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Book
xx, 444 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
  • Introduction
  • Rising incarceration rates
  • Policies and practices contributing to high rates of incarceration
  • The underlying causes of rising incarceration : crime, politics, and social change
  • The crime prevention effects of incarceration
  • The experience of imprisonment
  • Consequences for health and mental health
  • Consequences for employment and earnings
  • Consequences for families and children
  • Consequences for communities
  • Wider consequences for U.S. society
  • The prison in society : values and principles
  • Findings, conclusions, and implications.
After decades of stability from the 1920s to the early 1970s, the rate of imprisonment in the United States more than quadrupled during the last four decades. The U.S. penal population of 2.2 million adults is by far the largest in the world. Just under one-quarter of the world's prisoners are held in American prisons. The U.S. rate of incarceration, with nearly 1 out of every 100 adults in prison or jail, is 5 to 10 times higher than the rates in Western Europe and other democracies. The U.S. prison population is largely drawn from the most disadvantaged part of the nation's population: mostly men under age 40, disproportionately minority, and poorly educated. Prisoners often carry additional deficits of drug and alcohol addictions, mental and physical illnesses, and lack of work preparation or experience. The growth of incarceration in the United States during four decades has prompted numerous critiques and a growing body of scientific knowledge about what prompted the rise and what its consequences have been for the people imprisoned, their families and communities, and for U.S. society. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States examines research and analysis of the dramatic rise of incarceration rates and its affects. This study makes the case that the United States has gone far past the point where the numbers of people in prison can be justified by social benefits and has reached a level where these high rates of incarceration themselves constitute a source of injustice and social harm. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States recommends changes in sentencing policy, prison policy, and social policy to reduce the nation's reliance on incarceration. The report also identifies important research questions that must be answered to provide a firmer basis for policy. The study assesses the evidence and its implications for public policy to inform an extensive and thoughtful public debate about and reconsideration of policies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780309298018 20160613
Law Library (Crown)
LAW-2010-01, LAW-757-01
Book
764 p. ; 26 cm.
  • Sentencing and corrections : history and present context
  • Sentencing
  • Corrections.
It is no secret that America's sentencing and corrections systems are in crisis, and neither system can be understood or repaired fully without careful consideration of the other. This handbook examines the intertwined and multi-layered fields of American sentencing and corrections from global and historical viewpoints, from theoretical and policy perspectives, and with close attention to many problem-specific arenas. Editors Joan Petersilia and Kevin R. Reitz, both leaders in their respective fields, bring together a group of preeminent scholars to present state-of-the art research, investigate current practices, and explore the implications of new and varied approaches wherever possible. The handbook's contributors bridge the gap between research and policy across a range of topics including an overview of mass incarceration and its collateral effects, explorations of sentencing theories and their applications, analyses of the full spectrum of correctional options, and first-hand accounts of life inside of and outside of prison. Individual chapters reflect expertise and source materials from multiple fields including criminology, law, sociology, psychology, public policy, economics, political science, and history. Proving that the problems of sentencing and corrections, writ large, cannot be addressed effectively or comprehensively within the confines of any one discipline, The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections is a vital reference volume on these two related and central components of America's ongoing experiment in mass incarceration.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199730148 20160608
Law Library (Crown)
LAW-2010-01, LAW-757-01
Video
1 videodisc (84 min.) : sd., b&w ; 4 3/4 in.
Filmed at the Massachusetts Correctional Institution, Bridgewater, scenes of the daily life and treatment of the men are interspersed with shots from the inmates' talent show.
Law Library (Crown)
LAW-224A-01, LAW-224B-06, LAW-757-01
Video
1 videocassette (84 min.) : sd., b&w. ; 1/2 in.
A documentary account of life in a prison for the criminally insane, located in Bridgewater, Mass. Shows scenes of the daily life of the men, interspersed with shots from the inmates' talent show, the "Titicut follies".
Law Library (Crown)
LAW-224A-01, LAW-224B-06, LAW-757-01