as the ideal text for senior or first-year graduate students of astronomy, astrophysics, and related physics courses. Radiative Processes in Astrophysics also contains about 75 problems, with solutions, illustrating applications of the material and methods for calculating results. This important and integral section emphasizes physical intuition by presenting important results that are used throughout the main text; it is here that most of the practical astrophysical applications become apparent.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780471827597 20160528
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PHYSICS-360-01

17. Stellar atmospheres [1978]

Book
xx, 632 p. : graphs ; 25 cm.
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01

18. Stellar atmospheres [1970]

Book
xiv, 463 p. illus. 25 cm.
Engineering Library (Terman)
PHYSICS-360-01