Torabi, Parisa, Azimirad, Masoumeh, Hasani, Zahra, Afrisham, Leili, Alebouyeh, Masoud, Mohammad Alizadeh, Amir Houshang, and Zali, Mohammad Reza
Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2017, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p1-4. 4p.
BACTERIAL contamination, GASTROENTEROLOGY, and CLOSTRIDIUM difficile
Background: This study aimed at analyzing microbial contamination in medical equipment, environment, and staff of a gastroenterology unit. Methods: Samples of gastrointestinal imaging devices, the environment, and staff were collected using standard swab-rinse technique and biochemical or molecular characteristics of the isolates, their susceptibility to antibiotics, and similarity of the resistance patterns were investigated. Results: Out of 107 samples, bacterial contamination was detected in the hands of staff (54.1%), imaging devices (56.7%), and in the environment (54.5%). While Pseudomonas spp. were detected only in the imaging devices (13.5%), Bacillus spp. (32.4% and 31.5%), Enterococcus spp. (14.3% and 5.9%), Clostridium difficile (10.8% and 10.5%), and Staphylococcus epidermidis (5.4% and 15.9%) were orderly the most common isolates from samples of the imaging devices and the environment. Nearly, 40% of P. aeruginosa strains were resistant to cefepime, while resistance to cephalosporins and β-lactamase inhibitor was detected in 33% and 75% of S. aureus strains, respectively. Homology of resistance patterns was detected between the imaging devices and hands of the staff. Conclusion: Our results proposed biofilm and spore forming bacteria as main contaminants of imaging devices in this hospital. Homology of the resistance patterns proposed involvement of staff in contamination of the equipment. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Svitlana Romaniuk and Katarzyna Jakubowska-Krawczyk
Studia z Filologii Polskiej i Słowiańskiej, Vol 53, Iss 0, Pp 310-330 (2018)
Ukraine, Revolution of Dignity, the art of Maidan, imaging devices, text of culture, poetics of literature, stylistic devices, Philology. Linguistics, P1-1091, Slavic languages. Baltic languages. Albanian languages, and PG1-9665
Imaging the events of the Ukrainian Revolution of Dignity (based on the anthology Mystets’kyĭ Barbakan: Trykutnyk 92: Antolohiia) The source of the analysed material is the anthology Mystets’kyĭ Barbakan, only 300 copies of which have been printed. It is a collection of works of literature, journalism, and art from the period of the Ukrainian Revolution of Dignity (the so-called Maĭdan) of 2013–2014. We focus on the works of art containing both words and images and we combine approaches from language and cultural studies: the imaging devices used in these selected works have been analyzed using the tools of poetics of literature and media, as well as linguistic methodology. Środki obrazowania wydarzeń rewolucji godności na Ukrainie (na podstawie publikacji Мистецький Барбакан: Трикутник 92: Антологія) Źródłem materiału do badania jest antologia Mystećkyj Barbakan, która ukazała się nakładem zaledwie 300 egz. Jest zbiorem tekstów literackich i publicystycznych, a także dzieł artystycznych z okresu rewolucji godności (tzw. Majdanu) na Ukrainie w latach 2013–2014. Analiza wybranych utworów artystycznych zawierających dwa składniki – słowo i obraz – została dokonana w oparciu o podejście lingwistyczno-kulturoznawcze: sposób obrazowania w wybranych pracach przeanalizowany został za pomocą narzędzi poetyki literatury i mediów, a także metodologii badań językoznawczych.
GLAUCOMA diagnosis, IMAGING systems, COST effectiveness, MEDICAL screening, SENSITIVITY analysis, and ECONOMICS
Purpose: To analyze the cost and detection rate of a screening program for detecting glaucoma with imaging devices. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, a glaucoma screening program was applied in a population-based sample randomly selected from a population of 23,527. Screening targeted the population at risk of glaucoma. Examinations included optic disk tomography (Heidelberg retina tomograph [HRT]), nerve fiber analysis, and tonometry. Subjects who met at least 2 of 3 endpoints (HRT outside normal limits, nerve fiber index ≥30, or tonometry ≥21 mmHg) were referred for glaucoma consultation. The currently established ("conventional") detection method was evaluated by recording data from primary care and ophthalmic consultations in the same population. The direct costs of screening and conventional detection were calculated by adding the unit costs generated during the diagnostic process. The detection rate of new glaucoma cases was assessed. Results: The screening program evaluated 414 subjects; 32 cases were referred for glaucoma consultation, 7 had glaucoma, and 10 had probable glaucoma. The current detection method assessed 677 glaucoma suspects in the population, of whom 29 were diagnosed with glaucoma or probable glaucoma. Glaucoma screening and the conventional detection method had detection rates of 4.1% and 3.1%, respectively, and the cost per case detected was 1,410 and 1,435€, respectively. The cost of screening 1 million inhabitants would be 5.1 million euros and would allow the detection of 4,715 new cases. Conclusion: The proposed screening method directed at population at risk allows a detection rate of 4.1% and a cost of 1,410 per case detected. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]