A press-molding material includes discontinuous reinforcing fibers having an average fiber length of 3 mm to 100 mm, and a thermoplastic resin as a matrix. The press-molding material has a certain reference plane; at least one standable plane; and at least one self-laminatable region. A portion of the standable plane is included in the self-laminatable region.
An organic phosphorus-based compound which satisfies the following requirements (i) to (viii) and is represented by the following formula (1): (i) the organic purity should be not lower than 98%; (ii) the solubility in 20° C. water should be not higher than 0.1 g/100 g of water; (iii) the total halogen component content should be not higher than 1,000 ppm; (iv) the total volatile organic matter content should be not higher than 800 ppm; (v) the Δ pH value should be not larger than 1.0; (vi) the volume standard median diameter should be not larger than 30 μm; (vii) the maximum particle diameter should be not larger than 200 μm; and (viii) the standard deviation represented by the following formula should be not larger than 20 μm. Standard deviation=(d84%+d16%)/2; wherein d84%: particle diameter at a point where the cumulative curve becomes 84% (μm), and d16%: particle diameter at a point where the cumulative curve becomes 16% (μm). [chemical expression included] In the above formula, R2 and R5 may be the same or different and are each a phenyl group which may have a substituent, naphthyl group which may have a substituent, anthryl group which may have a substituent, or branched or linear alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms which may have an aromatic substituent. R1, R3, R4 and R6 may be the same or different and are each a hydrogen atom, branched or linear alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, phenyl group which may have a substituent, naphthyl group which may have a substituent, or anthryl group which may have a substituent.
A fiber-reinforced resin shaped product includes: reinforcing fibers with a weight average fiber length of 100 mm or less; and a thermoplastic resin. The fiber-reinforced resin shaped product has grains on at least a part of a surface thereof. A maximum height (Rz) of the grains is 100 μm to 200 μm, and an average pitch (Rsm) between adjacent grains is 1100 μm or less.
A method for producing a fiber-reinforced resin shaped product, by clamping and press-molding a molding material containing reinforcing fibers and a thermoplastic resin as a matrix in molds having an upper mold and a lower mold. The method includes: disposing the molding material heated in a plastic state, between the upper mold and the lower mold; initiating the clamping to apply a force in a substantially clamping direction to a certain site of the molding material; starting deformation of the molding material in the substantially clamping direction; applying a force in the substantially clamping direction to a fixing site which is at least a part of a substantially outer peripheral end portion of the molding material but is different from the certain site; pressing and fixing the fixing site, and completing the clamping to obtain a fiber-reinforced resin shaped product having an edge portion.
According to one example of the present invention, there is provided a composite material for cold pressing including: carbon fibers that are unidirectional continuous fibers; and a thermoplastic resin, wherein the composite material has a thickness of 0.3 mm or more, when the composite material is observed from a direction perpendicular to a continuous fiber direction, a cross section of the carbon fibers included in the composite material satisfies the following specific Expressions (1), (2) and (3): n1/N≤0.1 Expression (1), p<0.01 Expression (2), and 0.001≤(1−dc/(dr*(Vr/100)+df*(Vf/100))≤0.1 Expression (3).
A thermosetting resin composition which produces no free isocyanate even when a carbodiimide compound is used and provides a cured resin having high heat resistance. The thermosetting resin composition makes it possible to reduce the curing temperature, cures in a short time and provides a cured rein having a high glass transition temperature. The thermosetting resin composition includes: (A) an epoxy resin (component A); and (B) a cyclic carbodiimide compound (component B) including a cyclic structure having one carbodiimide group in which first nitrogen and second nitrogen are bonded together by a bond group and having 8 to 50 atoms forming the cyclic structure and/or (b) a polyvalent amine-based curing agent (component b).
A conveyance device includes a plurality of holding mechanisms and one or more pressing mechanisms, the holding mechanisms each include a holder that holds a molding material and a holder movement mechanism that moves the holder, and the pressing mechanisms each include a pusher that comes into contact with and pushes the molding material and a pusher movement mechanism that moves the pusher.
To provide a method of manufacturing a press molding by molding a molding material comprising reinforced fibers and a thermoplastic resin by a cold press method. The method of manufacturing a press molding comprising reinforced fibers and a thermoplastic resin, includes the steps of: holding the molding material heated at a temperature not lower than the softening temperature with a plurality of grippers installed on a carrier; carrying the molding material between the upper mold and the lower mold of a mold for molding; pushing the molding material with pushers to preform it at a predetermined preforming rate; and press molding the preformed molding by closing the upper mold and the lower mold and applying pressure.
A molded article including carbon fibers and thermoplastic resin, the molded article being provided with a hole h1, wherein the molded article has a region a around the hole h1, the relationship between the linear expansion coefficient C1 in the plate thickness direction in region a and the linear expansion coefficient C2 in a molded article region other than the region a is C1/C2<1, and the relationship of the carbon fiber volume fraction Vf1 of region a and the carbon fiber volume fraction Vf2 of a molded article region other than the region a is 0.2
A problem to be solved is to assist input of information by a user. An information processing device of one embodiment includes a keyword sequence generator generating a keyword sequence by performing morphological analysis on text data in natural language; a category information sequence generator acquiring category information corresponding to each keyword of the keyword sequence based on a database in which keywords are associated with category information and generating a category information sequence; the pattern extractor selecting a category information sequence pattern from category information sequence patterns according to correlation between the category information sequence and each category information sequence pattern; and a determiner comparing the selected category information sequence pattern with the category information sequence and generating presentation information according to a difference between the selected category information sequence pattern and the category information sequence.
In the vicinity of a front end of a plate-shaped member of a fiber reinforced resin material having long fibers, to suppress deterioration in strength due to waviness of the long fibers during press-molding. The plate-shaped member is formed by a discontinuous fiber reinforced resin having long fibers. A flat surface part of the plate-shaped member is provided with a hole part, and a side wall is integrally formed to a semicircular end of the flat surface part located closer to the hole part. The side wall is arranged in a region between an opening edge of the hole part closer to a front end, and the front end so as to extend around its outer circumference.
There is provided a separator for a non-aqueous secondary battery, containing a porous substrate, and an adhesive porous layer that is provided on one side or both sides of the porous substrate, in which the adhesive porous layer contains a polyvinylidene fluoride type resin A including a vinylidene fluoride monomer unit and a hexafluoropropylene monomer unit, and a polyvinylidene fluoride type resin B including a vinylidene fluoride monomer unit and a hexafluoropropylene monomer unit, a proportion of the hexafluoropropylene monomer unit in the polyvinylidene fluoride type resin A is more than 1.5 mol % and 5 mol % or less with respect to a total amount of the vinylidene fluoride monomer unit and the hexafluoropropylene monomer unit of the polyvinylidene fluoride type resin A, a proportion of the hexafluoropropylene monomer unit in the polyvinylidene fluoride type resin B is more than 5 mol % and 15 mol % or less with respect to a total amount of the vinylidene fluoride monomer unit and the hexafluoropropylene monomer unit of the polyvinylidene fluoride type resin B, and a weighted average of a weight-average molecular weight of the polyvinylidene fluoride type resin A and a weight-average molecular weight of the polyvinylidene fluoride type resin B is from 600,000 to 2,000,000.
A separator for a non-aqueous secondary battery, containing a porous substrate, and an adhesive porous layer that is provided on one side or both sides of the porous substrate, in which the adhesive porous layer contains a polyvinylidene fluoride type resin including a vinylidene fluoride monomer unit and a hexafluoropropylene monomer unit, and the polyvinylidene fluoride type resin has an acid value of from 3.0 mgKOH/g to 20 mgKOH/g.
To provide a polycarbonate resin having an excellent hue and high heat stability, and a production method and a film thereof. The polycarbonate resin has a carbonate constituent unit represented by the following formula (A), wherein the resin contains a terminal group represented by the following formula (1) or (2) and 0.1 to 500 ppm of an aromatic monohydroxy compound. [chemical expression included] (In the formula (1), R1 is an alkyl group having 6 to 15 carbon atoms which may be substituted.) [chemical expression included] (In the formula (2), R2 and R3 are each independently an alkylene group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms which may be substituted. R4 is a hydrogen atom or alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms which may be substituted. n is an integer of 1 to 20.)
Provided is a fiber-reinforced resin shaped product including reinforcing fibers and a thermoplastic resin and having grains on at least a part of a surface thereof. The ratio of a maximum reflectance (R) to a half-value width (H), each of which is obtained by goniophotometric measurement satisfies Expression (1): R/H≤0.034×R−0.15 (1). In the expression, R is a maximum reflectance (%), and H is a half-value width (degree).
Provided is a fiber-reinforced composite material shaped product having isotropy and mechanical strength and a random mat used as an intermediate material thereof. The random mat includes reinforcing fibers having an average fiber length of 3 to 100 mm and a thermoplastic resin, in which the reinforcing fibers satisfy the following i) to iii). i) A weight-average fiber width (Ww) of the reinforcing fibers satisfies the following Equation (1). 0.03 mm
Provided is a separator for a non-aqueous secondary battery, including: a porous substrate having an average pore diameter of from 20 nm to 100 nm; and a porous layer provided on one or both sides of the porous substrate and including a polyvinylidene fluoride resin and a filler, the porous layer including a filler in an amount of from 45% by volume to 75% by volume with respect to a total solid content of the porous layer, a weight average molecular weight of the polyvinylidene fluoride resin being 1,000,000 or more, and a peel strength between the porous substrate and the porous layer being 0.20 N/12 mm or more.
GM Global Technology Operations LLC and Teijin Limited
Methods of repairing defects in polymeric composite structures are provided. The methods include filling or bonding defects with a pre-polymerization solution and polymerizing the pre-polymerization solution in situ. Patches or support structures can be disposed at the site of the defect to increase the strength of the repair or to make the repair cosmetically pleasing, respectively. Such a method of repairing a defect may include applying a pre-polymer solution having a reinforcing material and a monomer to the defect in a polymeric composite structure; disposing a support structure on a surface of the polymeric composite structure over at least a portion of the defect having the applied pre-polymer solution; and polymerizing the monomer in the pre-polymer solution to form a repaired region in the polymeric composite structure including a polymer having the reinforcing material distributed therein.
The present invention provides a method for manufacturing a laminate that exhibits visible light transparency and ultraviolet light shielding properties while maintaining an extremely high degree of scratch resistance, and that has all the necessary weather resistance and durability properties for withstanding long-term outdoor exposure. This method for manufacturing a laminate having the abovementioned properties includes: (1) using active energy rays to cure, on an organic resin substrate, an acrylic silicone resin composition having an inorganic component percentage X of 0.2 to 0.8 to form an intermediate layer, (2) dry-etching the surface of the intermediate layer obtained at step (1) using a non-oxidizing gas plasma of a plasma irradiation amount Y correlated with the inorganic component percentage X; and (3) plasma-polymerizing an organosilicon compound to form a hard coat layer on the surface of the intermediate layer obtained at step (2).
Provided is a nonwoven fabric structure containing an odd-shaped fiber. The odd-shaped fiber has bubbles inside and has a cross-sectional shape that is an irregular, non-circular cross-section. Further, it is preferable that the cross-sectional shape of the odd-shaped fiber changes in the fiber length direction, the odd-shaped fiber has a crystallinity of 40% or less, and the odd-shaped fiber is made of at least two kinds of thermoplastic resins. It is also preferable that that the nonwoven fabric structure contains a heat fusible fiber, the odd-shaped fiber is present in the form of a net-like fiber sheet, and the odd-shaped fiber is in the form of short fibers. In addition, a method for producing such a nonwoven fabric structure is a method in which a thermoplastic resin containing a foaming agent is extruded through a slit die to give an odd-shaped fiber having bubbles inside, followed by three-dimensional shaping.