Metallurgy, welding, Métallurgie, soudage, Sciences exactes et technologie, Exact sciences and technology, Physique, Physics, Domaines interdisciplinaires: science des materiaux; rheologie, Cross-disciplinary physics: materials science; rheology, Science des matériaux, Materials science, Traitement des matériaux et son effet sur la microstructure et les propriétés, Treatment of materials and its effects on microstructure and properties, Autres traitements thermiques et thermomécaniques, Other heat and thermomechanical treatments, Aluminium, Champ déformation, Strain distribution, Campo deformación, Dureté Vickers, Vickers hardness, Déformation plastique, Plastic deformation, Extrusion angulaire section constante, ECAP, Grande déformation, High strain, Gran deformación, Méthode élément fini, Finite element method, Torsion, Pressage angulaire section symétrique, aluminum, mechanical testing, and modification
In this study, a method that combines the equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) and twist extrusion (TE) techniques has been introduced as a severe plastic deformation process and investigated by means of the three-dimensional finite element analysis. Owing to the form of the mold which is used in this technique, it can be called the symmetrical channels angular pressing (SCAP) method. This method resembles the more common ECAP process for samples with rectangular cross sections, with the difference that, in this method, the entrance and exit channels at the intersecting corner of the mold also have a twist about their longitudinal axis (as in the TE technique). In this study, to show the characteristics of the SCAP method and to compare it with the ECAP technique, the former method has been simulated by the ABAQUS/Explicit software. Also, to validate the obtained results, the SCAP and ECAP methods were practically applied on samples made of pure commercial aluminum (AA1050). To get the strain distribution along the longitudinal and transverse directions of the samples, Vickers hardness was measured on these samples. The results obtained from these hardness measurements indicate that after one pass, the SCAP method can achieve a higher amount of hardness, compared with the ECAP technique. Moreover, the strain distributions obtained from the simulation and from the samples demonstrate that the SCAP method produces a more homogeneous distribution of strain in the workpieces.