Aejin Lee, McKensie L. Mason, Tao Lin, Shashi Bhushan Kumar, Devan Kowdley, Jacob H. Leung, Danah Muhanna, Yuan Sun, Joana Ortega-Anaya, Lianbo Yu, Julie Fitzgerald, A. Courtney DeVries, Randy J. Nelson, Zachary M. Weil, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, Jon R. Parquette, and Ouliana Ziouzenkova
Pharmaceutics, Vol 14, Iss 81, p 81 (2022)
diabetes, leptin, nanofibers, taurine, Pharmacy and materia medica, and RS1-441
Diabetes poses a high risk for debilitating complications in neural tissues, regulating glucose uptake through insulin-dependent and predominantly insulin-independent pathways. Supramolecular nanostructures provide a flexible strategy for combinatorial regulation of glycemia. Here, we compare the effects of free insulin to insulin bound to positively charged nanofibers comprised of self-assembling amino acid compounds (AACs) with an antioxidant-modified side chain moiety (AAC2) in both in vitro and in vivo models of type 1 diabetes. Free AAC2, free human insulin (hINS) and AAC2-bound-human insulin (AAC2-hINS) were tested in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced mouse model of type 1 diabetes. AAC2-hINS acted as a complex and exhibited different properties compared to free AAC2 or hINS. Mice treated with the AAC2-hINS complex were devoid of hypoglycemic episodes, had improved levels of insulin in circulation and in the brain, and increased expression of neurotransmitter taurine transporter, Slc6a6. Consequently, treatment with AAC2-hINS markedly advanced both physical and cognitive performance in mice with STZ-induced and genetic type 1 diabetes compared to treatments with free AAC2 or hINS. This study demonstrates that the flexible nanofiber AAC2 can serve as a therapeutic platform for the combinatorial treatment of diabetes and its complications.
Shams Marzouq Alotaibi, Nasser Waleed Alobaida, Danah Saleh Aljomah, Mohammed AlShahrani, and Ameen Binnasser
Otolaryngology Case Reports, Vol 23, Iss , Pp 100417- (2022)
Foreign bodies, Respiratory tract, Bronchoscopy, Tracheostomy, Case report, Otorhinolaryngology, and RF1-547
Aspiration of foreign body into the airway is a common emergency in pediatric population and has high risk of morbidity and mortality. Clinical presentation of foreign body aspiration varies between children. Some children may present to emergency department with acute life-threatening presentations that require immediate intervention, while others might have long term coarse of symptoms that were misdiagnosed and mistreated for long time. Variation of clinical presentations based on location of dislodged foreign body in the airway tree and size of the aspirated foreign body. Large impacted foreign body creates extra challenge and possible complications during attempt of retrieval via endoscopy alone. We report a case of large aspirated foreign body that had multiple failed attempts of endoscopic removal, and eventually retrieved using combined endoscopic and open approach without tracheostomy. This technique is safe and efficient in cases that failed conventional endoscopy due to large foreign body size.
With the emergence of Western posthuman understandings, new materialism, artificial intelligence (AI), and the growing acknowledgment of Indigenous epistemologies, an ongoing rethinking of existing assumptions and meanings about creativity is needed. The intersection of new technologies and philosophical stances that upend human-centered views of reality suggests that creativity is not an exclusively "human" activity. This opens new possibilities and assemblages for conceiving of creativity, but not without tensions. In this article, we connect multiple threads, to reimagine creativity in light of posthuman understandings and the possibilities for creative emergence beyond the Anthropocene. Creativity is implicated as emerging beyond non-human spaces, such as through digitality and AI or sources in the natural world. This unseats many understandings of creativity as positioned in Euro-Western literature. We offer four areas of concern for interrogating tensions in this area, aiming to open new possibilities for practice, research, and (re)conceptualization beyond Western understandings. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
The present invention provides a productivity enhancing agent, a wasting rate-reducing agent, an ameliorating agent for ascites, emaciation, or maldevelopment, and a prophylactic or therapeutic agent for inflammation or colibacillosis for use in poultry such as chickens for meat, which comprises unheated cashew nut shell liquid, heated cashew nut shell liquid, anacardic acid, cardanol, and/or cardol.
Disclosed herein are solid compositions that comprise sincalide and are storage stable and which lack a buffer, and optionally, also lack a surfactant/solubilizer, wherein such compositions are storage stable. Also disclosed herein are liquid compositions that comprise sincalide, wherein such compositions are storage stable, and may lack buffer and/or surfactant/solubilizer. Also provided are methods of making and administering the solid or liquid storage stable compositions to a patient in need of, e.g., for the treatment, prevention, and/or diagnosis of gall bladder- and/or pancreatic disorders; or other diagnostic imaging.
Rania Itani, Samar Karout, Hani M. J. Khojah, Makram Rabah, Mohamad B. Kassab, Francine K. Welty, Mazen AlBaghdadi, Haitham Khraishah, Faris El-Dahiyat, Salman Alzayani, Yousef S. Khader, Mohammad S. Alyahya, Danah Alsane, Rana Abu-Farha, Tareq L. Mukattash, Tarek Soukarieh, Mohamad Fawzi Awad, Reem Awad, Abir Wehbi, Fatima Abbas, Hadi El Mais, Huda El Mais, and Lina Karout
BMC Public Health, Vol 22, Iss 1, Pp 1-12 (2022)
Government, Perception, Middle East, Arab countries, COVID-19, Level of satisfaction, Public aspects of medicine, and RA1-1270
Abstract Background Public acceptance of governmental measures are key to controlling the spread of infectious diseases. The COVID-19 pandemic has placed a significant burden on healthcare systems for high-income countries as well as low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The ability of LMICs to respond to the challenge of the COVID-19 pandemic has been limited and may have affected the impact of governmental strategies to control the spread of COVID-19. This study aimed to evaluate and compare public opinion on the governmental COVID-19 response of high and LMICs in the Middle East and benchmark it to international countries. Methods An online, self-administered questionnaire was distributed among different Middle Eastern Arab countries. Participants’ demographics and level of satisfaction with governmental responses to COVID-19 were analyzed and reported. Scores were benchmarked against 19 international values. Results A total of 7395 responses were included. Bahrain scored highest for satisfaction with the governmental response with 38.29 ± 2.93 on a scale of 40, followed by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (37.13 ± 3.27), United Arab Emirates (36.56 ± 3.44), Kuwait (35.74 ± 4.85), Jordan (23.08 ± 6.41), and Lebanon (15.39 ± 5.28). Participants’ country of residence was a significant predictor of the satisfaction score (P
International Journal of Social Psychiatry. May2022, Vol. 68 Issue 3, p662-669. 8p.
ISLAM, MULTIPLE regression analysis, MENTAL health, SOCIAL stigma, CONCEPTUAL structures, HEALTH literacy, HEALTH attitudes, PSYCHOLOGY of women, QUESTIONNAIRES, DESCRIPTIVE statistics, and MENTAL health services
Background: The underutilization of mental health services is a recognized problem for the growing number of Muslims living in the West. Despite their unique mental health risk factors and the pivotal role they play in determining mental health discourse in their families and in society, Muslim women in particular have not received sufficient study. Aim: To help remedy this research gap, we examined factors that may impact the rejection attitudes of Muslim women toward professional mental health care using the first psychometrically validated scale of its kind; the M-PAMH (Muslims' Perceptions and Attitudes to Mental Health). Methods: A total of 1,222 Muslim women responded to questions about their cultural and religious beliefs about mental health, stigma associated with mental health, and familiarity with formal mental health services in an anonymous online survey. Results: Hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that higher religious and cultural beliefs, higher societal stigma, and lower familiarity with professional mental health services were associated with greater rejection attitudes toward professional mental healthcare. The final model was statistically significant, F (5, 1,216) = 73.778; p <.001, and explained 23% of the variance in rejection attitudes with stigma accounting for the most (12.3%) variance, followed by cultural and religious mental health beliefs (6%), and familiarity with mental health services (2.7%). Conclusions: Findings suggest that although the examined factors contributed significantly to the model, they may not be sufficient in the explanation of Muslim women's rejection attitudes toward mental health services. Future research may explore additional variables, as well as predictive profiles for Muslim women's perceptions and attitudes of mental health based on a combination of these factors. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Santesteban-Echarri, Olga, Sandel, Danah, Liu, Lu, Bearden, Carrie E., Cadenhead, Kristin S., Cannon, Tyrone D., Cornblatt, Barbara A., Keshavan, Matcheri, Mathalon, Daniel H., McGlashan, Thomas H., Perkins, Diana O., Seidman, Larry J., Stone, William S., Tsuang, Ming T., Walker, Elaine F., Woods, Scott W., and Addington, Jean
A pulverulent semisynthetic material, derived from a natural marine biomaterial, namely the aragonitic inner layer of the shell of bivalve molluscs selected from Pinctadines, notably Pinctada maxima, margaritifera, and Tridacnes, notably Tridacna gigas, maxima, derasa, tevaroa, squamosa, crocea, Hippopus hippopus, Hippopus porcelanus, in pulverulent form, with the addition of insoluble and soluble biopolymers and calcium carbonate transformed by carbonation.
Kent County News (Chestertown, MD), April 21, 2022 News, p. 4 1pp
CHESTERTOWN — Ted Ramsey is pictured here with “Totem #60,” a series he has been working on for the last 30 years. Ramsey opened his in-town studio for the Chestertown A&E Spring Art Walk on Saturday, April 16. ...
Provided is a method for preparing an oil-in-water type emulsion composition, the method comprising a step for stirring and emulsifying a composition containing components (A), (B), (C) and (D) below and then treating under a high shear pressure of 30-300 Mpa, wherein (A) is 5-35 mass % of an acrylic-silicone graft copolymer, (B) is 5-35 mass % of volatile oil, (C) is 2-15 mass % of polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid ester having average addition mole number of ethylene oxide (EO) of 10 or more and HLB of 11 or more, and (D) is 15-88 mass % of water.