Games--Peru--History and Incas--Social life and customs
Ce livre, premier ouvrage entièrement consacré aux jeux andins, constitue un apport de grande valeur sur le Pérou préhispanique. Inventions sociales, les jeux y remplissaient un rôle déterminant dans le processus de prise de décision pour un partage et une redistribution équitable des biens, tâches et responsabilités tant au niveau individuel que collectif. Leur étude minutieuse aboutit à une meilleure compréhension des institutions et de l'organisation administrative de l'empire inca.
Turner JP, Richard C, Lussier MT, Lavoie ME, Farrell B, Roberge D, and Tannenbaum C
Therapeutic Advances In Drug Safety [Ther Adv Drug Saf] 2018 Oct 20; Vol. 9 (12), pp. 687-698. Date of Electronic Publication: 20181020 (Print Publication: 2018).
Background: Little is known about the initiation, style and content of patient and healthcare provider communication around deprescribing. We report the findings from a content analysis of audio-recorded discussions of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and benzodiazepine deprescribing in primary care. Methods: Participants were healthcare providers (n = 13) from primary care practices (n = 3) and patients aged ⩾65 (n = 24) who were chronic users of PPIs or benzodiazepines. The EMPOWER educational brochures were distributed prior to (n = 15) or after (n = 9) the patient's usual healthcare provider appointment. Conversations were audio-recorded and coded using MEDICODE to analyze who initiated different themes, whether they followed a monologue or dialogue style, and to what extent the thematic content addressed issues pertaining to: 'dosage/instructions,' 'medication action and efficacy,' 'risk/adverse effects,' 'attitudes/emotions,' 'adherence' and 'follow up.' Descriptive analysis of the conversations was performed with comparison between patients who received the EMPOWER brochure before or after their appointments. Results: Patients were mostly women (67%) with a mean age of 74 ± 6 years. For PPI users, prior education resulted in a greater proportion of themes initiated by patients (44% versus 17%) and maintaining dialogue-style conversations (48% versus 28%). Among benzodiazepine users, conversation initiation (52% versus 47%) and conversation style was similar between both groups. The content of deprescribing conversations for PPIs revealed that patients and their healthcare providers focused less on 'dosage/instructions,' and more on the 'medication action and efficacy' and the necessity for 'follow up.' Conversations about stopping benzodiazepines were more likely to stagnate on the 'if' rather than the 'how.' Conclusion: The initiation, style and content of the conversations varied between PPI and benzodiazepine users, suggesting that healthcare providers will need to tailor deprescribing conversations accordingly.