Empirical research, Analysis of variance, Chiapas (Mexico) -- History, Coniferous forests, and Wood density
To estimate the basic density of Pinus ayacahite var wood. Veitchii Shaw in El Ejido el Rodeo, Chiapas, Mexico, the method of maximum moisture content and the empirical method were used. For this, 1 23 samples (shavings) were extracted with a Pressler drill at the height of 1.30 m. Statistica 7.0 ® software was used in the analysis by simple correlation and analysis of variance. The simple correlation between the values of wood density obtained by the methods was r = 0.95, with a high statistical significance. The average value of wood density obtained by the empirical method was 0.447, with a minimum value of 0.291 and maximum of 1.135 g cm-3. The method of maximum moisture content presented an average of 0.426 with a minimum value of 0.329 and maximum of 0.879 g cm-3, respectively. The empirical method and the maximum moisture content were highly reliable in the estimation of the density, being the empirical method the easiest to estimate the density following the maximum with moisture content. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
RELIGION & education, EDUCATION, HISTORY, MEXICAN manuscripts, ARCHIVES, and NATIONALISM
This article argues that eighteenth-century native elites played a significant role in the larger intellectual scene of colonial Mexico by participating in the same debates as their creole and European counterparts. I contend that the documentation produced by native elites related to the indigenous schools (colegios), convents, and seminaries during the eighteenth century provides an important context for understanding the ways in which knowledge circulated between natives, creoles, and Europeans. In addition, when this "indigenous archive" is read in tandem with more traditional historiographical native sources, we can better appreciate the indigenous roots of the dominant narrative of Mexican nationalism. To illustrate the state of fragmentation of what I call an indigenous archive, I discuss the state of the archives of the Jesuit Colegio de San Gregorio and the Franciscan Convent of Corpus Christi. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGICAL excavations, HUMAN sacrifice, TEMPLES, PLAZAS, and MEXICO City (Mexico)
The article discusses archaeological excavations in Mexico City, Mexico, the site of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. Particular focus is given to the ways in which the city was built in layers over time and to the role of human sacrifice in Aztec society. Details on several archaeological sites, including the Templo Mayor, the Plaza Manuel Gamio, and the elite school known as the Calmécac, are presented.
Bloomberg Businessweek. 10/16/2017, Issue 4542, p50-55. 6p. 4 Color Photographs.
MANUFACTURES, COMMERCE, GOVERNMENT policy, CIUDAD Juarez (Mexico) -- History, UNITED States, and MEXICO-United States relations
The article discusses Jaime Bermúdez Cuarón, the leading owner of Mexican manufacturer based in Juárez. He began building factories in 1967 and embraces international business relationships. He was born in 1923 in Ciudad Juárez, was educated in the United States, and embraced the Border Industrialization Program to lure American business to manufacture goods in Mexico.
HISTORY, AGRICULTURAL history, AGRICULTURAL laborers, SOCIAL justice, SLAVERY, RETIREMENT, CIUDAD Juarez (Mexico), and TEXAS state history
The article presents the author's views on his experience of visiting Ciudad Juárez, Texas to show his film "Brother Towns/Pueblo Hermanos" and photograph residents. Topics include the efforts of farmworkers to provide food for the U.S. when Texas was Mexico, the Bracero Program farm labor agreement between the U.S. and Mexico, and residents' demand for retirement benefits. Also discussed are the U.S.' dependence on Mexican labor, slavery, and the call for social justice.
Art and state--Mexico--History--20th century, Artists--Political activity--Mexico--History--20th century, and Women artists--Political activity--Mexico--History--20th century
Stephanie J. Smith brings Mexican politics and art together, chronicling the turbulent relations between radical artists and the postrevolutionary Mexican state. The revolution opened space for new political ideas, but by the late 1920s many government officials argued that consolidating the nation required coercive measures toward dissenters. While artists and intellectuals, some of them professed Communists, sought free expression in matters both artistic and political, Smith reveals how they simultaneously learned the fine art of negotiation with the increasingly authoritarian government in order to secure clout and financial patronage. But the government, Smith shows, also had reason to accommodate artists, and a surprising and volatile interdependence grew between the artists and the politicians. Involving well-known artists such as Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, and David Alfaro Siqueiros, as well as some less well known, including Tina Modotti, Leopoldo Mendez, and Aurora Reyes, politicians began to appropriate the artists'nationalistic visual images as weapons in a national propaganda war. High-stakes negotiating and co-opting took place between the two camps as they sparred over the production of generally accepted notions and representations of the revolution's legacy—and what it meant to be authentically Mexican.
Nationalism--Mexico--History, Nation-building--Mexico--History, Soldiers--Mexico--History, Social change--Mexico--History, and Political culture--Mexico--History
This innovative social and cultural history explores the daily lives of the lowest echelons in president Porfirio Díaz's army through the decades leading up to the 1910 Revolution. The author shows how life in the barracks—not just combat and drill but also leisure, vice, and intimacy—reveals the basic power relations that made Mexico into a modern society. The Porfirian regime sought to control and direct violence, to impose scientific hygiene and patriotic zeal, and to build an army to rival that of the European powers. The barracks community enacted these objectives in times of war or peace, but never perfectly, and never as expected. The fault lines within the process of creating the ideal army echoed the challenges of constructing an ideal society. This insightful history of life, love, and war in turn-of-the-century Mexico sheds useful light on the troubled state of the Mexican military more than a century later.
Roads--Mexico--Design and construction--History--20th century, Highway engineering--Mexico--History--20th century, and Transportation, Automotive--Government policy--Mexico--History--20th century
In Routes of Compromise Michael K. Bess studies the social, economic, and political implications of road building and state formation in Mexico through a comparative analysis of Nuevo León and Veracruz from the 1920s to the 1950s. He examines how both foreign and domestic actors, working at local, national, and transnational levels, helped determine how Mexico would build and finance its roadways. While Veracruz offered a radical model for regional construction that empowered agrarian communities, national consensus would solidify around policies championed by Nuevo León's political and commercial elites. Bess shows that no single political figure or central agency dominated the process of determining Mexico's road-building policies. Instead, provincial road-building efforts highlight the contingent nature of power and state formation in midcentury Mexico.
Justice, Administration of--Mexico--History--20th century, Crime writing--History and criticism, Crime--Mexico--History--20th century, and Crime--Press coverage--Mexico--History--20th century
A History of Infamy explores the broken nexus between crime, justice, and truth in mid-twentieth-century Mexico. Faced with the violence and impunity that defined politics, policing, and the judicial system in post-revolutionary times, Mexicans sought truth and justice outside state institutions. During this period, criminal news and crime fiction flourished. Civil society's search for truth and justice led, paradoxically, to the normalization of extrajudicial violence and neglect of the rights of victims. As Pablo Piccato demonstrates, ordinary people in Mexico have made crime and punishment central concerns of the public sphere during the last century, and in doing so have shaped crime and violence in our times.
Murder--Mexico--History--20th century, Suicide--Mexico--History--20th century, and Death--Social aspects--Mexico--History--20th century
At the turn of the twentieth century, many observers considered suicide to be a worldwide social problem that had reached epidemic proportions. In Mexico City, violent deaths in public spaces were commonplace in a city undergoing rapid modernization. Crime rates mounted, corpses piled up in the morgue, and the media reported on sensational cases of murder and suicide. More troublesome still, a compelling death wish appeared to grip women and youth. Drawing on a range of sources from judicial records to the popular press, Death in the City investigates the cultural meanings of self-destruction in modern Mexico. The author examines responses to suicide and death and disproves the long-held belief that Mexicans possess a cavalier attitude toward suffering.
Women soldiers--Mexico--History, Women revolutionaries--Mexico--History, Racially mixed women--Mexico--History, Women--Mexico--History, Women, Black--Mexico--History, Sex role--Mexico--History, Blacks in art, Art and society--Mexico--History, and Women in art
Analyzes cultural materials that grapple with gender and blackness to revise traditional interpretations of Mexicanness.