Conference Papers -- International Communication Association. 2012 Annual Meeting, p1-34. 34p.
Websites, Political advertising, Political campaigns, Political participation, Internet advertising, Skepticism, Digital technology, and Citizenship
Digitally-mediated campaign messages contain normative expectations of citizens' political and civic behaviors that users must engage and navigate on a routine basis. The increasingly popular medium of the microsite (a smaller Web site containing a different web address that the organization producing the site) is a tool that exhibits shifts in campaign content that structure how citizens encounter political information, and subsequent norms of citizenship. This article, analyzes how microsites deviate from traditional genres of campaign communication, and examines how these changes allow for and encourage visitors to engage with them as "skeptical citizens," who question political information. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
City & State (New York, NY), August 4, 2020 Politics, 5pp
A decision issued Monday from a federal judge will allow thousands more ballots across New York state to be counted in the still-ongoing June 23 primary. Entering week six of the primary without official results in New York City, Judge Analisa Torres ruled that any ballots received by boards of elections on June 24 and June 25 without postmarks must be counted under the presumption they were mailed on or before June 23...
City & State (New York, NY), August 5, 2020 Politics, 11pp
Six weeks after Election Day, the final lingering races that were still in limbo thanks to close election night results and delays in counting absentee ballots have been officially decided. The New York City Board of Elections finalized its results and Rep. Carolyn Maloney emerged victorious after a nail-biter of an election in the 12th Congressional District representing parts of Manhattan, Queens and Brooklyn...
City & State (New York, NY), August 6, 2020 Politics, 9pp
In the midst of a global pandemic, the June 23 primary left a number of state lawmakers at risk of losing their seats – although an influx of uncounted absentee ballots made it hard to tell who ultimately would be the victor, even in races where candidates had strong leads. Once all the votes were tallied, some challengers held their leads, and several came from behind for upset victories against incumbents...
City & State (New York, NY), August 6, 2020 Politics, 2pp
Donovan Richards is on his way to being the next Queens borough president. The New York City Council member earned nearly 36% of the vote in the June 23 Democratic primary, finishing 7 percentage points ahead of his nearest competitor, former New York City Council Member Elizabeth Crowley. After nearly a month of counting absentee ballots, the New York City Board of Elections published the certified results in the race this week...
City & State (New York, NY), July 29, 2020 Politics, 4pp
As absentee ballots were tallied for year's primaries, the number of Democratic Assembly incumbents who were toppled by challengers grew to historic proportions. A total of seven insurgents, most first-time candidates running from the left, were victorious – a remarkable shift from recent decades, in which Assembly members have rarely lost a reelection bid...
City & State (New York, NY), July 30, 2020 Personality, 3pp
Over the last two months, New York City Public Advocate Jumaane Williams has been a leader of protests against systemic racism and police brutality. Among elected officials, Williams has been the most effective at channeling activists' emotions – and it's led to some progressives hoping that the democratic socialist Williams would run for mayor in 2021...
City & State (New York, NY), July 24, 2020 Politics, 3pp
Several New York City progressives toppled longtime incumbent Assembly members after absentee ballots were tallied this week. In Astoria, Zohran Mamdani, the only candidate backed by the Democratic Socialists of America in Queens, won the 36th Assembly District seat currently held by five-term Assembly Member Aravella Simotas. Emily Gallagher, a tenant housing activist, defeated 47-year incumbent Assembly Member Joseph Lentol in District 50, representing the Brooklyn neighborhoods of Greenpoint and Williamsburg...
City & State (New York, NY), July 24, 2020 Politics, 5pp
Ritchie Torres has not yet been elected to Congress, nor has he – at the time of writing – officially been declared the winner of the Democratic primary in New York's 15th Congressional District (though his chances look good). But already, the Bronx politician is ruffling some feathers on Capitol Hill...
City & State (New York, NY), July 20, 2020 Politics, 3pp
Two years after the 2018 left-wing reckoning for many Democratic incumbents in the state Senate, this year is the Assembly's turn. Across New York City, progressive insurgents have unseated, or are in strong positions to unseat, longtime members of the Assembly in hotly contested races. Unlike the state Senate, which flipped from Republican to Democratic control in the 2018 blue wave, the Assembly has long been a Democratic stronghold...
Political science, American politics, campaigns & elections, electoral systems, political participation, U.S. Senate, and voting
There are two philosophies for how elected officials should posture to voters. One approach holds that officials should appeal to the centrists in their district, while another suggests that they should ignore the middle and appeal to the partisan base. In this book, I posit that the number of citizens living within an electoral district determines the viability of each strategy. When a district has a low population, the quality of “representational relationship” is high and the average citizen has an incentive to participate in democratic elections. In this context, public officials should posture to the centrists in order to capture the median voter. But when a district is very populous, there is little value in engaging in democracy for the average citizen. Here, it makes sense for officials to appeal to the partisans, who are more likely to turnout to vote.I outline a theory of size and electoral engagement that holds that, as an electoral district population increases, the electorate becomes less engaged in elections, such that fewer citizens turnout to vote and support candidates. I test the empirical implications of this theory with a number of analyses. My analysis of thousands of returns from national, state, and local elections in America shows that size depresses voter turnout. I observe similar effects on campaign contributions during U.S. Senate elections. The effects of size on voter engagement have implications for how legislators behave strategically in order to secure reelection. I find that senators discount the views of their states’ median citizen as the size of their state increases.This analysis has far-reaching implications for the study of democracy beyond the context of American politics. The primary contribution of this book is that it provides a rigorously-tested, logically-grounded theoretical framework that explains the role of population size in structuring political behavior on both sides of the representational relationship.