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Book
xi, 338 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
  • International norm change
  • Plunder and the spoils of victory
  • Napoleonic plunder and the emergence of norms
  • The international law activists : elaborating norms in the nineteenth century
  • The Great War and the protection of art
  • Nazi plunder : strengthening the rules
  • Codifying norms : Nuremberg and the Hague
  • War in the 1990s : crimes against cultural heritage
  • Repercussions of Nazi plunder : internalizing international norms
  • Baghdad and beyond
  • Dynamics of international norm change.
For much of history, the rules of war decreed that "to the victor go the spoils." The winners in warfare routinely seized for themselves the artistic and cultural treasures of the defeated; plunder constituted a marker of triumph. By the twentieth century, international norms declared the opposite, that cultural monuments should be shielded from destruction or seizure. Prohibiting Plunder traces and explains the emergence of international rules against wartime looting of cultural treasures, and explores how anti-plunder norms have developed over the past 200 years. The book covers highly topical events including the looting of thousands of antiquities from the Iraqi National Museum in Baghdad, and the return of "Holocaust Art" by prominent museums, including the highly publicized return of five Klimt paintings from the Austrian Gallery to a Holocaust survivor. The historical narrative includes first-hand reports, official documents, and archival records. Equally important, the book uncovers the debates and negotiations that produced increasingly clear and well-defined anti-plunder norms. The historical accounts in Prohibiting Plunder serve as confirming examples of an important dynamic of international norm change. Rules evolve in cycles; in each cycle, specific actions trigger arguments about the meaning and application of rules, and those arguments in turn modify the rules. International norms evolve through a succession of such cycles, each one drawing on previous developments and each one reshaping the normative context for subsequent actions and disputes. Prohibiting Plunder shows how historical episodes interlinked to produce modern, treaty-based rules against wartime plunder of cultural treasures.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780195337235 20160612
Law Library (Crown)
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Video
1 videodisc (116 min.) : sd., col. ; 4 3/4 in.
"An epic journey through seven countries, into the violent whirlwind of fanaticism, greed, and warfare that threatened to wipe out the artistic heritage of Europe. For twelve long years, the Nazis looted and destroyed art on a scale unprecedented in history. But heroic young art historians and curators from America and across Europe fought back with a miraculous campaign to rescue and return millions of lost, hidden and stolen treasures" -- Menemsha Films website.
Law Library (Crown)
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