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193 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
  • Foreword. Acknowledgements. Introduction. How to Use This Book. 1. Statistical Inquiry. Making Sense of Experience. What is Statistics? Descriptive and Inferential Statistics. Collecting a Sample. 2. Describing our Sample. Statistical Variables. Error, Accuracy, and Approximations. 3. Summarizing our Data. Tables and Diagrams. Central Tendency (Averages). Measures of Dispersion. 4. The Shape of a Distribution. Skewed Distributions. Introducing the Normal Distribution. Proportions Under the Normal Curve. Comparing Values. 4. From Sample to Population. Estimates and Inferences. The Logic of Sampling. A Distribution of Sample-Means. Estimating the Population-Mean. Estimating Other Parameters. 5. Comparing Samples. From the Same or Different Populations? Significance Testing. The Significance of Significance. Comparing Dispersions. Non-Parametric Methods. 6. Further Matters of Significance. One- Versus Two-Tailed Tests. Z-Tests and T-Tests. Comparing Several Means. Comparing Proportions. 7. Analyzing Relationships. Paired Values. Three Kinds of Correlation. The Strength of a Correlation. The Significance of a Correlation Coefficient. Interpreting a Correlation Coefficient. Prediction and Regression. Postscript. Review. Caution.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780205395095 20160528
This classic book uses words and diagrams, rather than formulas and equations, to help readers understand what statistics is, and how to think statistically. It focuses on the ideas behind statistics only; readers are not required to perform any calculations.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780205395095 20160528
Law Library (Crown)
LAW-8012-01, LAW-8013-01
260 p. ; 24 cm.
What is the role of law in a society in which order is maintained mostly through social norms, trust, and non-legal sanctions? Eric Posner argues that social norms are sometimes desirable yet sometimes odious, and that the law is critical to enhancing good social norms and undermining bad ones. But he also argues that the proper regulation of social norms is a delicate and complex task, and that current understanding of social norms is inadequate for guiding judges and lawmakers. What is needed, and what this book offers, is a model of the relationship between law and social norms. The model shows that people's concern with establishing co-operative relationships leads them to engage in certain kinds of imitative behaviour. The resulting behavioural patterns are called social norms. Posner applies the model to several areas of law that involves the regulation of social norms, including laws governing gift-giving and non-profit organisations; family law; criminal law; laws governing speech, voting and discrimination; and contract law. Among the engaging questions posed are: would the legalisation of gay marriage harm traditional married couples? is it beneficial to shame criminals? why should the law reward those who make charitable contributions? would people vote more if non-voters were penalised? The author approaches these questions using the tools of game theory, but his arguments are simply stated and make no technical demands on the reader.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780674001565 20160528
Law Library (Crown)
xxvi, 714 p. ; 24 cm.
  • Part I A General considerations: the concept of comparative law-- the functions and aims of comparative law-- the method of comparative law-- the history of comparative law. Part I B The legal families of the world: the style of legal families - the romanistic legal family, the history of French law, the spirit and essential features of the code civil, the reception of the code civil-- courts and lawyers in France and Italy-- the Germanic legal family - the history of German law, the German civil code, the general civil code of Austria, the Swiss civil code-- the Anglo-American legal family - the development of the English common law, courts and lawyers in England, the spread of the common law throughout the world, the law of the United States of America, law-finding and procedure in common law and civil law-- the Nordic legal family - Scandinavian law, past and present-- law in the Far East-- Chinese law-- Japanese Law-- religious legal systems-- Islamic law-- Hindu law. Part II A Contract: the formation of contracts - juristic act, contract, and general conditions of business, contractual capacity, offer and acceptance, illegality and immorality, indicia of seriousness, the construction of contracts, mistake, deceit, and duress, representation, assignment, contracts for the benefit of third parties-- the performance of contracts - claims to performance and their enforcement, breach of contract, the effect of supervening events. Part II B Unjustified enrichment: unjustified enrichment in general-- unjustified enrichment specific topics. Part II C Tort: tort in general-- liability for others-- strict liability-- invasions of the right of personality.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198268604 20160528
  • PART I-- Abbreviations-- Table of Cases-- A. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS-- 1. The Concept of Comparative Law-- 2. The Functions and Aims of Comparative Law-- 3. The Method of Comparative Law-- 4. The History of Comparative Law-- B. THE LEGAL FAMILIES OF THE WORLD-- 5. The Style of Legal Families-- I. THE ROMANISTIC LEGAL FAMILY-- 6. The History of French Law-- 7. The Spirit and Essential Features of the Code Civil-- 8. The Reception of the Code Civil-- 9. Courts and Lawyers in France and Italy-- BII. THE GERMANIC LEGAL FAMILY-- 10. The History of German Law-- 11. The German Civil Code-- 12. The General Civil Code of Austria-- 13. The Swiss Civil Code-- III. THE ANGLO-AMERICAN LEGAL FAMILY-- 14. The Development of the English Common Law-- 15. Courts and Lawyers in England-- 16. The Spread of the Common Law Throughout the World-- 17. The Law of the United States of America-- 18. Law-Finding and Procedure in Common Law and Civil Law-- IV. THE NORDIC LEGAL FAMILY-- 19. Scandinavian Law, Past and Present-- V. LAW IN THE FAR EAST-- 20. Chinese Law-- 21. Japanese Law-- VI. RELIGIOUS LEGAL SYSTEMS-- 22. Islamic Law-- 23. Hindu Law-- PART II-- A. CONTRACT-- I. THE FORMATION OF CONTRACTS-- 24. Juristic Act, Contract, and General Conditions of Business-- 25. Contractual Capacity-- 26. Offer and Acceptance-- 27. Illegality and Immorality-- 28. Indicia of Seriousness-- 29. The Construction of Contracts-- 30. Mistake, Deceit, and Duress-- 31. Representation-- 32. Assignment-- 33. Contracts for the Benefit of Third Parties-- II. THE PERFORMANCE OF CONTRACTS-- 34. Claims to Performance and Their Enforcement-- 35. Breach of Contract-- 36. The Effect of Supervening Events-- B. UNJUSTIFIED ENRICHMENT-- 37. Unjustified Enrichment in General-- 38. Unjustified Enrichment Specific Topics-- C. TORT-- 39. Tort in General-- 40. Liability for others-- 41. Strict Liability-- 42. Invasions of the Right of Personality.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198268598 20160528
This is the English version of the third (1996) German edition. It is fully revised and updated, some chapters being added and others dropped, but the familiar structure and easy style remain much the same. Firstly, the book discusses the nature of comparative law, its functions, aims, methods and history, then it surveys the main features of the major legal families of the world. In the second part the book provides a model of comparative law in action, comparing, contrasting and evaluating the different approaches (and the less different solutions) to problems of the law of obligations in the major systems of private law. In addition to offering a grounding in comparative private law, the book may also be used as a base for further research.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198268604 20160528
This third edition of the modern classic Zweigert & Kotz's Introduction to Comparative Law is fully revised and updated, but its familiar structure and easy style remain the same. The book first discusses the nature of Comparative Law, its functions, aims, methods and history, and then it surveys the main features of the major legal families of the world. In the second part it provides a model of comparative law in action, comparing, contrasting and evaluating the different approaches and solutions of the major legal systems. As well as offering an excellent grounding in comparative private law, this book is an essential base for further research.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780198268598 20160528
Law Library (Crown)
LAW-697-01, LAW-8013-01
viii, 152 p. ; 24 cm.
  • Part I. Institutions: 1. An introduction to institutions and institutional change-- 2. Cooperation: the theoretical problem-- 3. The behavioural assumptions in a theory of institutions-- 4. A transaction cost theory of exchange-- 5. Informal constraints-- 6. Formal constraints-- 7. Enforcement-- 8. Institutions and transaction and transformation costs-- Part II. Institutional Change: 9. Organizations, learning, and institutional change-- 10. Stability and institutional change-- 11. The path of institutional change-- Part III. Economic Performance: 12. Institutions, economic theory, and economic performance-- 13. Stablity and change in economic history-- 14. Incorporating institutional analysis into economic history: prospects and puzzles.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521394161 20160528
Continuing his groundbreaking analysis of economic structures, Douglass North develops an analytical framework for explaining the ways in which institutions and institutional change affect the performance of economies, both at a given time and over time. Institutions exist, he argues, due to the uncertainties involved in human interaction; they are the constraints devised to structure that interaction. Yet, institutions vary widely in their consequences for economic performance; some economies develop institutions that produce growth and development, while others develop institutions that produce stagnation. North first explores the nature of institutions and explains the role of transaction and production costs in their development. The second part of the book deals with institutional change. Institutions create the incentive structure in an economy, and organisations will be created to take advantage of the opportunities provided within a given institutional framework. North argues that the kinds of skills and knowledge fostered by the structure of an economy will shape the direction of change and gradually alter the institutional framework. He then explains how institutional development may lead to a path-dependent pattern of development. In the final part of the book, North explains the implications of this analysis for economic theory and economic history. He indicates how institutional analysis must be incorporated into neo-classical theory and explores the potential for the construction of a dynamic theory of long-term economic change. Douglass C. North is Director of the Center of Political Economy and Professor of Economics and History at Washington University in St. Louis. He is a past president of the Economic History Association and Western Economics Association and a Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has written over sixty articles for a variety of journals and is the author of The Rise of the Western World: A New Economic History (CUP, 1973, with R.P. Thomas) and Structure and Change in Economic History (Norton, 1981). Professor North is included in Great Economists Since Keynes edited by M. Blaug (CUP, 1988 paperback ed.).
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521394161 20160528
Law Library (Crown)