Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.
Academic Standards, Adult Education, Agricultural Education, Competency Based Education, Disease Control, Education Work Relationship, Employment Qualifications, Floriculture, Fungi, Grounds Keepers, Job Analysis, Job Skills, Landscaping, Occupational Clusters, Ornamental Horticulture Occupations, Performance Based Assessment, Pesticides, Pests, Plant Growth, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Site Development, State Standards, Statewide Planning, Student Certification, Student Evaluation, Weeds, and Illinois
This document of skill standards for the landscape technician cluster serves as a guide to workforce preparation program providers in defining content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. These 19 occupational skill standards describe what people should know and be able to do in an occupational setting. Each skill standard contains at least these three areas: performance area (summary of work to be performed); skill standard with conditions of performance, work to be performed, and performance criteria; and performance elements and assessment criteria. These sections may also be included: performance area and assessment and credentialing approach. Introductory materials include the developmental process; assumptions for landscape technician cluster standards; table of contents; and performance skill levels. Standards include: market and promote landscape services and products; answer customer questions; plan, design, and price a landscape; install and maintain plants in the landscape; prune plants; and control weeds, pests, insects, diseases, moss, and plant disorders. Appendixes include a glossary; lists of committee and council members; and workplace skills. (YLB)
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment. and Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.
Animals, Biotechnology, Case Studies, Decision Making, Federal Legislation, Financial Support, Genetic Engineering, International Law, Natural Resources, Plants (Botany), Public Policy, Science Education, State Legislation, Weeds, Wildlife Management, Florida, and Hawaii
Non-indigenous species (NIS) are common in the United States landscape. While some are beneficial, others are harmful and can cause significant economic, environmental, and health damage. This study, requested by the U.S. House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee, examined State and Federal policies related to these harmful NIS. The report is presented in 10 chapters. Chapter 1 identifies the issues and options related to the topic and a summary of the findings from the individual chapters that follow. Chapters 2 "The Consequences of NIS" and 3 "The Changing Numbers, Causes, and Rates of Introductions" examine basic aspects of NIS, their effects, how many there are, and how they get here. Technologies to deal with harmful NIS, including decision-making methods and techniques for preventing and managing problem species, are covered in chapters 4 "The Application of Decisionmaking Methods" and 5 "Technologies for Preventing and Managing Problems." Chapters 6, "A Primer on Federal Policy," 7 "State and Local Approaches from a National Perspective," and 8 "Two Case Studies: Non-Indigenous Species in Hawaii and Florida" assess what various institutions at the Federal, State, and local levels do, or fail to do, about NIS. Chapters 9 and 10 place NIS in a broader context by examining their relationships to genetically engineered organisms, to international law to other prominent environmental issues, and to choices regarding the future of the nation's biological resources. Appendixes include: lists of boxes, figures, and tables in the document; list of authors, workshop participants, reviewers, and survey respondents for the study; and list of references by chapter. Additional sections contain an index to common and scientific names of species, and a general index. (MDH)