Mariana Risério Chaves de Menezes and Mariana Risério Chaves de Menezes
Teenage girls, Young women, Women--Violence against, Cyberfeminism, and Internet and women
Sabe-se que transita na internet – o meio de comunicação mais significativo da sociedade atual – a repetição de estruturas sociais e estereótipos. É nessa lógica que violências contra as mulheres são reproduzidas, coexistindo com transformações na intimidade e avanços na autonomia feminina. O meio virtual reflete e incita uma cultura de hiperexposição da imagem, no qual vidas privadas alcançam dimensão pública. Surge aí o sexting – uma forma de relacionamento entre jovens por meio de mensagens de texto de cunho sexual e que podem conter imagens –, palco também para chantagem e exploração da imagem feminina: o pornô de vingança. Se o sexting existe no sentido de novas nuances no relacionamento, e já que se relacionar pressupõe mais de uma pessoa, qual a razão de as mulheres terem suas expressões sexuais cerceadas? A exposição da imagem de mulheres como vingança desnuda uma lógica machista e aponta para a necessidade de se trabalhar a educação sexual na juventude. Por outro lado, essa mesma internet que veicula violências abre-se em um espaço propício a movimentos autônomos para enfrentar essas agressões. Os ciberfeminismos ocupam as lacunas não preenchidas por instituições formais, criando e fortalecendo redes de apoio a vítimas e atuando no autoconhecimento de meninas e mulheres, bem como enfrentando novos desafios relativos aos movimentos sociais, da necessidade de maior abrangência e de cautela a punitivismos (em momento de tensões propiciadas pelo no ciberespaço e enfatizadas neste).
Cybersexism is rampant and can exact an astonishingly high cost. In some cases, the final result is suicide. Bullying, stalking, and trolling are just the beginning. Extreme examples such as GamerGate get publicized, but otherwise the online abuse of women is largely underreported. Haters combines a history of online sexism with suggestions for solutions. Using current events and the latest available research into cybersexism, Bailey Poland questions the motivations behind cybersexist activities and explores methods to reduce footprints of Internet misogyny, drawing parallels between online and offline abuse. By exploring the cases of Alyssa Funke, Rehtaeh Parsons, Audrie Pott, Zoe Quinn, Anita Sarkeesian, Brianna Wu, and others, and her personal experiences with sexism, Poland develops a compelling method of combating sexism online.
Female scientists, technologists, engineers, and mathematicians worldwide are making historic contributions to their fields. The modern workforce is closer to gender-equal than it has ever been, and many efforts are in place to support further progress. The Internet of Women provides an exciting look at personal narratives and case studies of female leaders and cultural shifts around the globe that illustrate this promising trend. From the United Nations'emphasis on girls and technology education in the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) to the increased female labor force in Zambia, a policy change that was inspired by the MDGs (UN Millennial Development Goals), The Internet of Women captures stunning examples of progress from around the world and men working hand in hand with women advocating for cultural change. Scholars and practitioners lament the lack of women leading and working in leading organizations in the technology industry. Gender equality and female participation in the tech field is critical to both developing and developed economies; nevertheless, this gap remains a global phenomenon. The lack of female leadership is particularly extreme at the highest echelons of leading technology organizations. Few publicly traded tech companies have female CEOs - in fact, most nations have zero female leadership in the tech industry. This gap indicates a slow pace of progress for gender equality in tech employment. Women's pay still lags nearly a decade behind, according to the World Economic Forum, meaning that women's on average pay today is the equivalent to that of similarly qualified and similarly employed men in 2006. Without significant progress, the current rate of change will not lead to parity for 118 years, according to the World Economic Forum (WEF). However there's significant work being done to shift this tide. Take for instance Michelle Lee, the first female Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), reflects on her childhood Girl Scout badge in sewing and cooking and how that memory inspired her to create an IP badge that exposes young women to the process of invention. Social entrepreneur, investor, and Malala Fund co-founder Shiza Shahid shares her efforts beginning from mentoring young women in Pakistan to her current work directing more investment to women innovators around the globe. And Elizabeth Isele, a senior fellow in Social Innovation at Babson College, shares her research on women and ageism saying we need to retire the word retirement. The book is divided into six parts, each with unique areas of focus:• Millennials Leading: Exploring Challenges and Opportunities Facing the Next Generation of Women in Technology• Men and Women Empowering One Another• Bold Leadership: Women Changing the Culture of Investment and Entrepreneurship• Educating for the 21st Century• Breaking the Glass Ceiling: A Generation of Women Forging into Technology Leadership• Emerging Fields of TechnologyThe Internet of Women gathers examples about the increasingly inclusive and progressive gender culture in technology from over 30 countries. Stories range from an entrepreneur in Dubai partnering with private and public sector entities to accelerate blockchain technology to a young British woman moving to Silicon Valley to launch an artificial intelligence platform and incubator. The book is intended for corporations, academic institutions, the private sector, government agencies, gender experts, and the general public, and its key benefit is to let the reader understand a path towards implementing diversity overall globally. It also showcases the strategies, tools, and tactical execution on how to create cultural change in all parts of the world.
Michelle Moravec, Editor and Michelle Moravec, Editor
Blogs, Electronic discussion groups, Motherhood--Social aspects, Child rearing--Social aspects, and Internet and women
It may take a village to raise a child, but increasingly that means a virtual village. While the media may focus on the so-called “mommy wars,” and babyrazzi follow every move of celebrity moms, millions of mothers world-wide are creating online communities. These mommy groups provide an alternative context for understanding how women construct modern motherhood together. Motherhood Online explores the mutifaceted lives that moms live online. Ranging from longitudinal studies to focused explorations of identity, and the newest community context, mommy blogs, this book documents the millions of mommies who have found an outlet online. Whether centered on region, religion, race, or something else altogether, these communities of mothers are creating a new space for mom and allowing many women to maintain a grasp, however tenuous, on sanity in this crazy-making world of modern motherhood.