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Book
xiv, 519 pages, [2] leaves of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm.
  • 1. Crystals and crystal structures -- 2. Two-dimensional patterns, lattices and symmetry -- 3. Bravais lattices and crystal systems -- 4. Crystal symmetry: point groups, space groups, symmetry-related properties and quasiperiodic crystals -- 5. Describing lattice planes and directions in crystals: Miller indices and zone axis symbols -- 6. The recirocal lattice -- 7. The diffraction of light -- 8. X-ray diffraction: the contribution of Max von Laue, W.H. and W.L. Bragg and P.P Ewald -- 9. The diffraction of X-rays -- 10. X-ray diffraction of polycrystalline materials -- 11. Electron diffraction and its applications -- 12. The stereographic projection and its uses -- 13. Fourier analysis in diffraction and image formation -- 14. The physical properties of crystals and their description by tensors.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198738688 20160618
This book provides a clear and very broadly based introduction to crystallography, light, X-ray and electron diffraction - a knowledge which is essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which is otherwise generally covered in subject-specific and more mathematically detailed texts. The text is also designed to appeal to the more general reader since it shows, by historical and biographical references, how the subject has developed from the work and insights of successive generations of crystallographers and scientists. The book shows how an understanding of crystal structures, both inorganic and organic may be built up from simple ideas of atomic and molecular packing. Beginning with (two dimensional) examples of patterns and tilings, the concepts of lattices, symmetry point and space groups are developed. 'Penrose' tilings and quasiperiodic structures are also included. The reciprocal lattice and its importance in understanding the geometry of light, X-ray and electron diffraction patterns is explained in simple terms, leading to Fourier analysis in diffraction, crystal structure determination, image formation and the diffraction-limited resolution in these techniques. Practical X-ray and electron diffraction techniques and their applications are described. A recurring theme is the common principles: the techniques are not treated in isolation. The fourth edition has been revised throughout, and includes new sections on Fourier analysis, Patterson maps, direct methods, charge flipping, group theory in crystallography, and a new chapter on the description of physical properties of crystals by tensors (Chapter 14).
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198738688 20160618
Earth Sciences Library (Branner), Science Library (Li and Ma), eReserve
MATSCI-193-01, MATSCI-203-01
Book
xiii, 432 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Crystals and crystal structure-- 2. Two-dimensional patterns, lattices, and symmetry-- 3. Bravais lattices and crystal systems-- 4. Crystal symmetry, point groups, and crystal structures: the external symmetry of crystals-- 5. Describing lattice planes and directions in crystals: Miller indices and zone axis symbols-- 6. The reciprocal lattice-- 7. The diffraction of light-- 8. X-ray diffraction: The contributions of M. von Laue, W.H. and W.L. Bragg, and P.P. Ewald-- 9. The diffraction of X-rays and electrons-- 10. X-rays and electron diffraction of polycrystalline materials-- Appendix 1. Useful components for a crystallography model-building kit and suppliers-- Appendix 2. Computer programs in crystallography-- Appendix 3. Biographical notes on crystallographers and scientists mentioned in the text-- Appendix 4. Some useful crystallographic relationships-- Appendix 5. A simple introduction to vectors and complex numbers and their uses in crystallography-- Appendxix 6. Systematic absences (extinctions) in X-ray diffraction and double diffraction in electron diffraction patterns-- Answers to exercises-- Further reading-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199546459 20160528
This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts. It shows how crystal structures may be built up from simple ideas of atomic packing and co-ordination, it develops the concepts of crystal symmetry, point and space groups by way of two dimensional examples of patterns and tilings, it explains the concept of the reciprocal lattice in simple terms and shows its importance in an understanding of light, X-ray and electron diffraction. Practical examples of the applications of these techniques are described and also the importance of diffraction in the performance of optical instruments. The book is also of value to the general reader since it shows, by biographical and historical references, how the subject has developed and thereby indicates some of the excitement of scientific discovery.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199546459 20160528
Science Library (Li and Ma), eReserve
MATSCI-193-01, MATSCI-203-01