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Book
viii, 352 p. ; 24 cm.
  • Introduction.I Some Cautions About Our Moral Judgements.II Four Easy Reasons to Ignore World Poverty.III Sophisticated Defenses of our acquiescence in world poverty.IV Does Our New Global Economic Order Really Not Harm the Poor?.V Responsibilities and Reforms.Chapter 1: Human Flourishing and Universal Justice.1. 0 Introduction.1. 1 Social Justice.1. 2 Paternalism.1. 3 Justice in First Approximation.1. 4 Essential Refinements.1. 5 Human Rights.1. 6 Specification of Human Rights and Responsibilities for their Realization.1. 7 Conclusion.Chapter 2: How Should Human Rights be Conceived?.2. 0 Introduction.2. 1 From Natural Law to Rights.2. 2 From Natural Rights to Human Rights.2. 3 Official Disrespect.2. 4 The Libertarian Critique of Social and Economic Rights.2. 5 The Critique of Social and Economic Rights as 'Manifesto Rights'.2. 6 Disputes about Kinds of Human Rights.Chapter 3: Loopholes in Moralities.3. 0 Introduction.3. 1 Types of Incentives.3. 2 Loopholes.3. 3 Social Arrangements.3. 4 Case 1: The Converted Apartment Building.3. 5 Case 2: The Homelands Policy of White South Africa.3. 6 An Objection.3. 7 Strengthening.3. 8 Fictional Histories.3. 9 Puzzles of Equivalence.3. 10 Conclusion.Chapter 4: Moral Universalism and Global Economic Justice.4. 0 Introduction.4. 1 Moral Universalism.4. 2 Our Moral Assessment of National and Global Economic Orders.4. 3 Some Factual Background about the Global Economic Order.4. 3. 1 The Extent of World Poverty.4. 3. 2 The Extent of Global Inequality.4. 3. 3 Trends in World Poverty and Inequality.4. 4 Conceptions of National and Global Economic Justice Contrasted.4. 5 Moral Universalism and David Miller's Contextualism.4. 6 Contextualist Moral Universalism and John Rawls's Moral Conception.4. 7 Rationalizing Divergent Moral Conceptions Through a Double Standard.4. 8 Rationalizing Divergent Moral Conceptions Without a Double Standard.4. 9 The Causal Role of Global Institutions in the Persistence of Severe Poverty.4. 10 Conclusion.Chapter 5: The Bounds of Nationalism.5. 0 Introduction.5. 1 Common Nationalism - Priority for the Interests of Compatriots.5. 2 Lofty Nationalism - The Justice-for-Compatriots Priority.5. 3 Explanatory Nationalism - The Deep Significance of National Borders.5. 4 Conclusion.Chapter 6: Achieving Democracy.6. 0 Introduction.6. 1 The Structure of the Problem Faced by Fledgling Democracies.6. 2 Reducing the Expected Rewards of Coups d'Etat.6. 3 Undermining the Borrowing Privilege of Authoritarian Predators.6. 3. 1 The Criterial Problem.6. 3. 2 The Tit-For-Tat Problem.6. 3. 3 The Establishment Problem.6. 3. 4 Synthesis.6. 4 Undermining the Resource Privilege of Authoritarian Predators.6. 5 Conclusion.Chapter 7: Cosmopolitanism and Sovereignty.7. 0 Introduction.7. 1 Institutional Cosmopolitanism Based on Human Rights.7. 2 The Idea of State Sovereignty.7. 3 Some Main Reasons for a Vertical Dispersal of Sovereignty.7. 3. 1 Peace and Security.7. 3. 2 Reducing Oppression.7. 3. 3 Global Economic Justice.7. 3. 4 Ecology/Democracy.7. 4 The Shaping and Reshaping of Political Units.7. 5 Conclusion.Chapter 8: Eradicating Systemic Poverty: Brief for a Global Resources Dividend.8. 0 Introduction.8. 1 Radical Inequality and Our Responsibility.8. 2 Three Grounds of Injustice.8. 2. 1 The Effects of Shared Social Institutions.8. 2. 2 Uncompensated Exclusion from the Use of Natural Resources.8. 2. 3 The Effects of a Common and Violent History.8. 3 A Moderate Proposal.8. 4 The Moral Argument for the Proposed Reform.8. 5 Is the Reform Proposal Realistic?.8. 6 Conclusion.Chapter 9: Pharmaceutical Innovation: Must We Exclude the Poor? .9.0 Introduction.9.1 The TRIPS Agreement and its aftermath.9.2 The argument from beneficial consequences.9.3 Toward a better way of stimulating research and development of essential medicines.9.4 Differential pricing.9.5 The public-good strategy for extending access to essential medicines.9.6 A full-pull plan for the provision of pharmaceuticals.9.7 Specifying and implementing the basic full-pull idea.9.8 Justifying the plan to affluent citizens and their representatives.Last Words.Notes.Bibliography.Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780745641430 20160528
Some 2.5 billion human beings live in severe poverty, deprived of such essentials as adequate nutrition, safe drinking water, basic sanitation, adequate shelter, literacy, and basic health care. One third of all human deaths are from poverty-related causes: 18 million annually, including over 10 million children under five.However huge in human terms, the world poverty problem is tiny economically. Just 1 percent of the national incomes of the high-income countries would suffice to end severe poverty worldwide. Yet, these countries, unwilling to bear an opportunity cost of this magnitude, continue to impose a grievously unjust global institutional order that foreseeably and avoidably perpetuates the catastrophe. Most citizens of affluent countries believe that we are doing nothing wrong.Thomas Pogge seeks to explain how this belief is sustained. He analyses how our moral and economic theorizing and our global economic order have adapted to make us appear disconnected from massive poverty abroad. Dispelling the illusion, he also offers a modest, widely sharable standard of global economic justice and makes detailed, realistic proposals toward fulfilling it. Thoroughly updated, the second edition of this classic book incorporates responses to critics and a new chapter introducing Pogge's current work on pharmaceutical patent reform.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780745641430 20160528
Green Library
ETHICSOC-136R-01, INTNLREL-136R-01, PHIL-76-01, POLISCI-136R-01, POLISCI-336-01
Book
vi, 298 p. ; 25 cm.
  • 1. Introduction-- 2. Cosmopolitanism-- 3. Global Egalitarianism-- 4. Two Concepts of Responsibility-- 5. National Responsibility-- 6. Inheriting Responsibilities-- 7. Human Rights: Setting the Global Minimum-- 8. Immigration and Territorial Rights-- 9. Responsibilities to the World's Poor-- 10. Conclusion-- Bibliography-- Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199235056 20160528
Oxford Political Theory presents the best new work in contemporary political theory. It is intended to be broad in scope, including original contributions to political philosophy, and also work in applied political theory. The series will contain works of outstanding quality with no restriction as to approach or subject matter. Series Editors: Will Kymlicka, David Miller, and Alan Ryan. This book presents a non-cosmopolitan theory of global justice. In contrast to theories that seek to extend principles of social justice, such as equality of opportunity or resources, to the world as a whole, it argues that in a world made up of self-determining national communities, a different conception is needed. The book presents and defends an account of national responsibility which entails that nations may justifiably claim the benefits that their decisions and policies produce, while also being held liable for harms that they inflict on other peoples. Such collective responsibility extends to responsibility for the national past, so the present generation may owe redress to those who have been harmed by the actions of their predecessors. Global justice, therefore, must be understood not in terms of equality, but in terms of a minimum set of basic rights that belong to human beings everywhere. Where these rights are being violated or threatened, remedial responsibility may fall on outsiders. The book considers how this responsibility should be allocated, and how far citizens of democratic societies must limit their pursuit of domestic objectives in order to discharge their global obligations. The book presents a systematic challenge to existing theories of global justice without retreating to a narrow nationalism that denies that we have any responsibilities to the world's poor. It combines discussion of practical questions such as immigration and foreign aid with philosophical exploration of, for instance, the different senses of responsibility, and the grounds of human rights.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780199235056 20160528
Green Library
ETHICSOC-136R-01, INTNLREL-136R-01, PHIL-76-01, POLISCI-136R-01, POLISCI-336-01
Book
xxviii, 361 pages ; 21 cm
  • Part 1. The moral reality of war. Against "realism" ; The crime of war ; The rules of war
  • Part 2. The theory of aggression. Law and order in international society ; Anticipations ; Interventions ; War's ends, and the importance of winning
  • Part 3. The war convention. War's means, and the importance of fighting well ; Noncombatant immunity and military necessity ; War against civilians : sieges and blockades ; Guerrilla war ; Terrorism ; Reprisals
  • Part 4. Dilemmas of war. Winning and fighting well ; Aggression and neutrality ; Supreme emergency ; Nuclear deterrence
  • Part 5. The question of responsibility. The crime of aggression : political leaders and citizens ; War crimes : soldiers and their officers
  • Afterword: nonviolence and the theory of war.
From the Athenian attack on Melos to the My Lai Massacre, from the wars in the Balkans through the first war in Iraq, Michael Walzer examines the moral issues surrounding military theory, war crimes, and the spoils of war. He studies a variety of conflicts over the course of history, as well as the testimony of those who have been most directly involved--participants, decision makers, and victims. In his introduction to this new edition, Walzer specifically addresses the moral issues surrounding the war in and occupation of Iraq, reminding us once again that "the argument about war and justice is still a political and moral necessity.".
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780465037070 20170130
Green Library
ETHICSOC-136R-01, INTNLREL-136R-01, PHIL-76-01, POLISCI-136R-01, POLISCI-336-01
Book
xiv, 155 p. ; 21 cm.
  • Patriotism and cosmopolitanism / Martha C. Nussbaum
  • Cosmopolitan patriots / Kwame Anthony Appiah
  • Constitutional faith / Benjamin R. Barber
  • From part to whole / Sissela Bok
  • Universality in culture / Judith Butler
  • Revisioning cosmopolitanism / Richard Falk
  • Limits of loyalty / Nathan Glazer
  • Democratic citizenship / Amy Gutmann
  • The illusions of cosmopolitanism / Gertrude Himmelfarb
  • Don't neglect the little platoons / Michael W. McConnell
  • Eros against Esperanto / Robert Pinsky
  • Must we choose between patriotism and universal reason? / Hilary Putnam
  • The difficulty of imaging other people / Elaine Scarry
  • Humanity and citizenship / Amartya Sen
  • Why democracy needs patriotism / Charles Taylor
  • Neither patriotism nor cosmopolitanism / Immanuel Wallerstein
  • Spheres of affection / Michael Walzer --- Reply / Martha C. Nussbaum.
Green Library
POLISCI-336-01, ETHICSOC-136R-01, INTNLREL-136R-01, PHIL-76-01, POLISCI-136R-01
Book
viii, 199 p. ; 22 cm.
This work consists of two parts: the essay "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited, " first published in 1997, and "The Law of Peoples, " a major reworking of a much shorter article by the same name published in 1993. Taken together, they are the culmination of more than 50 years of reflection on liberalism anon some of the most pressing problems of our times by John Rawls. The first essay explains why the constraints of public reason, a concept first discussed in "Political Liberalism" (1993), are ones that holders of both religious and non-religious comprehensive views can reasonably endorse. it is rawls's most detailed account of how a modern constitutional democracy, based on a liberal political conception, could and would be viewed as legitimate by reasonable citizens who on religious, philosophical, or moral grounds do not themselves accept a liberal comprehensive doctrine - such as that of Kant, or Mill, or Rawls's own "justice as fairness", presented in "A Theory of Justice" (1971). The second essay extends the idea of a social contract to the society of peoples and lays out the general principles that can and should be accepted by both liberal and non-liberal societies as the standard for regulating their behaviour toward one another. In particular, it draws a crucial distinction between basic human rights and the rights of each citizen of a liberal constitutional democracy. It explores the terms under which such a society may appropriately wage war against an "outlaw society", and discusses the moral grounds for rendering assistance to non-liberal societies burdened by unfavourable political and economic conditions.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780674000797 20160527
Green Library, Law Library (Crown)
ETHICSOC-136R-01, INTNLREL-136R-01, PHIL-76-01, POLISCI-136R-01, POLISCI-336-01