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xxiii, 422 p. : ill.
  • INTRODUCTION Setting the Stage Historical Perspective References Further Reading ALL ABOUT WATER How Special, Strange, and Different Is Water? Characteristics of Water Just Two H 's and One O Somewhere between 0 and 105 Water 's Physical Properties Capillary Action The Water Cycle Specifi c Water Movements Q and Q Factors Sources of Water Watershed Protection Multiple-Barrier Concept Watershed Management Water Quality Impact Watershed Protection and Regulations A Watershed Protection Plan Reservoir Management Practices Potable Water Source Potable Water Key Definitions Surface Water Location! Location! Location! How Readily Available Is Potable Water? Advantages and Disadvantages of Surface Water Surface Water Hydrology Raw Water Storage Surface Water Intakes Surface-Water Screens Surface-Water Quality Groundwater Supply Groundwater Groundwater Quality GUDISW Well Systems Well Site Requirements Type of Wells Components of a Well Well Casing Grout Well Pad Sanitary Seal Well Screen Casing Vent Drop Pipe Miscellaneous Well Components Well Evaluation Well Pumps Routine Operation and Recordkeeping Requirements Well Abandonment Water Use References Further Reading WATER HYDRAULICS What Is Water Hydraulics? Basic Concepts Properties of Water Force and Pressure Head Flow/Discharge Rate: Water in Motion Piezometric Surface and Bernoulli 's Theorem Hydraulic Machines (Pumps) Well and Wet Well Hydraulics Friction Head Loss Basic Pumping Hydraulics Open-Channel Flow Flow Measurement Flow Measurement: The Old-Fashioned Way Flow Measuring Devices References Further Reading WATER CHEMISTRY Chemistry Concepts &Definitions Chemistry Fundamentals Water Solutions Water Constituents Common Water Measurements Water Treatment Chemicals Drinking Water Parameters: Chemical References Further Reading WATER BIOLOGY Biology/Microbiology: What Is It? Water Microorganisms The Cell Bacteria Protozoa Microscopic Crustaceans Viruses Algae Fungi Microbiological Processes/Aspects References Further Reading WATER ECOLOGY Setting the Stage Levels of Organization Ecosystem Biogeochemical Cycles Energy Flow in the Ecosystem Food Chain Efficiency Productivity Population Ecology Stream Genesis and Structure Benthic Life: An Overview Benthic Macroinvertebrates Insect Macroinvertebrates Noninsect Macroinvertebrates References Further Reading WATER POLLUTION Sources of Contaminants Radionuclides The Chemical Cocktail Groundwater Contamination Self-Purifi cation of Streams Sources of Stream Pollution References Further Reading ENVIRONMENTAL BIOMONITORING, SAMPLING, AND TESTING What Is Biomonitoring? Biotic Index (Streams) Biological Sampling (Streams) Water Quality Monitoring (Drinking Water) Recommended Reading WATER TREATMENT Introduction Conventional Water Treatment Stages of Water Treatment Coagulation Flocculation Sedimentation Filtration Disinfection Reference Further Reading WATER TREATMENT CALCULATIONS Introduction Water Source and Storage Calculations Coagulation, Mixing, and Flocculation Calculations Determining Percent of Solutions Sedimentation Calculations Water Filtration Calculations Water Chlorination Calculations Chemical Use Calculations Chlorination Chemistry Glossary Index.
  • (source: Nielsen Book Data)9781420055443 20160604
Water, water everywhere - with this in mind, the perennial question in water works remains: can the earth's finite supply of water resources be increased to meet the constantly growing demand? Hailed on its first publication as a masterful account of the state of water science, this second edition of the bestselling The Science of Water: Concepts and Applications puts the spotlight on the critical importance of water's role in future sustainability. Clearly written and user-friendly, this timely revision builds on the remarkable success of the first edition by updating, reorganizing, and revising the original to include the latest information and research results. The common thread woven through the fabric of this presentation is water resource utilization and its protection. It covers topics such as water sources, water hydraulics, chemistry, biology/microbiology, ecology, water quality, pollution, biomonitoring, sampling, testing, reuse, and treatment. The author examines the impact of human use, misuse, and reuse of freshwater and wastewater on the overall water supply. Authoritative, informative, and up-to-date, the book blends real-world experience with theoretical models. This work provides the valuable insight all water/wastewater practitioners need and includes important information for policymakers and anyone else tasked with making decisions concerning water resource utilization.
(source: Nielsen Book Data)9781420055443 20160604