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Book
1 online resource (v, [1], 30, [1] pages) : illustrations (some color).
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
Changes in regulation enacted in 2013 have enabled the Alaska Fisheries Science Center's Fishery Monitoring and Analysis Division (FMA) and the Alaska Regional Office's Sustainable Fisheries Division to work collaboratively on an Annual Deployment Plan (ADP). Each ADP documents how the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) plans to deploy observers into fishing activities for the coming year under the limits of available funding. Draft ADPs are presented to the North Pacific Fishery Management Council (Council) during September - October and are finalized in December. The sampling design for observer deployment has two elements: how the population is subdivided (i.e., stratification schemes) and how available samples are allocated (i.e., allocation strategies). Here the relative performance of 10 alternative sampling designs (at the primary sampling unit- the trip) are compared in support of the draft 2018 ADP. These alternative sampling designs consisted of the combination of two stratification schemes (gear-type only or gear-type × tendering activity), two metrics upon which to base optimizations [one consisting of discard of groundfish with Prohibited Species Catch (PSC) of Pacific halibut and the other consisting of the prior and PSC of Chinook salmon], and three allocation strategies (no optimization, a "hurdle" approach to optimization, and a optimization only). All optimization allocations incorporate three variables measured over the past 3 years: variance in the metric, the average cost of observing a trip, and the number of trips. Total afforded sample size is determined by the available budget and the average cost of observing each trip. Resulting selection rates derive from sample size, allocation weightings and the anticipated fishing effort which was defined as the most recent complete year of data. The total number of observer days that can be afforded is 4,062 which represents a 33% increase from 2017. Gap analyses that examine the chance of at least one or three observed trips in a NMFS Area × gear type combination (cell) were used as a performance metric. Gap analyses illustrated that stratifications based on gear type (3 strata) were outperformed by stratifications based on gear type × tendering activity (6 strata). Potential gaps in observer coverage appear to be mostly concentrated in areas with low fishing effort with fewer than 12 trips in a cell. Simulations were performed to measure the potential impact of unknown vessel participation in electronic monitoring (EM). The variability in gap analyses from randomized differences in EM participant vessels was relatively minor (less than 10% probability of observation shifts across deployment designs). The NMFS recommended an observer deployment design for the draft 2018 ADP that has gear type × tendering stratification and uses a "hurdle" approach to sample allocation wherein 15% base coverage is obtained first across all strata and the remainder is optimized according to the variance in the metric of discarded groundfish catch combined with PSC Pacific halibut and Chinook salmon. At their October 2017 meeting the Council did not support the NMFS recommendation and instead proposed a five strata design with optimal sample allocations based on discarded groundfish catch and PSC of Pacific halibut only. Comparisons between the NMFS and Council recommended designs were included in the final 2018 ADP. [doi:10.7289/V5/TM-AFSC-364 (https://doi.org/10.7289/V5/TM-AFSC-364)]
Book
1 online resource (xi, [1], 45 pages) : color illustrations, color maps.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
"This NOAA Technical Memorandum represents a 2017 update to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands as a Fishing Community published by Allen and Amesbury in 2012. This fishing community profile update aspires to provide a comprehensive view of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) as a fishing community. The report begins by presenting recent social, economic, and tourism information gathered by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and the Marianas Visitors Authority in the CNMI. These data are followed by data on four key topics that emerged from interviews conducted by the author in 2016 with the CNMI fishing community. Next, findings from low income fish consumption in 2015 are presented, aggregated at the island level. These data provide the only current estimates of fish consumption on Tinian and Rota. The report concludes by presenting some additional empirical information that supplements the primary data gathered in the profile"--Executive Summary. [doi:10.7289/V5/TM-PIFSC-66 (https://doi.org/10.7289/V5/TM-PIFSC-66)]
Book
1 online resource (10 pages) Digital: text file.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
"The HPSCI Majority's move to release to the House of Representatives its allegations against the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) is a transparent effort to undermine those agencies, the Special Counsel, and Congress' investigations. It also risks public exposure of sensitive sources and methods for no legitimate purpose. FBI and DOJ officials did not "abuse" the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) process, omit material information, or subvert this vital tool to spy on the Trump campaign."--Opening paragraphs.
Book
1 online resource (i, 26 pages).
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
National Institute of Justice report. NIJ Comprehensive School Safety Initiative. NCJ 250209.
Book
1 online resource (viii, 260 pages) : illustrations, maps (some color). Digital: text file.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
This report presents data from the 2017 Gulf of Alaska groundfish survey conducted by the Alaska Fisheries Science Center of the National Marine Fisheries Service. It contains detailed descriptions of the survey planning and operations, species distribution and abundance charts, length frequency plots, tables of estimated biomass, catch per unit effort, average weight and length estimates, length-weight regression parameters, lists of identified species, survey strata specifications and charts, and trawl descriptions and diagrams.
Book
1 online resource (ii, 23, 2 pages ) Digital: text file.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
Book
1 online resource ([408] pages) : color illustrations, color maps
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
Book
1 online resource (6 unnumbered pages) Digital: text file.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
The "Nunez Memo" Chairman Nunes issued the following statement: "The Committee has discovered serious violations of the public trust, and the American people have a right to know when officials in crucial institutions are abusing their authority for political purposes. Our intelligence and law enforcement agencies exist to defend the American people, not to be exploited to target one group on behalf of another. It is my hope that the Committee's actions will shine a light on this alarming series of events so we can make reforms that allow the American people to have full faith and confidence in their governing institutions."
Book
1 online resource (v, [1], 58, [1] pages) : color illustrations, color maps.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
A genetic analysis of the prohibited species catch (PSC) of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) collected during 2016 from the federally managed walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) trawl fishery in the Bering Sea and from the federal groundfish fisheries in the Gulf of Alaska (GOA) was undertaken to determine the overall stock composition of the sample sets. Samples were genotyped for 11 microsatellite markers from which stock contributions were estimated using the current chum salmon microsatellite baseline. In 2016, one genetic sample was collected for every 30.6 chum salmon caught in the Bering Sea midwater trawl fishery. The evaluation of sampling in the Bering Sea based on time, location, and vessel indicated that the genetic samples were representative of the total chum salmon PSC in the Bering Sea. The majority of the 114 chum salmon samples from the A-season were from Northeast Asia (37%) and Eastern GOA/Pacific Northwest (PNW) (37%) stocks. Based on the analysis of 2,701 chum salmon collected throughout the B-season, the largest stock groups in the catch were Eastern GOA/PNW (35%) and Northeast Asia (31%), followed by Western Alaska (19%), Southeast Asia (9%), Upper/Middle Yukon (5%), and Southwest Alaska (< 2%) stocks. The chum salmon caught in the Bering Sea in 2016 shared general patterns of stock distribution with those from past years, but differed by some finer-scale spatiotemporal strata. Of the 473 chum salmon samples from the GOA groundfish fisheries, the highest proportion was from Eastern GOA/PNW (93%) stocks, similar to previous years. [doi:10.7289/V5/TM-AFSC-366 (https://doi.org/10.7289/V5/TM-AFSC-366)]
Book
1 online resource (v, 32, [2] pages) : color illustrations, color maps.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
"A genetic analysis of samples from the Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) bycatch of the 2016 Bering Sea-Aleutian Island (BSAI) trawl fishery for walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) was undertaken to determine the overall stock composition of the bycatch. Samples were genotyped for 43 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) DNA markers and results were estimated using the Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) SNP baseline. In 2016, genetic samples from the Bering Sea were collected using a systematic random sampling protocol where one out of every 10 Chinook salmon encountered was sampled. Based on the analysis of 1,910 Chinook salmon bycatch samples collected throughout the 2016 BSAI walleye pollock trawl fishery, Coastal Western Alaska and British Columbia regions (34% and 29% respectively) dominated the sample set with smaller contributions from West Coast US (14%), and North Alaska Peninsula (13%) regions. Analysis of temporal groupings within the pollock "A" and "B" seasons revealed changes in stock composition during the course of the year with lower contributions of Coastal Western Alaska and North Alaska Peninsula regions and higher contributions of West Coast US, British Columbia, and NW Gulf of Alaska, regions during the "B" season when compared to the "A" season"--PDF Abstract.
Book
1 online resource (43 pages) : color illustrations, 1 color map
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
Book
1 online resource (i, 19 pages) Digital: text file.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
Book
1 online resource (29 pages) : color illustrations
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
Book
1 online resource (iii, 13 pages) : color illustrations, color maps.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
"Aerial surveys are flown December 01 through March 31 each year in the Southeast United States to detect North Atlantic right whales in their primary calving area. The purpose of the aerial surveys is to contribute to (in prioritized order): • Population monitoring via detection and identification of individual right whales including cow/calf pairs occurring in the Southeast United States. • Monitoring trends in human-related serious injuries and mortality. • Vessel-strike reduction. Given these objectives, we focused aerial surveys in areas where we expected the highest number of right whale detections. Additionally, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric and Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries), U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers have agreed to implement the "Early Warning System" (EWS) -a system of aerial surveys and communications designed to provide mariners with information on whale locations. The goal of the EWS is vessel-whale collision mitigation. This report briefly summarizes results from the NOAA Fisheries-administered aerial surveys and the EWS during the 2015/2016 North Atlantic right whale calving season"--PDF Introduction.
Book
1 online resource (i, 36 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
Book
1 online resource (56 pages). Digital: text file.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
The Joint Select Committee on the Solvency of Multiemployer Pension Plans has scheduled a public hearing on April 18, 2018, on an overview of the multiemployer pension system. This document,1 prepared by the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation, provides a discussion of present law relating to retirement plans generally and to multiemployer defined benefit plans in particular, as well as selected data relating to multiemployer defined benefit plans.
Book
1 online resource (160 pages) Digital: text file.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
The rise of school safety programs and policies administered by federal agencies can be traced to the early 1970s, a period in which youth crime and drug use became focal points in the public and congressional debates about criminal justice policy.1 The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (JJDPA), for example, the national youth violence prevention law administered by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), authorized programs to address these issues in schools. Two congressionally mandated reports (released in 1975 and 1978, respectively) found that school violence and disciplinary problems--including the use of drugs and alcohol and weapons carrying--were on the rise across the nation's school systems. The studies recommended further legislative action to stem the rising trends in school violence, vandalism, and disruptive behavior.
Book
1 online resource (19 pages) : color illustrations, color map
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
"This summary will provide an update on NOAA-AFSC's latest research on seal-vessel interactions jointly conducted with the National Park Service. This research builds on studies since 2002 on ice-associated harbor seals in Disenchantment Bay which have focused on proximate effects such as when, where, and at what distances vessels were causing disturbance. By employing GPS satellite tracking (for both seals and ships), we aim to address broader population-level effects, and in particular to better understand how vessels entering glacial ice habitats may approach and alter the haul-out behavior of nursing pups, thus potentially increasing their energetic costs of thermoregulation in the water. There is concern that chronic disturbances could reduce body mass of pups at weaning and survival, and ultimately impact population stability"--Page 5.
Book
1 online resource (v, 25 pages) : color illustrations.
Collection
Government Information United States Federal Collection
"The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) has enacted a climate science strategy as part of its proactive approach to better track, forecast, and incorporate information on changing climate conditions into living marine resource management. This strategy is being implemented through customized 5-year Regional Action Plans for climate science (RAPs). These RAPs detail regional climate science needs and specific action items to address them. The drivers and impacts of climate change vary greatly by geographic location. By creating action plans at the regional level, NMFS can tailor its response to meet specific challenges and forge critical partnerships at the local level. A first step in implementing that Pacific Islands Regional Action Plan for climate science (PIRAP) is to identify what information is needed by resource managers and what scientific research and data are available or being developed. Furthermore, regional staff will need to keep abreast of changes on these fronts. To this end, PIRAP authors decided to convene an internal Annual Collaborative Climate Science Workshop. The first workshop, detailed here, was held in September 2017. It was attended by scientists and advisors from NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands Regional Office (PIRO) and Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), as well as the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council (WPRFMC). The specific goal of this workshop was to identify climate-related information needs, the science products available or in development that can address these needs, and also the potential existing gaps. The workshop spanned three afternoons, with each afternoon focusing on a specific topic: protected species, coral reefs and insular/bottomfish, and pelagic/highly migratory fish. Each afternoon, participants met in small groups for facilitated discussions to identify climate-related information needs, with each group choosing three "top priority" needs. Participants then reconvened for a plenary exercise to aggregate these "top priority" needs and look for commonalities. Once an aggregated list was generated, participants identified science products that could potentially address individual information needs. Current scientific and/or management limitations were also identified. This report synthesizes and summarizes the information gathered from this workshop"--Background. [doi:10.7289/V5/AR-PIFSC-H-18-01 (https://doi.org/10.7289/V5/AR-PIFSC-H-18-01)].