Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition and Computer Science - Machine Learning
We introduce a machine learning workflow to search for, identify, and meaningfully triage videos and images of munitions, weapons, and military equipment, even when limited training data exists for the object of interest. This workflow is designed to expedite the work of OSINT ("open source intelligence") researchers in human rights investigations. It consists of three components: automatic rendering and annotating of synthetic datasets that make up for a lack of training data; training image classifiers from combined sets of photographic and synthetic data; and mtriage, an open source software that orchestrates these classifiers' deployment to triage public domain media, and visualise predictions in a web interface. We show that synthetic data helps to train classifiers more effectively, and that certain approaches yield better results for different architectures. We then demonstrate our workflow in two real-world human rights investigations: the use of the Triple-Chaser tear gas grenade against civilians, and the verification of allegations of military presence in Ukraine in 2014. Comment: Presented at NeurIPS 2019 in the AI for Social Good track
In recent years, the group Forensic Architecture began using novel research methods to undertake a series of investigations into human rights abuses. The group uses architecture as an optical device to investigate armed conflicts and environmental destruction, as well as to cross-reference a variety of evidence sources, such as new media, remote sensing, material analysis, witness testimony, and crowd-sourcing. In this talk, Eyal Weizman provides, for the first time, an in-depth introduction to the history, practice, assumptions, potentials, and double binds of this practice.
Land settlement -- West Bank, Land settlement -- Gaza Strip, Israelis -- Colonization -- Palestine, City planning -- Palestine, Urban warfare -- Palestine, Land settlement -- Government policy -- Israel, and Geopolitics -- Palestine
The SAGE Handbook of 21st Century City. 2017, p630-652.
Forensic Architecture: Political Practice, Activism, Aesthetics Eyal Weizman Forensic architects deal, in the words of one practitioner, with ‘the application of architectural facts to legal problems.’ These facts are the [...]