Biomedical engineering, Génie biomédical, Sciences biologiques et medicales, Biological and medical sciences, Sciences medicales, Medical sciences, Chirurgie (generalites). Transplantations, greffes d'organes et de tissus. Pathologie des greffons, Surgery (general aspects). Transplantations, organ and tissue grafts. Graft diseases, Technologie. Biomatériaux. Equipements, Technology. Biomaterials. Equipments, Biomatériau, Biomaterial, Génie biomédical, Biomedical engineering, Ingeniería biomédica, Laser, Láser, Matériau revêtement, Coating material, Material revestimiento, Phosphate de calcium, Calcium phosphate, Calcio fosfato, Revêtement, Coatings, Revestimiento, Traitement surface, Surface treatment, Tratamiento superficie, Biomimétique, biomimetic process, calcium phosphate (CaP), coating, laser, and surface modification
Simple, mild, and area-specific calcium phosphate (CaP) coating techniques are useful for the production and surface modification of biomaterials. In this study, an area-specific CaP coating technique for polymer substrates was successfully developed using a liquid-phase laser process. In the proposed method, Nd―YAG laser light (355 nm, 30 Hz, and 1―3 W) irradiated an ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) substrate immersed in a supersaturated CaP solution for various periods of time (up to 30 min). The CaP-forming ability increased with an increase in the laser power and irradiation period. At the optimal laser power (3 W), a continuous CaP layer formed within 30 min on the laser-irradiated surface of the EVOH substrate. The formation of CaP was attributed to laser absorption by the EVOH substrate, which promoted the surface modification of EVOH and an increase in the temperature of the solution near the surface of the substrate. The resulting CaP coating showed better cell adhesion property than the naked EVOH substrate. The proposed CaP coating technique is simple (quick and single step) and area specific. Furthermore, the present process is carried out under mild conditions, that is, at normal pressures and temperatures in a safe aqueous medium. These are significant advantages of the proposed CaP coating technique.