ESSE Messenger. Summer2019, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p6-16. 11p.
MUMMIES in literature, IMPERIALISM in literature, RACISM in literature, and ANDROCENTRISM
A pioneer of the mummy legend, Bram Stoker's novel The Jewel of Seven Stars (1903) conjures the horror of the mummy through Tera, whose body is brought from Egypt to London as part of archaeological excavation. Picturing the strict struggle between the evil and the good as well as the constant imperial and racial conflict between the west and the east, Stoker's story sets an example to Anne Rice's The Mummy, or Ramses the Damned (1989), which revivifies the mummy of Ramses II. Despite drawing certain similarities with Stoker's horror work, Rice's romance novel focuses mainly on Ramses' humane adventures in the-twentieth-century London and Egypt. More significantly, the mummy legend is utilised in these narratives to reflect the fin de siècle pursuits of the British Empire and the androcentric and racist mind-set prevailing throughout the twentieth century through the objectification and stigmatisation of the mummies as part of the east. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
SEXUAL freedom in literature, OPPRESSION (Psychology) in literature, and RACISM in literature
This article argues that Shyam Selvadurai's 2013 novel The Hungry Ghosts is beholden to a number of myths that locate the text within the concerns of queer migration studies. The protagonist Shivan is invested in the mythological promises of the west and of wealth as offering him sexual freedom and recognition, yet these commitments mean he fails to see the contextual and political specificities that cause harm both to himself and to those around him. This article critiques the novel's conclusion by arguing that its investment in fate is a tool through which the effects of oppressive systems are elided, and the queer migrant is rendered a doomed subject. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
LITERARY criticism, NATIVE Americans in literature, and RACISM in literature
Barbara Kingsolver's novel 'Pigs in Heaven' is a sequel and corrective to the earlier The Bean Trees. It is a portrayal of American Indians and the contemporary awareness of racial issues. The plot of the novel describes Taylor's responsibility of taking care of Turtle, her .secuvhfor a job, her sharing of residence with Lou Ann, her friendship with the Guatemalan refugees, her popularity when they saved a mentally retarded man from the Hoover dam spot, Anna wake Fourkiller threat to separate Turtle from her for not having legal adoption papers and her connection to Indians. This paper attempts to analyze the various aspects handled by Kingsolver to create or attain a community through connectivity through her characters. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
LITERARY criticism, AFRICAN American women in literature, FEMINISM in literature, and RACISM in literature
In the no vel The Color Purple, A lice Walker has carried out a vivid portrait of her views regarding the hardships, bitterness subjugation and exploitation that African American women had to face in the early 1900's. Walker's story is fraught with very powerful and emotional experiences such as rape, the oppression of women, physical abuse, and prejudice. Her novel also explores the truth about men and women, blacks and whites. The novel is presented in an epistolary form and demonstrates the metamorphosis of a weak, black, mentally, physicallyandspirituallyabusedblackgirlinto anindependent strongwoman. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
LITERARY criticism, SLAVERY in literature, RACISM in literature, and ATROCITIES in literature
Since the time of its inception, African-American novels are based on the unifying principle of writing the African-American experience that led to the liberation of slaves of African ancestry. The urge to define and chronicle their experience as a result of the atrocities castupon them as well as to breakthe prejudice that Africans have no definitepast, forced the black writers to take pride of their rich culture and tradition. Owing to the denial of intrinsic rights to participate in the dominant culture, the blacks adopted their own ethnic culture to establish their individual identity. They reinterpreted the cultural resources in pursuit of identity, status and power amidst the racist, capitalist and patriarchal white society. This led to the/ wis i ting of African roots through folklores, myths, legends, spiritualism.folksermons, music, hoodoo, and the unique art of quilting. African American novelists presented their individual vision packed by historical and cultural context. These survivalstrategies provideda fertile soil'for the Africany American literature to grow and spread. The present research paper attempts to study A frican American folk and culture with reference to Hurston's Mavev, Man of the Mountain. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
BLACKS in literature, WORKING class in literature, FOREIGN workers -- Great Britain, MULTICULTURALISM in literature, and RACISM in literature
The article discusses the complex interaction of class and race in the works of novelist Caryl Phillips with particular focus on his two novels "In the Falling Snow" and "The Lost Child". It outlines the focus of his works on the situation of the migrant black working class people residing in Great Britain. The concepts of multiculturalism and racism have been discussed.
SOCIAL justice in literature, ELITISM in literature, EUGENICS in literature, RACISM in literature, FASCISM in literature, and POETRY (Literary form) -- History & criticism
A literary criticism of the poetry book "Intercessions" by poet Denis Devlin is presented. It explores the tension between motion and stasis in the book. It outlines the focus on the book to be on the social and ethical injustice that oppresses people where it denounces the ideas of elitism, eugenics, racism and fascism. A detailed analysis of the poetry lines is presented.
RACISM in literature, SOCIAL classes in literature, and RACE discrimination in education
"While she lives in Garden Heights, a predominantly poor, black neighborhood, she attends a rich, mostly white private high school called Williamson Prep. Herein lies one of the novel's central tensions; since the two worlds Starr inhabits are in a sense opposite, she must split herself to function in each one. Garden Heights Starr is at home in the black, poor community; Williamson Starr is amid the multitude of rich, white peers. To do so, the protagonist uses sneakers to cross realms, so to speak, allowing the shoes to act as material representations of the social and racial boundaries she traverses daily. I wish to analyze how Starr uses sneakers to cross these lines between her school and home. In the novel, Thomas confronts the racist institutions that determine color lines and implements specifically black cultural symbols and capital to serve as foils to the racist ideologies." [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]