HISTORY textbooks, CHINESE national characteristics, TEXTBOOK editing, REVISION (Writing process), SOCIALISM -- China, HIGH school students, SECONDARY education, and EDUCATION -- China
In recent years, the Chinese government has launched a national campaign to comprehensively revise history textbook in order to "fully implant socialist core values into youngsters" and ensure their familiarity and identification with "socialism with Chinese characteristics," specifically. Based on in-depth field interviews with teachers and students in a sample of senior high schools in Beijing, this article examines what impact this textbook reform has had on students' identity and values. We find that the ideological content and national discourse in the new textbook has been significantly strengthened compared to the pre-2003 versions. The changes have significantly reinforced positive views of the "China model," characterized by the country's splendid cultural and historical tradition and centralized governance, and increased nationalist and anti-Western sentiment among the Chinese younger generation. The implications of these findings are considered in the light of Lee's (Managing Chineseness: identity and ethnic management in Singapore. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2017) theory of identity grafting and the impact of state intervention on Chinese identities. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
People's democracies, Socialism--China, and Democracy--China
The book expounds on the role played by democracy in China's revolution and modernization led by the Communist Party of China (CPC), and how the CPC, in both its party building and state building, has constantly sought to leverage democracy's positive functions while avoiding its shortcomings.Special attention is paid to reconstructing and explaining the historical contexts from which the Party's theoretical innovations have emerged, thus offering readers insights into the inner political logic that has shaped China's development.The author, a member of the Party's senior policy panel, offers a perceptive analysis of the modernization of the country and its governing capacity, and provides a clear assessment of how democracy in China has developed with the times.Always bearing the big picture in mind, the author has not shied away from some of the more controversial parts of China's recent history, and his deep understanding of relevant Party documents and historical facts give strong support to his analyses. He concludes that that the Party is central to leading the nation to explore its path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and that the country has always emerged stronger after setbacks.
'The book expounds on the role played by democracy in China's revolution and modernization led by the Communist Party of China (CPC), and how the CPC, in both its party building and state building, has constantly sought to leverage democracy's positive functions while avoiding its shortcomings. Special attention is paid to reconstructing and explaining the historical contexts from which the Party's theoretical innovations have emerged, thus offering readers insights into the inner political logic that has shaped China's development. The author, a member of the Party's senior policy panel, offers a perceptive analysis of the modernization of the country and its governing capacity, and provides a clear assessment of how democracy in China has developed with the times. Always bearing the big picture in mind, the author has not shied away from some of the more controversial parts of China's recent history, and his deep understanding of relevant Party documents and historical facts give strong support to his analyses. He concludes that that the Party is central to leading the nation to explore its path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and that the country has always emerged stronger after setbacks'--Publisher's website
INFORMAL sector, FEDERAL government, PUBLIC finance, LOCAL government, and TAXATION
The second largest economy in the world and one of the five existing experiences of Real Socialism, China surprises for its capacity for growth, innovation and development. Although it is defined as a unitary state, many of its practices are decentralized. In this way, this work brings a survey of the tax system that has existed since 1994 in China, the Tax-Share System, detailing its taxes, budget expenditures, and the regional issue. In addition, it also focuses on the division of these variables between the levels of central and local government. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
International Critical Thought. Jun2020, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p311-322. 12p.
COVID-19, COVID-19 pandemic, SOCIALISM, POLITICAL systems, and WESTERN countries
This article compares the response of the Chinese state to the COVID-19 pandemic with that of the major Western capitalist countries. It collates evidence showing that China has mobilised unprecedented governmental, economic, technological, scientific and human resources in order to get the viral outbreak under control. In countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom, on the other hand, the response to COVID-19 has thus far been insufficient, and as a result these countries have not had anywhere near China's level of success in protecting their populations from infection. Analysing the reasons for this disparity, the article concludes that China's socialist economic and political system, along with the leadership of the Communist Party of China, have been indispensable factors in China's extraordinary efforts to respond to one of the greatest threats to humanity in modern history. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
China Report; Feb2020, Vol. 56 Issue 1, p1-18, 18p
CHINA -- Politics & government, SOFT power (Social sciences), CHINA -- Foreign relations, SOCIALISM -- China, POWER (Social sciences), and CONCEPTS
This article examines China's unique soft power conceptualisation, which differs from the American coinage. It contributes to the existing literature by demonstrating how soft power is theorised by Chinese academicians and policymakers in a distinct way. That means, according to China's own tradition, predating the term. Unlike in America, where soft power is largely developed freely, in China, it is highly centralised. As a rising power, the People's Republic initially concentrates on building domestic soft power, primarily through socialist culture and virtuous governance. These are in turn displayed to the outside world. Beijing uses multiple channels to tell the China story and has been setting up international platforms to portray itself as a responsible global actor. Several soft power indexes show that China holds a relatively positive image in Africa and South America. In Asia, views are mixed, while in Europe and North America, they remain low. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Women--Employment--China--Yangtze River, Women and socialism--China--Yangtze River, Silk industry--China--Yangtze River--History--20th century, Women silk industry workers--China--Yangtze River, and Work environment--China--Yangtze River
'Red Silk is a history of China's Yangzi Delta silk industry during the wars, crises, and revolutions of the mid-twentieth century. Based on extensive research in Chinese archives and focused on the 1950s, the book compares two very different groups of silk workers and their experiences in the revolution. Male silk weavers in Shanghai factories enjoyed close ties to the Communist party-state and benefited greatly from socialist policies after 1949. In contrast, workers in silk thread mills, or filatures, were mostly young women who lacked powerful organizations or ties to the revolutionary regime. For many filature workers, working conditions changed little after 1949 and politicized production campaigns added a new burden within the brutal and oppressive factory regime in place since the nineteenth century.Both groups of workers and their employers had to adapt to rapidly changing circumstances. Their actions—protests, petitions, bribery, tax evasion—compelled the party-state to adjust its policies, producing new challenges. The results, though initially positive for many, were ultimately disastrous. By the end of the 1950s, there was widespread conflict and deprivation among silk workers and, despite its impressive recovery under Communist rule, the industry faced a crisis worse than war and revolution.'
Transmodernity: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World; 2020, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p138-160, 23p
SOCIALISM -- China, DIPLOMACY, and CULTURAL relations
Copyright of Transmodernity: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World is the property of Transmodernity: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
Socialism -- China, Philosophy, Marxist -- China, Nationalism -- China, World politics -- 21st century, Political oratory -- China -- 21st century, Nationalism, Philosophy, Marxist, Political oratory, Socialism, World politics, China, and 2000-2099
ECONOMIC reform, POLITICAL reform, SELF-culture, SOCIALISM -- China, and TECHNOLOGICAL innovations
The article offers information on the success of China's progressive development which is correctly handling the relationship between theory and practice. Topics include relationship between incremental reform and stock reform and economic reform and political reform; steady and gradual process of self-improvement and development of the socialist system, which is different from the radical reform path in the Soviet Union; and emphasizing innovation and exploration in advancing the reform.
China Today. Dec2019, Vol. 68 Issue 12, p38-40. 3p.
SOCIALISM, ECONOMIC development, SOCIAL development, and CHINA
The article focuses on socialism with characteristics of China which has entered China's development and direction China is heading toward. Topics discussed include session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), views of General Secretary Xi Jinping on the same and economic and social development of China.