Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, v18 n4 p86-110 Dec 2018. 25 pp.
Plagiarism, College Students, Cheating, Ethics, Student Behavior, Student Attitudes, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Mastery Learning, Student Motivation, Visual Stimuli, Learner Engagement, Cooperative Learning, Program Effectiveness, Assignments, and Humanities
Best practices research on plagiarism in the University classroom shows that modifying assignments and classroom environment can have a positive effect on lowering a student's desire to cheat. James Lang suggests four features of a learning environment that can be fostered to ameliorate a student's desire to cheat: mastery of the material for its own sake, low-stakes assignments, intrinsic motivations for learning and, a high expectation of success. Scaffolding has been shown to be a useful pedagogical technique for empowering students (fostering a high expectation of success) My past experience using a variety of visual classroom exercises (cartooning, mind-mapping, advertising campaigns, etc.) gave anecdotal evidence that artistic and visual assignments encouraged a level of engagement and collaboration across language and cultural boundaries not experienced in other types of assignments. I hypothesized that this level of engagement and collaboration could be used with scaffolding to motivate Lang's four features and experimented with the use of poster presentations and other visual and spatial assignments in a second year undergraduate Religious Studies course on Death. Very preliminary qualitative data support the hypothesis that, by addressing Lang's four features and incorporating scaffolding and visual assignments into the course, students are cheating less and learning more. This research strengthens the extant literature on the impact class environment and expectations have on plagiarism while also adding to the growing body of literature supporting the use of visual assignments, such as poster presentations, mind mapping, and storyboards in the Arts and Humanities.
Journal of Service-Learning in Higher Education, v8 Oct 2018. 15 pp.
Service Learning, Honors Curriculum, Sustainability, Universities, Campuses, Agricultural Production, Food, Interdisciplinary Approach, Student Projects, Recycling, Wastes, Student Attitudes, Undergraduate Students, Research Design, Problem Solving, Science Education, Humanities, Art Education, Social Sciences, Program Descriptions, and Utah
The value of service-learning as a high-impact educational practice in college courses is further documented here through client-centered student projects seeking to increase SOLE food-- sustainable, organic, local, and ethically produced--on the Utah State University campus. Honors students enrolled in a Think Tank series of courses in Science, Social Sciences, and Arts/Humanities completed six cross-disciplinary projects focused on various aspects of dining services and food sources on campus, including recycling, food waste, food recovery, and local sourcing. Post-project student reflections indicate that students were much more aware of campus-wide sustainability issues and how they, as campus citizens, could contribute in meaningful ways. Student also demonstrated the ability to property design research projects and engage in data-informed problem solving as a result of their service-learning project. Students also learned to successfully work in groups and appreciate and encourage the strengths of each team member.