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Book
xxiii, 473 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
  • Preface Symbols INTRODUCTION Overview of Membrane Science and Technology History of Membranes Science and Technology Advantages and Limitations of Membrane Processes The Membrane-Based Industry: Its Structures and Markets Future Developments in Membrane Science and Technology Summary FUNDAMENTALS Introduction Definition of Terms Fundamentals of Mass Transport in Membranes and Membrane Processes Mathematical Description of Mass Transport in Membranes MEMBRANE PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION Introduction Membrane Materials Preparation of Membranes Membrane Characterization PRINCIPLES OF MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSSES Introduction The Principle of Membrane Filtration Processes The Principle of Gas and Vapor Separation The Principle of Dialysis The Principle of Electromembrane Processes The Principle of Membrane Contactors Membrane Reactors Membrane-Based Controlled Release of Active Agents MEMBRANE MODULES AND CONCENTRATION POLARIZATION Introduction Membrane Modules Concentration Polarization and Membrane Fouling MEMBRANE PROCESS DESIGN AND OPERATION Introduction Membrane Filtration Processes Gas Separation Pervaporation Dialysis Electrodialysis and Related Processes APPENDIX A APPENDIX B.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527324514 20160606
Written by a dedicated lecturer and leading membrane scientist, who has worked both in academia and industry, this advanced textbook provides an impressive overview of all aspects of membranes and their applications. Together with numerous industrial case studies, practical examples and questions, the book provides an excellent and comprehensive introduction to the topic. Advanced students as well as process and chemical engineers working in industry will profit from this resource. A significant feature of the book is the treatment of more recently developed membranes and their applications in energy conversion, biomedical components, controlled release devices and environmental engineering with an indication of the present and future commercial impact. The solutions to the questions in the book can be found under http://www.wiley-vch.de/publish/en/books/ISBN3-537-32451-8/ From the Contents: * Introduction * Fundamentals * Membrane Preparation and Characterization * Principles of Membrane Separation Processes * Membrane Modules and Concentration Polarization * Membrane Process Design and Operation.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9783527324514 20160606
Science Library (Li and Ma)
CHEMENG-162-01, CHEMENG-262-01
Book
xxvii, 403 p. : ill. ; 29 cm.
  • PREFACE. LIST OF SYMBOLS. Introduction to Polymer Materials. PART I. 1 The Four Classes of Polymer Materials. 2 The Macromolecular Chain in the Amorphous Bulk Polymer: Static and Dynamic Properties. 3 The Glass Transition. 4 Secondary Relaxations in Amorphous Polymers. 5 Entanglements in Bulk Un-Cross-Linked Polymers. 6 Semicrystalline Polymers. PART II. 7 Elastic and Hyperelastic Behaviors. 8 Linear Viscoelastic Behavior. 9 Anelastic and Viscoplastic Behaviors. 10 Damage and Fracture of Solid Polymers. PART III. 11 Mechanical Properties of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) and Some of Its Random Copolymers. 12 Mechanical Properties of Bisphenol-A Polycarbonate. 13 Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Resins. 14 Polyethylene and Ethylene-a-olefi n Copolymers. 15 High-Modulus Thermoplastic Polymers. PART IV. 16 Mechanical Tests for Studying Impact Behavior. 17 High-Impact Polystyrene. 18 Toughened Poly(Methyl Methacrylate). 19 Toughened Aliphatic Polyamides. 20 Toughened Epoxy Resins. PART V. 21 Chemically Cross-Linked Elastomers. 22 Reinforcement of Elastomers by Fillers. 23 Thermoplastic Elastomers. Appendix: Problems. INDEX.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470616192 20160609
Advanced reviews for Polymer Materials "Molecular modeling of polymers ...is a subject that cannot be found in any other [book] in any appreciable detail...[T]he detailed chapters on specific polymer systems is a great idea." - Gregory Odegard, Michigan Technological University "The polymer community needs a text book which can connect the macroscopic mechanics with mesoscopic and molecular aspects of polymer." - Liangbin Li, University of Science and Technology of China This book takes a unique, multi-scale approach to the mechanical properties of polymers, covering both the macroscopic and molecular levels unlike any other book on the market. Based on the authors' extensive research and writing in the field, Polymer Materials emphasizes the relationships between the chemical structure and the mechanical behavior of polymer materials, providing authoritative guidelines for assessing polymer performance under different conditions and the design of new materials. Key features of this book include:* Experimental results on selected examples precede and reinforce the development of theoretical features* In-depth discussions of a limited number of polymer systems instead of a brief overview of many* Self-contained chapters with a summary of their key points* Comprehensive problems and a solutions manual for the different parts of the book* Coverage of the basics with an emphasis on polymer dynamics An indispensable resource for polymer scientists and students alike, Polymer Materials is also highly useful for material scientists, engineers, chemists, and physicists in industry and academia.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470616192 20160609
Science Library (Li and Ma)
CHEMENG-162-01, CHEMENG-262-01
Book
xxv, 546 p., [4] p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm.
  • PREFACE. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. NOMENCLATURE. I FUEL CELL PRINCIPLES. 1 INTRODUCTION. 1.1 What is a Fuel Cell? 1.2 A Simple Fuel Cell. 1.3 Fuel Cell Advantages. 1.4 Fuel Cell Disadvantages. 1.5 Fuel Cell Types. 1.6 Basic Fuel Cell Operation. 1.7 Fuel Cell Performance. 1.8 Characterization and Modeling. 1.9 Fuel Cell Technology. 1.10 Fuel Cells and the Environment. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 2 FUEL CELL THERMODYNAMICS. 2.1 Thermodynamics Review. 2.2 Heat Potential of a Fuel: Enthalpy of Reaction. 2.3 Work Potential of a Fuel: Gibbs Free Energy. 2.4 Predicting Reversible Voltage of a Fuel Cell Under Non-Standard-State Conditions. 2.5 Fuel Cell Efficiency. 2.6 Thermal and Mass Balances in Fuel Cells. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 3 FUEL CELL REACTION KINETICS. 3.1 Introduction to Electrode Kinetics. 3.2 Why Charge Transfer Reactions Have an Activation Energy. 3.3 Activation Energy Determines Reaction Rate. 3.4 Calculating Net Rate of a Reaction. 3.5 Rate of reaction at Equilibrium: Exchange current Density. 3.6 Potential of a Reaction at Equilibrium: Galvani Potential. 3.7 Potential and Rate: Butler-Volmer Equation. 3.8 Exchange Currents and Electrocatalysis: How to Improve Kinetic Performance. 3.9 Simplified Activation Kinetics: Tafel Equation. 3.10 Different Fuel Cell Reactions Produce Different Kinetics. 3.11 Catalyst-Electrode Design. 3.12 Quantum Mechanics: Framework for Understanding Catalysis in Fuel Cells. 3.13 Connecting the Butler-Volmer and Nernst Equations (Optional). Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 4 FUEL CELL CHARGE TRANSPORT. 4.1 Charges Move in Response to Forces. 4.2 Charge Transport Results in a Voltage Loss. 4.3 Characteristics of Fuel Cell Charge Transport Resistance. 4.4 Physical Meaning of Conductivity. 4.5 Review of Fuel Cell Electrolyte Classes. 4.6 More on Diffusivity and Conductivity (Optional). 4.7 Why Electrical Driving Forces Dominate Charge Transport (Optional). 4.8 Quantum Mechanics-Based Simulaton of Ion Conduction in Oxide Electrolytes (Optional). Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 5 FUEL CELL MASS TRANSPORT. 5.1 Transport in Electrode Versus Flow Structure. 5.2 Transport in Electrode: Diffusive Transport. 5.3 Transport in Flow Structures: Convective Transport. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 6 FUEL CELL MODELING. 6.1 Putting It All Together: A Basic Fuel Cell Model. 6.2 A 1D Fuel Cell Model. 6.3 Fuel Cell Models Based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (Optional). Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 7 FUEL CELL CHARACTERIZATION. 7.1 What Do We Want to Characterize? 7.2 Overview of Characterization Techniques. 7.3 In Situ Electrochemical Characterization Techniques. 7.4 Ex Situ Characterization Techniques. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. II FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY. 8 OVERVIEW OF FUEL CELL TYPES. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell. 8.3 Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell. 8.4 Alkaline Fuel Cell. 8.5 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell. 8.6 Solid Oxide Fuel Cell. 8.7 Other Fuel Cells. 8.8 Summary Comparison. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 9 PEMFC AND SOFC MATERIALS. 9.1 PEMFC Electrolyte Materials. 9.2 PEMFC Electrode/Catalyst Materials. 9.3 SOFC Electrolyte Materials. 9.4 SOFC Electrode/Catalyst Materials. 9.5 Material Stability, Durability, And Lifetime. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 10 OVERVIEW OF FUEL CELL SYSTEMS. 10.1 Fuel Cell Stack (Fuel Cell Subsystem). 10.2 The Thermal Management Subsystem. 10.3 Fuel Delivery/Processing Subsystem. 10.4 Power Electronics Subsystem. 10.5 Case Study of Fuel Cell System Design: Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems. 10.6 Case Study of Fuel Cell System Design: Sizing A Portable Fuel Cell. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 11 FUEL PROCESSING SUBSYSTEM DESIGN. 11.1 Fuel Reforming Overview. 11.2 Water-Gas Shift Reactors. 11.3 Carbon Monoxide Clean-Up. 11.4 Reformer and Processor Efficiency Losses. 11.5 Reactor Design for Fuel Reformers and Processors. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 12 THERMAL MANAGEMENT SUBSYSTEM DESIGN. 12.1 Overview of Pinch Point Analysis Steps. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 13 FUEL CELL SYSTEM DESIGN. 13.1 Fuel Cell Design Via Computational Fluid Dynamics. 13.2 Fuel Cell System Design: a Case Study. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. 14 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FUEL CELLS. 14.1 Life Cycle Assessment. 14.2 Important Emissions For LCA. 14.3 Emissions Related to Global Warming. 14.4 Emissions Related to Air Pollution. 14.5 Analyzing Entire Scenarios with LCA. Chapter Summary. Chapter Exercises. APPENDIXES. A CONSTANTS AND CONVERSIONS. B THERMODYNAMIC DATA. C STANDARD ELECTRODE POTENTIALS AT 25 C. D QUANTUM MECHANICS. D.1 Atomic Orbitals. D.2 Postulates of Quantum Mechanics. D.3 One-Dimensional Electron Gas. D.4 Analogy to Column Buckling. D.5 Hydrogen Atom. E PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS. F SUGGESTED FURTHER READING. G IMPORTANT EQUATIONS. BIBLIOGRAPHY. INDEX.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470258439 20160528
As the search for alternative fuels heats up, no topic is hotter than fuel cells. Filling a glaring gap in the literature, "Fuel Cell Fundamentals, Second Edition" gives advanced undergraduate and beginning level graduate students an important introduction to the basic science and engineering behind fuel cell technology. Emphasizing the foundational scientific principles that apply to any fuel cell type or technology, the text provides straightforward descriptions of how fuel cells work, why they offer the potential for high efficiency, and how their unique advantages can best be used.Designed to be accessible to fuel cell beginners, the text is suitable for any engineering or science major with a background in calculus, basic physics, and elementary thermodynamics. This new edition provides updated and enhanced examples, problems, and pedagogy for classroom use and features a significantly enlarged section on the practical applications of fuel cell technology. A solutions manual will be developed.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9780470258439 20160528
Science Library (Li and Ma)
CHEMENG-162-01, CHEMENG-262-01