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Book
387 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
  • The narrowing meaning of rape
  • The crime of seduction
  • Empowering white women
  • Contesting the rape of Black women
  • The racialization of rape and lynching
  • African Americans redefine sexual violence
  • Raising the age of consent
  • From protection to sexualization
  • The sexual vulnerability of boys
  • "Smashing the masher"
  • After suffrage
  • The anti-lynching movement
  • Scottsboro and its legacies
  • The enduring politics of rape.
Rape has never had a universally accepted definition, and the uproar over "legitimate rape" during the 2012 U.S. elections confirms that it remains a word in flux. "Redefining Rape" tells the story of the forces that have shaped the meaning of sexual violence in the United States, through the experiences of accusers, assailants, and advocates for change. In this ambitious new history, Estelle Freedman demonstrates that our definition of rape has depended heavily on dynamics of political power and social privilege. The long-dominant view of rape in America envisioned a brutal attack on a chaste white woman by a male stranger, usually an African American. From the early nineteenth century, advocates for women's rights and racial justice challenged this narrow definition and the sexual and political power of white men that it sustained. Between the 1870s and the 1930s, at the height of racial segregation and lynching, and amid the campaign for woman suffrage, women's rights supporters and African American activists tried to expand understandings of rape in order to gain legal protection from coercive sexual relations, assaults by white men on black women, street harassment, and the sexual abuse of children. By redefining rape, they sought to redraw the very boundaries of citizenship. Freedman narrates the victories, defeats, and limitations of these and other reform efforts. The modern civil rights and feminist movements, she points out, continue to grapple with both the insights and the dilemmas of these first campaigns to redefine rape in American law and culture.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780674724846 20160612
Green Library
HISTORY-351F
Book
ix, 380 p. : ill ; 24 cm.
  • Introduction: The mismeasure of crime
  • Saving the nation : the racial data revolution and the negro problem
  • Writing crime into race : racial criminalization and the dawn of Jim Crow
  • Incriminating culture : the limits of racial liberalism in the progressive era
  • Preventing crime : white and black reformers in Philadelphia
  • Fighting crime : politics and prejudice in the city of brotherly love
  • Policing racism : Jim Crow justice in the urban north
  • Conclusion: The conundrum of criminality.
Lynch mobs, chain gangs, and popular views of black southern criminals that defined the Jim Crow South are well known. We know less about the role of the urban North in shaping views of race and crime in American society. Following the 1890 census, the first to measure the generation of African Americans born after slavery, crime statistics, new migration and immigration trends, and symbolic references to America as the promised land of opportunity were woven into a cautionary tale about the exceptional threat black people posed to modern urban society. Excessive arrest rates and overrepresentation in northern prisons were seen by many whites - liberals and conservatives, northerners and southerners - as indisputable proof of blacks' inferiority. In the heyday of 'separate but equal, ' what else but pathology could explain black failure in the 'land of opportunity'? The idea of black criminality was crucial to the making of modern urban America, as were African Americans' own ideas about race and crime. Chronicling the emergence of deeply embedded notions of black people as a dangerous race of criminals by explicit contrast to working-class whites and European immigrants, this fascinating book reveals the influence such ideas have had on urban development and social policies.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780674062115 20160604
Green Library, Law Library (Crown)
HISTORY-351F
Book
xii, 538 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Blood compacts : Spanish colonialism and the invention of the Filipino
  • From hide to heart : the Philippine-American war as race war
  • Dual mandates : collaboration and the racial state
  • Tensions of exposition : mixed messages at the St. Louis World's Fair
  • Representative men : the politics of nation-building
  • Empire and exclusion : ending the Philippine invasion of the United States
  • The difference empire made.
In 1899 the United States, having announced its arrival as a world power during the Spanish-Cuban-American War, inaugurated a brutal war of imperial conquest against the Philippine Republic. Over the next five decades, U.S. imperialists justified their colonial empire by crafting novel racial ideologies adapted to new realities of collaboration and anticolonial resistance. In this pathbreaking, transnational study, Paul A. Kramer reveals how racial politics served U.S. empire, and how empire-building in turn transformed ideas of race and nation in both the United States and the Philippines. Kramer argues that Philippine-American colonial history was characterized by struggles over sovereignty and recognition. In the wake of a racial-exterminist war, U.S. colonialists, in dialog with Filipino elites, divided the Philippine population into "civilized" Christians and "savage" animists and Muslims. The former were subjected to a calibrated colonialism that gradually extended them self-government as they demonstrated their "capacities." The latter were governed first by Americans, then by Christian Filipinos who had proven themselves worthy of shouldering the "white man's burden." Ultimately, however, this racial vision of imperial nation-building collided with U.S. nativist efforts to insulate the United States from its colonies, even at the cost of Philippine independence. Kramer provides an innovative account of the global transformations of race and the centrality of empire to twentieth-century U.S. and Philippine histories.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780807829851 20160528
Green Library
HISTORY-351F