National Council of Educational Research and Training, New Delhi (India). Dept. of Curriculum and Evaluation.
Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Elementary School Mathematics, Instruction, Instructional Materials, Learning, Mathematics, Objectives, Secondary School Mathematics, Surveys, Textbooks, and India
This curriculum project in general mathematics was planned in order to study syllabuses of the elementary and high school curriculum under the following broad categories: (1) objectives of education and mathematics, (2) arrangement of the content, the duration of the course and the achievement expected in each topic, and (3) objectives of education at the primary and the middle level. One of the reports is an analysis of 43 books in elementary mathematics that are in use in various states of the country. The purpose of this study was to obtain an analytical opinion from the teachers about the textbooks in actual use for teaching elementary mathematics. This information was classified according to general information, general organization of the textbooks, subject matter, style of writing, pictorial and graphic illustrations, and objectives. The second report is an analysis of a limited survey of 30 schools selected from four states of India. The purpose of this study was to determine the current teaching-learning practices followed by teachers and students in the study of elementary mathematics. A factual account of what was observed in classes by the investigators and reported by teachers and students during interviews is reported for the following areas: (1) motivation, (2) continuity, (3) teaching new concepts, (4) problem solving, (5) individual and group work, (6) homework, and (7) teaching aids. (RP)
Textbooks are one of the primary sources for students to obtain knowledge, so they should present accurate knowledge through textual and visual representations. The goal of the current study is to examine the representations in middle school science textbooks based on the diagram coding scheme to find out a general picture of how representations used in the science textbooks over the fifteen years. The sample consists of 6247 representations from twelve middle school science textbooks (four each of sixth, seventh, and eighth grades) from 2002 to 2017. Content analysis was used to analyze the representations in textbooks, which were gathered by document analysis. The representations were evaluated concerning the combination of two main diagram coding schemes. Findings showed that iconic representations are prevalent in middle school science textbooks. There are limited charts, graphs and augmented reality representations in the science textbooks. Furthermore, there are more male representations than female ones, representations are mostly indexed in the main texts, and captions are mainly problematic in middle school science textbooks. The findings based on the two diagrams coding scheme are mainly coherent with each other. Science textbooks should encourage students to interpret and translate between different representations to enable them accurate knowledge.
Adkins, Joni K., Linville, Diana R., and Badami, Charles
Information Systems Education Journal, v18 n6 p38-45 Dec 2020. 8 pp.
Instructional Effectiveness, Introductory Courses, Programming, Computer Science Education, Grades (Scholastic), Interaction, Class Activities, Predictor Variables, Electronic Learning, Textbooks, Value Judgment, College Students, and Learner Engagement
Online textbooks allow instructors to provide interactive and engaging activities for students. In this paper, we look at how providing an interactive online textbook is utilized and valued in a beginning computer programming course. In addition, we compare the utilization of the online textbook to the student final course grade. Our findings suggest that students would rather use an online textbook and the level of engagement in the online textbook activities was positively related to a student's final course grade. These findings encourage us to continue evolving and improving the interactive features provided in the online textbook.
Baudino, Frank, Briggs, Lea, Johnson, Carolyn, Meneely, Becky, Young, Natasha, and Northwest Missouri State University
Online Submission. 184 pp.
Academic Libraries, Librarians, Conferences (Gatherings), College Faculty, Library Services, Library Instruction, Learner Engagement, Use Studies, Information Literacy, Foreign Students, Preservation, Electronic Libraries, Textbooks, Teaching Methods, Research Skills, Thinking Skills, Library Administration, Library Materials, Library Policy, Media Literacy, and Missouri
Seventeen scholarly papers and twelve abstracts comprise the content of the twentieth annual Brick & Click Libraries Conference, held annually at Northwest Missouri State University in Maryville, Missouri. The twentieth Brick & Click Libraries Conference was held virtually. The proceedings, authored by academic librarians and presented at the conference, portray the contemporary and future face of librarianship. The 2020 paper and abstract titles include: (1) From the Wild West to Teamwork: Faculty Driven Acquisitions (Randyn Heisserer-Miller, Stephanie Hallam, and Brad Reel); (2) Student Engagement: Exploring Primary Sources in the Library of Congress in an Online Course (Peggy Ridlen); (3) Object Oriented vs Functional Programming - Library Instruction in a Bite-Sized Functional Model (Billy Moore); (4) When People Count: Leveraging Internal Resources to Develop a Program for Tracking Building Usage (Terra Feick); (5) Interactive Introductions for International Students: Reworking How We Teach Information Literacy Skills (Kelly Hovinga); (6) Fostering Success for New Faculty Librarians (Karen Bleier); (7) We Did It, You Can Do It, Too: In-House Digital Preservation (Samantha Henning); (8) Stacking it Up: A Textbooks on Reserve Program (Katharine Baldwin and Jenise Overmier); (9) Teaching into the Gray Areas: Designing Learning Activities That Encourage Higher Order Thinking and Research Skills (Virginia L. Cairns); (10) Building a Teaching Strategy Toolkit to Engage Learners (Courtney Mlinar); (11) Cracking the Code: Building an Assessment Plan with Student Discussion Boards (Anthony Rodgers and Courtney Strimel); (12) Making the Most of LibApps (Kayla Reed); (13) Neither Rain, Nor Sleet, Nor Gloom of Night: Maintaining Library Services During a Medical State of Emergency (Rob Withers); (14) Psychological Safety and Building Effective Teams (Kara Whatley, Deborah Caesar, Amanda Watson, and Molly Nystrom); (15) Summer in the Stacks: A Weeding Experience Between Faculty and Library (Kayla Reed and Hong Li); (16) Puppies and Kitties Oh My!: Partnering with a Local PETPALS Organization (Leila June Rod-Welch and Jordan A. Newburg); (17) Unlocking Online Escape Rooms for Library Instruction (Sean Cordes); (18) Spectral Tales: Lessons Learned from Being Ghosted by Faculty (Tammi M. Owens, Meghan Salsbury, and Heidi Blackburn); (19) The Librarian's Guide to Zines for Classroom and Community (Claire Du Laney, Monica Maher, and Amy C. Schindler); (20) Professionalizing Student Employment: The Library Associates Program at Hendrix College (Janice Weddle); (21) Making It Easy to Read Harder: Implementing a Reading Challenge at Community College (Amy Fortner, Anthony Rodgers, and Gwen Wolfe); (22) Beyond the Humanities: Archives Instruction for Science and Medicine (Laurinda Weisse); (23) Library Collaboration with the Smithsonian: World War I Lessons and Legacies Exhibit (Leila June Rod-Welch and Julie Ann Beddow); (24) The Genesis of a Conduct Policy in a Medium-Sized Academic Library (John Baken); (25) Universal Design and Accessibility: A Checklist for LibGuides and Online Tutorials (Courtney Mlinar); (26) Anti-vaxxers, Sasquatch DNA and Other "Scientific" Findings: Actively Engaging Distance Students in Media Literacy (Joanna Nemeth); (27) All Good Things Must Come to an End: When Library Staff Pass Away (Rob Withers); (28) If "They" Build it, "They" Will Come (Martha Allen); and (29) Save the Earth - Earth Day Game Drive: Small Steps, Big Impact (Leila June Rod-Welch). [For the 2019 proceedings, see ED600185.]
Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Curriculum Development, Elementary School Curriculum, Textbook Preparation, Textbooks, Grade 3, Textbook Content, Educational Needs, Barriers, Elementary School Teachers, Time Management, Teaching Methods, Educational Innovation, and Burma
This article reports on the design and implementation of an innovative primary EFL program in Myanmar. Begun in 2014, the program is part of the CREATE Project, a joint initiative between the Myanmar Ministry of Education and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The project has involved the planning, designing and implementation of a new curriculum for primary school English, along with concurrent materials development and the design of both pre-service and in-service teacher training courses. To give an insight into this multifaceted process, this paper focuses on the development of the Grade 3 textbook and compares it to the former book. After this analysis, it considers teachers' needs and the challenges they face through analyzing posts and comments made on the "New Curriculum English Subject" Facebook page. Teachers' primary challenges were learning the new textbook language, incorporating the recommended instruction into their established pedagogical approaches, and time management. The challenges and solutions outlined in this article have both policy and pedagogical implications for curriculum innovation at the primary EFL level, particularly with respect to the issues facing less economically developed countries.
African Educational Research Journal, v8 spec iss 2 p29-42 Oct 2020. 14 pp.
Turkish, Instructional Materials, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries, Cultural Awareness, Vocabulary Development, Language Teachers, Media Selection, Textbooks, and Turkey
Materials are important parts of the language teaching process; and developing these materials are of the important subjects of teaching Turkish as a foreign language. Although there are certain criteria for the development of course materials, the teachers, who would use these materials, should also be a part of this process. Both the process of teaching Turkish as a foreign language and the use of these materials should be instructor-oriented. Each teacher-oriented material would ensure that the teaching process in the classroom is more efficient and more effective. In this study, the principles of material development were mentioned and the elements of making these materials instructor-oriented in cultural terms were emphasized. The effective use of course materials depends on the fact that the materials are instructor-oriented and based on culture. The main purpose of this study is to discuss the importance of teacher-oriented cultural course materials in the process of teaching Turkish as a foreign language and to emphasize the necessity to establish research and development centers for developing instructor-oriented course materials.
Lim, Bibiana Chiu-Yiong, Liu, Llewellyn Wee-Ling, and Choo, Chian-Hou
Asian Journal of University Education, v16 n3 p78-88 Oct 2020. 11 pp.
Electronic Publishing, Academic Achievement, Textbooks, Interaction, Mathematics Education, College Students, Technology Uses in Education, and Statistics
Universities are trending towards electronic books (e-books) as instructional materials, displacing traditional printed books. The rapid acquisition of e-books has changed the way information is presented and one of the improvements is to make e-books interactive. However, there is an incomplete body of knowledge on how interactive e-books affect students, particularly in the learning of statistics. This paper aims to examine the effects of interactive e-books on academic achievement. This paper adopted an experimental approach to test the causal effect of the two types of e-books, namely Traditional E-book (TE) and Interactive E-book (IE) on a sample of undergraduates enrolled in an introductory statistics unit. The experimental results indicated that students who learn statistics through IE produced higher scores in academic achievement than students who learn through TE. The findings of the study first extend the existing theory by showing that TE and IE can account for the variations in academic achievement. The study implied that e-books should not be static and e-book publishers and educators can choose to design their ebooks using interactive formats with animation components depending on available resources. The study offers new insights on how academic achievement of students can be better managed through the design of e-book types.