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Book
viii, 258 pages ; 22 cm
  • Introduction: worms and water pumps: how can you do the most good?
  • You are the 1 percent: just how much can you achieve?
  • Hard trade-offs: question #1: how many people benefit, and by how much?
  • How you can save hundreds of lives: question #2: is this the most effective thing you can do?
  • Why you shouldn't donate to disaster relief: question #3: is this area neglected?
  • The best person who ever lived is an unknown Ukrainian man: question #4: what would have happed otherwise?
  • Why voting is like donating thousands of dollars to charity: question #5: what are the chances of success, and how good would success be?
  • Overhead costs, CEO pay, and other confusions: which charities make the most difference?
  • The moral case for sweatshop goods: how can consumers make the most difference?
  • Don't "follow your passion": which careers make the most difference?
  • Poverty versus climate change versus ... : which causes are most important?
  • Conclusion: becoming an effective altruist: what should you do right now?
  • Appendix: thinking like an effective altruist: the five key questions of effective altruism.
Green Library
ETHICSOC-136R-01
Book
xii, 209 pages ; 22 cm
  • RACHELS, THE ELEMENTS OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY, 8E TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. WHAT IS MORALITY? 1.1.â â The Problem of Definition 1.2.â â First Example: Baby Theresa 1.3.â â Second Example: Jodie and Mary 1.4.â â Third Example: Tracy Latimer 1.5.â â Reason and Impartiality 1.6.â â The Minimum Conception of Morality 2. THE CHALLENGE OF CULTURAL RELATIVISM 2.1.â â Different Cultures Have Different Moral Codes 2.2.â â Cultural Relativism 2.3.â â The Cultural Differences Argument 2.4.â â What Follows from Cultural Relativism 2.5.â â Why There Is Less Disagreement Than It Seems 2.6.â â Some Values Are Shared by All Cultures 2.7.â â Judging a Cultural Practice to Be Undesirable 2.8.â â Back to the Five Claims 2.9.â â What We Can Learn from Cultural Relativism 3. SUBJECTIVISM IN ETHICS 3.1.â â The Basic Idea of Ethical Subjectivism 3.2.â â The Linguistic Turn 3.3.â â The Denial of Value 3.4.â â Ethics and Science 3.5.â â The Question of Same-Sex Relations 4. DOES MORALITY DEPEND ON RELIGION? 4.1.â â The Presumed Connection between Morality and Religion 4.2.â â The Divine Command Theory 4.3.â â The Theory of Natural Law 4.4.â â Religion and Particular Moral Issues 5. ETHICAL EGOISM 5.1.â â Is There a Duty to Help the Starving? 5.2.â â Psychological Egoism 5.3.â â Three Arguments for Ethical Egoism 5.4.â â Three Arguments against Ethical Egoism 6. THE SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY 6.1.â â Hobbes's Argument 6.2.â â The Prisoner's Dilemma 6.3.â â Some Advantages of the Social Contract Theory 6.4.â â The Problem of Civil Disobedience 6.5.â â Difficulties for the Theory 7. THE UTILITARIAN APPROACH 7.1.â â The Revolution in Ethics 7.2.â â First Example: Euthanasia 7.3.â â Second Example: Marijuana 7.4.â â Third Example: Nonhuman Animals 8. THE DEBATE OVER UTILITARIANISM 8.1.â â The Classical Version of the Theory 8.2.â â Is Pleasure All That Matters? 8.3.â â Are Consequences All That Matter? 8.4.â â Should We Be Equally Concerned for Everyone? 8.5.â â The Defense of Utilitarianism 8.6.â â Concluding Thoughts 9. ARE THERE ABSOLUTE MORAL RULES? 9.1.â â Harry Truman and Elizabeth Anscombe 9.2.â â The Categorical Imperative 9.3.â â Kant's Arguments on Lying 9.4.â â Conflicts between Rules 9.5.â â Kant's Insight 10. KANT AND RESPECT FOR PERSONS 10.1.â â Kant's Core Ideas 10.2.â â Retribution and Utility in the Theory of Punishment 10.3.â â Kant's Retributivism 11. FEMINISM AND THE ETHICS OF CARE 11.1.â â Do Women and Men Think Differently about Ethics? 11.2.â â Implications for Moral Judgment 11.3.â â Implications for Ethical Theory 12. VIRTUE ETHICS 12.1.â â The Ethics of Virtue and the Ethics of Right Action 12.2.â â The Virtues 12.3.â â Two Advantages of Virtue Ethics 12.4.â â Virtue and Conduct 12.5.â â The Problem of Incompleteness 12.6.â â Conclusion 13. WHAT WOULD A SATISFACTORY MORAL THEORY BE LIKE? 13.1.â â Morality without Hubris 13.2.â â Treating People as They Deserve 13.3.â â A Variety of Motives 13.4.â â Multiple-Strategies Utilitarianism 13.5.â â The Moral Community 13.6.â â Justice and Fairness 13.7.â â Conclusion Notes on Sources Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780078119064 20180219
The Elements of Moral Philosophy 8th edition is a best-selling text for undergraduate courses in ethics. Thirteen thought-provoking chapters introduce readers to major moral concepts and theories in philosophy through clear, understandable explanations and compelling discussions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780078119064 20180219
Green Library
ETHICSOC-136R-01
Book
xiii, 211 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
Peter Singer's books and ideas have been disturbing our complacency ever since the appearance of Animal Liberation. Now he directs our attention to a new movement in which his own ideas have played a crucial role: effective altruism. Effective altruism is built upon the simple but profound idea that living a fully ethical life involves doing the "most good you can do." Such a life requires an unsentimental view of charitable giving: to be a worthy recipient of our support, an organization must be able to demonstrate that it will do more good with our money or our time than other options open to us. Singer introduces us to an array of remarkable people who are restructuring their lives in accordance with these ideas, and shows how living altruistically often leads to greater personal fulfillment than living for oneself. The Most Good You Can Do develops the challenges Singer has made, in the New York Times and Washington Post, to those who donate to the arts, and to charities focused on helping our fellow citizens, rather than those for whom we can do the most good. Effective altruists are extending our knowledge of the possibilities of living less selfishly, and of allowing reason, rather than emotion, to determine how we live. The Most Good You Can Do offers new hope for our ability to tackle the world's most pressing problems.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780300180275 20160618
Green Library
ETHICSOC-136R-01
Book
155 p. 21 cm.
  • 1. An outline of a system of utilitarian ethics J. J. C. Smart-- 2. A critique of utilitarianism Bernard Williams-- Bibliography J. J. C. Smart.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521202978 20160528
Two essays on utilitarianism, written from opposite points of view, by J. J. C. Smart and Bernard Williams. In the first part of the book Professor Smart advocates a modern and sophisticated version of classical utilitarianism; he tries to formulate a consistent and persuasive elaboration of the doctrine that the rightness and wrongness of actions is determined solely by their consequences, and in particular their consequences for the sum total of human happiness. This is a revised version of Professor Smart's famous essay 'an outline of a system of utilitarian ethics', first published in 1961 but long unobtainable. In Part II Bernard Williams offers a sustained and vigorous critique of utilitarian assumptions, arguments and ideals. He finds inadequate the theory of action implied by utilitarianism, and he argues that utilitarianism fails to engage at a serious level with the real problems of moral and political philosophy, and fails to make sense of notions such as integrity, or even human happiness itself. Both authors are agreed on utilitarianism's importance: it cuts across a number of different philosophical disputes and combines a systematic account of mata-ethical problems with a distinctive and substantive moral stand. It thus is, or involves, philosophy in both the traditional and the narrower, professional sense of the word, and is a key topic (often the first topic) in introductory philosophy courses. This book should also be of interest to welfare economists, political scientists and decision-theorists.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780521202978 20160528
Green Library, Philosophy Library (Tanner), SAL3 (off-campus storage)
ETHICSOC-136R-01