Loe, David, Watson, Newton, Rowlands, Edward, Mansfield, Kevin, Venning, Bob, Baker, John, and Department for Education and Employment, London (England). Architects and Building Branch.
Educational Environment, Educational Facilities Design, Educational Facilities Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Energy Conservation, Foreign Countries, Interior Design, Light, Lighting Design, Luminescence, and United Kingdom (England)
The aim of good lighting is to not only provide proper illumination for building users to perform their allotted tasks, but also to pleasantly enhance the indoor environment. This document guides architects and engineers through the process of lighting design in the context of the recommended constructional standards for schools and the various types of spaces and activities found in schools. It identifies the determining factors of good lighting design as architectural integration, task and activity lighting, visual amenity, cost, maintenance, and energy efficiency. Further, it describes the calculation methods and design tools that can be used at the early stages of a project and shows, using theory and examples, how to achieve a synthesis between daylight and electric light. Appendices present school premises regulations and Department for Education and Employment Constructional Standards for new school buildings, information on lighting and health, and details concerning various lamps, controlling gear, luminary performance ranges, lighting controls, disposal of used lamps, and examples of lighting design strategies. A glossary concludes the book. (Contains 35 references.) (GR)
Veitch, Jennifer A., Newsham, Guy R., and National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Adolescents, Children, Classroom Environment, College Students, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Human Factors Engineering, Lighting, Lighting Design, Literature Reviews, Luminescence, Student Needs, Visual Environment, and Canada
The quality of indoor lighting can influence task performance, social interaction and communication, health and safety, visual comfort, student behavior, and aesthetic judgments. These by-products of lighting are examined in this literature review in an effort to define the conditions that are associated with good lighting quality. Lighting quality has been debated among lighting professionals for two decades but with little advancement due to a lack of reliable empirical evidence. Since economic considerations have driven much lighting research, most investigations have focused on lighting for offices. This literature review focuses on office lighting applications, although lighting in other settings, such as schools, is also considered. The review begins with research on the luminous environment, including its influence on social interaction and communication (i.e., findings reveal that higher luminance induced female students to communicate more). Other studies found that both male and female university students rated higher illuminance more favorably than low illuminance, yet such illuminance had no effect on self-reported stress, well-being, or fatigue. Other areas investigated include daylight, luminance distribution and illuminance uniformity across rooms, preference judgments, discomfort, and visual display terminals. Contains approximately 175 references. (RJM)