Slavery--History--19th century--Political aspects--United States
As the sectional crisis gripped the United States, the rancor increasingly spread to the halls of Congress. Preston Brooks's frenzied assault on Charles Sumner was perhaps the most notorious evidence of the dangerous divide between proslavery Democrats and the new antislavery Republican Party. But as disunion loomed, rifts within the majority Democratic Party were every bit as consequential. And nowhere was the fracture more apparent than in the raging debates between Illinois's Stephen Douglas and Mississippi's Jefferson Davis. As leaders of the Democrats'northern and southern factions before the Civil War, their passionate conflict of words and ideas has been overshadowed by their opposition to Abraham Lincoln. But here, weaving together biography and political history, Michael E. Woods restores Davis and Douglas's fatefully entwined lives and careers to the center of the Civil War era. Operating on personal, partisan, and national levels, Woods traces the deep roots of Democrats'internal strife, with fault lines drawn around fundamental questions of property rights and majority rule. Neither belief in white supremacy nor expansionist zeal could reconcile Douglas and Davis's factions as their constituents formed their own lines in the proverbial soil of westward expansion. The first major reinterpretation of the Democratic Party's internal schism in more than a generation, Arguing until Doomsday shows how two leading antebellum politicians ultimately shattered their party and hastened the coming of the Civil War.
Michael E. Woods, Michael Ouwenga, and Marcus L. Quek
The Scientific World Journal, Vol 7, Pp 789-799 (2007)
Technology, Medicine, and Science
A pelvic lymph node dissection is commonly performed by urologists in the surgical management of prostate and bladder cancer. Identification of lymph node metastases provides important prognostic information for both diseases. Despite advances in radiographic imaging, a pelvic lymphadenectomy remains the most accurate method to stage lymph node involvement. In the past two decades, there has been an increase in the diagnosis of early stage prostate cancer, which has led some to omit a pelvic lymphadenectomy in patients thought to have low probability of positive lymph nodes. There is little debate, however, over the inclusion of a lymph node dissection in bladder cancer given the approximately 25% incidence of unsuspected nodal disease at the time of surgery. Controversy exists over the extent of an appropriate lymphadenectomy and its therapeutic efficacy. This review will examine the need, extent, and the potential prognostic and therapeutic benefits of a pelvic lymphadenectomy in prostate and bladder cancer.