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xv, 522 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
  • Preface xi About the Authors xiii About the Companion Website xvii 1 The Science of Food and Cooking: Macromolecules 1 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Fundamentals of Food and Cooking 3 1.3 The Real Shape of Food: Molecular Basics 6 References 54 2 The Science of Taste and Smell 55 2.1 Introduction 55 2.2 The Physiology of Taste, Smell, and Flavor 55 2.3 Gustation: The Basics of Taste 58 2.4 Why Do We Taste? 63 2.5 The Diversity of Tastants 64 2.6 Gustation: Signaling Receptors, Cells, and Tissue 66 2.7 Gustation: Membrane Proteins, Membrane Potential, and Sensory Transduction 70 2.8 Olfaction, the other Way to Taste: Basics of Signal Transduction 85 2.9 Texture, Temperature, and Pain 89 2.10 The Absence of Taste and Smell 90 2.11 Conclusion 90 References 91 3 Milk and Ice Cream 93 3.1 Introduction 93 3.2 Biology and Chemistry of Milk: Sugar, Protein, and Fats 96 3.3 Ice Cream 121 References 125 4 Metabolism of Food: Microorganisms and Beyond 127 4.1 Introduction 127 4.2 The Basics of the Cell 128 4.3 Introduction to Basic Metabolism 133 4.4 Catabolism of Glucose (Glycolysis or Fermentation): Glucose to Pyruvate 136 4.5 Fates of Pyruvate: Now What? 138 4.6 Aerobic Respiration: The Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle and Oxidative Phosphorylation 141 4.7 The Electron Transport Chain 143 4.8 Metabolism of other Sugars 148 4.9 Metabolism and Degradation of Fats 149 4.10 Metabolism of Proteins and Amino Acids 152 4.11 Metabolism and Diet 154 4.12 Important Reactions in Metabolism: Oxidation and Hydrolysis 155 Reference 158 5 Cheese, Yogurt, and Sour Cream 159 5.1 Introduction 159 5.2 Milk Curdling and Coagulation 162 5.3 Casein 163 5.4 Whey 167 5.5 More Milk Curdling 168 5.6 Lactobacteria and Fermentation 172 5.7 Removing Moisture from the Cheese 178 5.8 Ripening or Affinage 182 5.9 Blue Cheeses, Molds, and Chemistry 185 5.10 The Smelly Cheeses: Muster and Limburger 188 5.11 Cooking with Cheese 189 5.12 Processed Cheeses 191 Reference 192 6 Browning 193 6.1 Introduction 193 6.2 Chemical Reaction Kinetics 195 6.3 The Maillard Reaction 198 6.4 Factors that Impact Maillard Reaction Browning: pH, Temperature, and Time 204 6.5 Maillard is Complicated 206 6.6 Caramelization: Browning Beyond the Maillard 209 6.7 Ascorbic Acid Browning 217 6.8 Enzyme-catalyzed Browning 218 References 225 7 Fruits and Vegetables 227 7.1 Introduction 227 7.2 Plant Parts and their Molecules 228 7.3 Plants are Comprised of Different Types of Complex Carbohydrate 232 7.4 Harvesting, Cooking, and Eating Plants 240 7.5 Cooking Plants 245 7.6 Colorful and Flavorful Fruits and Vegetables 254 References 271 8 Meat and Fish 273 8.1 Introduction 273 8.2 Muscle Motors: How Muscle Works 274 8.3 Muscle Organization 277 8.4 Tender Connections 279 8.5 Red or White Meat 283 8.6 Death and Becoming Meat 289 8.7 Flavor 296 8.8 Searing to Seal in the Flavor Not! 300 8.9 Stages of Cooking Meat 300 8.10 Let it Rest 302 8.11 Marinating, Brining, Smoking, and Curing 302 References 309 Infographics Plate 1 The science behind Cheese Plate 2 The science behind Cookies Plate 3 The science behind Bread Plate 4 The science behind Green Beans Plate 5 The science behind Hot Sauce Plate 6 The science behind Lemon Souffle Plate 7 The science behind Pot Roast Plate 8 The science behind Great Gravy 9 Eggs, Custards, and Foams 311 9.1 Introduction 311 9.2 What is an Egg? 312 9.3 Inside an Egg 315 9.4 E gg Freshness 317 9.5 E gg Protein 318 9.6 E gg Fats 324 9.7 Cooking Egg Protein 325 9.8 Custards 329 9.9 E gg White Foams 333 9.10 E gg Pasteurization 337 9.11 Heating Egg Protein Causes Chemical Reactions 338 References 341 10 Bread, Cakes, and Pastry 343 10.1 Introduction 343 10.2 Wheat based Flour, Where it Comes from and its Components 344 10.3 Carbohydrates in Flour 346 10.4 Wheat Proteins and Gluten Formation 348 10.5 Yeast Raised Bread 351 10.6 Control of Gluten Formation 357 10.7 The Rising Bread 359 10.8 The Punch and second Rise 361 10.9 Baking 362 10.10 Other Ingredients in Bread 366 10.11 Gluten and Celiac Disease 367 10.12 Muffins and Batter Breads 368 10.13 Chemical Leavening Agents 368 10.14 Baking Soda 370 10.15 Baking Powders 371 10.16 Baking Soda versus Baking Powder 371 10.17 Cakes 372 10.18 Pastries: Flaky Pie Crusts and Puff Pastries 375 Reference 380 11 Seasonings: Salt, Spices, Herbs, and Hot Peppers 381 11.1 Introduction 381 11.2 Salt: Flavor Enhancer and a Driving Force of History 382 11.3 Herbs and Spices 390 11.4 A Closer Look at a Few Herbs and Spices 399 11.5 Medical Uses of Herbs and Spices 419 References 421 12 Beer and Wine 423 12.1 Introduction 423 12.2 Yeast: Metabolic Ethanol producing Factory 424 12.3 Ethanol 427 12.4 Alcohol and the Body 430 12.5 Malting 434 12.6 Mashing 435 12.7 Fermentation 441 12.8 Conditioning 444 12.9 Oenology: The Science of Wine and Winemaking 445 12.10 Sulfur, Sorbitol, and Oaking: Additives in Fermentation 452 12.11 Postfermentation Clarification 456 12.12 Flavor and Aroma 458 12.13 Small Organic Flavor and Aroma Compounds 459 12.14 Large Organic Polyphenol Molecules 462 12.15 Aging and Reactions 466 References 468 13 Sweets: Chocolates and Candies 469 13.1 Introduction 469 13.2 Sugars and Sweeteners 469 13.3 Properties of the Sucrose based Sugars and Use in the Kitchen 472 13.4 Inverted Sugars 473 13.5 Liquid Syrup Sweeteners 474 13.6 Chocolate 477 13.7 Chocolate Production 480 13.8 Fermentation 481 13.9 Cacao Bean Roasting: The Process 483 13.10 Flavors of Chocolate 484 13.11 Grinding and Milling: Cocoa Butter and Cocoa Powder 486 13.12 Conching 487 13.13 Tempering 489 13.14 Tempering Chocolate 492 13.15 Chocolate Bloom 493 13.16 Chocolate Bloom in Chocolate Chip Cookies 495 13.17 Cooking with Chocolate 495 13.18 Chocolate coated Candies 496 13.19 Different Types of Chocolate and Chocolate like Products 496 13.20 Different Types of Chocolate 497 13.21 Candy 498 13.22 Noncrystalline Candies: Hard Candies and Caramels 506 13.23 Crystalline Candies: Rock Candy and Fudge 508 13.24 Aerated Candies: Marshmallows 510 References 511 Index 513.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118674208 20160704
Written as a textbook with an online laboratory manual for students and adopting faculties, this work is intended for non-science majors / liberal studies science courses and will cover a range of scientific principles of food, cooking and the science of taste and smell. Chapters include: The Science of Food and Nutrition of Macromolecules; Science of Taste and Smell; Milk, Cream, and Ice Cream, Metabolism and Fermentation; Cheese, Yogurt, and Sour Cream; Browning; Fruits and Vegetables; Meat, Fish, and Eggs; Dough, Cakes, and Pastry; Chilies, Herbs, and Spices; Beer and Wine; and Chocolate, Candy and Other Treats. Each chapters begins with biological, chemical, and /or physical principles underlying food topics, and a discussion of what is happening at the molecular level. This unique approach is unique should be attractive to chemistry, biology or biochemistry departments looking for a new way to bring students into their classroom. There are no pre-requisites for the course and the work is appropriate for all college levels and majors.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781118674208 20160704
Science Library (Li and Ma)
CHEM-29N-01
Book
x, 884 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Science Library (Li and Ma)
CHEM-29N-01