Values, Philosophical anthropology--History--20th century, and Ethics--History--20th century
Charles Taylor (1931-) is one of the leading living philosophers. This is the first extended study on the key notions of his views in philosophical anthropology and ethical theory. Firstly, Laitinen clarifies, qualifies and defends Taylor's thesis that transcendental arguments show that personal understandings concerning ethical and other values (so called'strong evaluation') is necessary, in different ways, for human agency, selfhood, identity and personhood. Secondly, Laitinen defends and develops in various ways Taylor's value realism. Finally, the book criticizes Taylor's view that it is necessary to identify and locate a constitutive source of value, such as God, Nature or Human Reason. Taylor relies heavily on this claim in his accounts of moral life, modern identity and, most recently, secularisation. Laitinen argues that the whole notion of constitutive moral source should be dropped – Taylor's views concerning strong evaluation and value realism are distorted by the question of constitutive'moral sources'.
Massmann, Alexander, 1977- and Massmann, Alexander, 1977-
Christian ethics -- History -- 20th century., Christian ethics., and History.
While Karl Barth is one of the most significant theologians of the twentieth century, his contribution to ethics is less well known and subject to controversy among interpreters. Barth combined his commitment to the church and its particular task in faith and theology with a concern for ethics and politics in wider society. By examining the historical development of Barth's ethics, this study traces the vital influences and considerable shifts in Barth's understanding of the ethical task, situating him within his political context. Alexander Massmann provides a comprehensive explication and assessment of the full scope of Barth's ethics, from the first edition of the Romans commentary to the final volume of the Church Dogmatics. General questions of Barth's methodology in ethics and case studies in applied ethics are both analyzed in their intricate connection to his dogmatic thought. The study highlights how an ethical approach emerged in which the freedom of the gospel allows for considerable openness to empirical insights from other disciplines. The author reevaluates Barth's ethics in a constructive vision of the role of the church in the quest for a just society.
Femininity (Philosophy)--History--20th century, Ethics, Modern--20th century, and Jewish ethics--History--20th century
In Levinas, Judaism and the Feminine, Claire Katz explores the powerful and productive links between the feminine and religion in Levinas's work. Rather than viewing the feminine as a metaphor with no significance for women or as a means to reinforce traditional stereotypes, Katz goes beyond the questions of sexual difference to reach a more profound understanding of the role of the feminine in Levinas's conception of ethical responsibility. Katz's reading of Levinas's conception of the feminine against a backdrop of discussions of women of the Hebrew bible points to important shifts in cont.
O'Meara, Thomas F., 1935- author., Philibert, Paul J., author., Australasian Theological Forum., and O'Meara, Thomas F., 1935- author.
Catholic Church -- France -- History., Dominicans -- France -- Influence., Dominicans -- France -- History -- 20th century., Catholic Church., Dominicans., Social ethics -- History -- 20th century., Monastic and religious life -- France -- History -- 20th century., Monasticism and religious orders -- France -- History -- 20th century., Christian education -- History., Christian education., Influence (Literary, artistic, etc.), Monastic and religious life., Monasticism and religious orders., Social ethics., and History.
"The theological and cultural vigor of these seven French Dominicans - Sertillanges, Chenu, Congar, Lebret, Loew, Liégé, and Couturier - eventually influenced the entire church through the breakthrough of Vatican II. They read the signs of the times and saw what the Holy Spirit was doing in a changing world. The Catholic Church is more alive because of them." --From publisher's note.