Linked data (Semantic Web), Online library catalogs, Digital libraries, Cultural property, Libraries, and Catalogs
This article summarizes the main aspects of the strategy created as the result of the project to integrate printed catalogs into Cuban digital library spaces and the internet in general. It also describes the status of the initiative and offers reflections on the relationship between the ongoing parallel development of online catalogs, digital libraries, and digital repositories of cultural patrimony, highlighting opportunities to make use of linked data techniques for these purposes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Eichhorn P, Andraschke U, Dross F, Geppert CI, Hartmann A, and Rau TT
Virchows Archiv: An International Journal Of Pathology [Virchows Arch] 2018 Aug; Vol. 473 (2), pp. 219-228. Date of Electronic Publication: 2018 May 10.
History, Humans, Catalogs as Topic, Education, Medical methods, Pathology methods, Pathology organization administration, and Specimen Handling methods
The declaration of Leiden pronounces the demand to conserve pathological-anatomical collections as cultural heritage. Likewise, the Institute of Pathology of the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg owns macroscopic pathological-anatomical specimens reaching back over 150 years. The purpose of this work is to examine the impact, meaning, and perception of such historical preparations during the current medical curriculum. Additionally, the experiences from the renovation process can be used as a template for other institutes. All preparations were documented, photographed, and catalogued in an electronic database. During a restoration period, a series of didactically suitable specimens were professionally restored. Hereby, the help of a special course of interested students was admitted. In a second step, the specimens were integrated into the regular teaching of students in macroscopic pathology. An evaluation was carried out on two student cohorts with and without historical specimens by means of a questionnaire with 23 items and two free text fields. In total, 1261 specimens were registered covering diseases from almost the complete human body with a strong representation of the cardiovascular, urinary, gastrointestinal, and central nervous systems. Hereby, exceptional rare and untreated cases with medical relevance could be found and stepwise implemented into the curriculum. The student evaluation positively addressed that the courses became livelier and interactive. Furthermore, a more comprehensive overview and a better understanding of the macroscopic pathology were appreciated. However, more self-study time with the specimen was demanded. The authenticity of historical specimens contrasts with the tendency to carry out virtual "online" didactic methods. The stereoscopic view on often untreated and, therefore, unbiased cases enhances a skill-oriented deeper understanding of diseases. In conclusion, historical specimens regain interest and even didactic value, especially in an era of declining autopsy rates.
Marienhagen J, Brenner W, Buck A, Franzius C, Freudenberg LS, Gotthardt M, Lindner O, Mottaghy FM, and Hellwig D
Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine [Nuklearmedizin] 2018 Aug; Vol. 57 (4), pp. 137-145. Date of Electronic Publication: 2018 Aug 20.
Germany, Humans, Patient Safety, Catalogs as Topic, Clinical Competence, Competency-Based Education methods, Competency-Based Education standards, Curriculum standards, Education, Medical, Undergraduate organization administration, and Medical Errors prevention control
Aims: Implementation of the guidelines on the Competency-based Learning Objective Catalogue for Undergraduate Medical Education for a Nuclear Medicine curriculum on behalf of the committee on professional training and continuing education of the German Association of Nuclear Medicine (DGN) METHODS:: In 7 domains 100 learning objectives (LOs) were subject to a prioritization in 3 categories (A, B and C) by means of a questionnaire as part of a Delphi method, in collaboration with all members of the DGN holding a "venia legendi" as experts. Category A defined the essential LOs for each medical practitioner. The prioritization was made by ranking the frequency of the A-classifications. In the 2nd step of the Delphi method, a list of LOs with the ranking positions 1-5 in each domain was presented to the first round's experts as a core curriculum, asking either for acceptance or modifications. Results: The results of the 1st step of the Delphi method deliver a return rate of 29% of the questionnaires (55 out of 184). The 2nd round shows a return rate of 30.9% (57 out of 184) and full approval of the proposed LOs in all LO domains by in median 72 % of the experts consulted (61%-81%). The present final version contains 37 competency-based LOs in the LO domains "legal basis and radiation protection", "basic science", indications and contra-indications for "PET/CT", "scintigraphy and SPECT", "patient preparation", "image interpretation" as well as "therapy". Conclusion: The Competency-based Learning Objective Catalogue for Nuclear Medicine describes the knowledge and competencies, every physician should have at the end of his medical studies. The LO catalogue is a living document, which needs to be adapted continuously to the progress of the medical and technological development. (Georg Thieme Verlag.)
Journal Of Helminthology [J Helminthol] 2019 Jul; Vol. 93 (4), pp. 389-423. Date of Electronic Publication: 2019 May 08.
Animals, Animals, Domestic parasitology, Catalogs as Topic, Humans, Angiostrongylus classification, Phylogeny, and Terminology as Topic
This catalogue is concerned with the closely related angiostrongylid genera Angiostrongylus, Gallegostrongylus, Rodentocaulus and Stefanskostrongylus. Three species, Angiostrongylus cantonensis, A. costaricensis and A. vasorum, have attracted most attention because of their importance in human and domestic animal disease. Many of the remaining species are poorly known and the number of valid taxa is unclear. The catalogue lists all nomenclaturally available and unavailable genus-group and species-group names that have been applied to the above genera and the species included in them, indicating their current nomenclatural status and providing the rigorous nomenclatural basis for future work. The catalogue lists 14 published and nomenclaturally available genus-group names, with the above four treated as valid, the other ten being junior synonyms. There are 42 published species-group names: 36 are valid, two are junior synonyms, four are nomenclaturally unavailable. One additional species, described in Chabaudistrongylus (synonym of Angiostrongylus), is listed as incertae sedis in Angiostrongylidae. Also listed are two unpublished collection names. The catalogue provides bibliographic details for all published names, and for available names provides locations of type material, details of type localities, geographic distributions and details of type and other hosts, both definitive and intermediate, to the extent known. The catalogue is a work of nomenclature, not a revisionary taxonomic work. No new names or new combinations are proposed. The apparently new family-group synonymy of Cardionematinae with Angiostrongylidae is introduced, as are four genus-group synonymies, three with Angiostrongylus and one with Stefaskostrongylus.
The article presents several ways to make digital course catalogs more robust. It includes information on web-based catalogs that provides students with a road map of how they can complete a program in the most efficient way; connect and interact with various systems; and use of chatbots and other artificial intelligence options.